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tramp and diff-mode results in Emacs crash


From: Dale Sedivec
Subject: tramp and diff-mode results in Emacs crash
Date: Thu, 22 Feb 2007 07:07:57 -0500
User-agent: Mutt/1.4.2.1i

This bug report will be sent to the Free Software Foundation,
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Please write in English, because the Emacs maintainers do not have
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Your bug report will be posted to the address@hidden mailing list,
and to the gnu.emacs.bug news group.

In GNU Emacs 21.4.1 (i386-redhat-linux-gnu, X toolkit, Xaw3d scroll bars)
 of 2006-03-07 on hs20-bc1-6.build.redhat.com
configured using `configure  --build=i386-redhat-linux --host=i386-redhat-linux 
--target=i386-redhat-linux-gnu --program-prefix= --prefix=/usr 
--exec-prefix=/usr --bindir=/usr/bin --sbindir=/usr/sbin --sysconfdir=/etc 
--datadir=/usr/share --includedir=/usr/include --libdir=/usr/lib 
--libexecdir=/usr/libexec --localstatedir=/var --sharedstatedir=/usr/com 
--mandir=/usr/share/man --infodir=/usr/share/info --with-pop --with-sound'
Important settings:
  value of $LC_ALL: nil
  value of $LC_COLLATE: C
  value of $LC_CTYPE: nil
  value of $LC_MESSAGES: nil
  value of $LC_MONETARY: nil
  value of $LC_NUMERIC: nil
  value of $LC_TIME: nil
  value of $LANG: en_US.UTF-8
  locale-coding-system: utf-8
  default-enable-multibyte-characters: t

Please describe exactly what actions triggered the bug
and the precise symptoms of the bug:

When I edit a diff file on a remote machine with TRAMP, and then ask
diff-mode to convert context->unified format, Emacs begins behaving
very strangely and eventually crashes.

Steps to reproduce:
1. Put foo.rej (included below) on a remote machine that you can get
   to with TRAMP
2. Start Emacs: /usr/bin/emacs-x -q
3. M-:
4. M-( require 'tramp M-) RET
5. C-x C-f
6. C-a C-k /10.0.1.169:foo.rej RET
7. Note that I do not enter any passwords since TRAMP uses SSH and I'm
   using RSA authentication with ssh-agent
7. Press U to do context->unified, or use the mouse to click the
   context->unified function under the Diff menu

Expected results:
Diff is converted from context to unified format.

Observed results:
Sometimes nothing, but sometimes I'll get a single letter "S" in the
minibuffer (as if someone had done (message "S")).

After executing context->unified, lots of things in Emacs stop
working:
- C-x C-c doesn't do anything; pressing C-x will display C-x in the
  minibuffer
- C-x b does nothing: no change in the minibuffer, and pressing RET in
  an effort to switch to another buffer (i.e., *scratch*) does nothing
- Menu options don't do anything, though you can drop down menus and
  see the menu that results from clicking '?' on the toolbar
- Sometimes buffer switching works, sometimes it doesn't
- Selecting the unified->context option from the Diff menu with the
  mouse often produces the expected text in the minibuffer, though the
  foo.rej buffer sees no changes
- Selecting context->unified from the menu or pressing U doesn't do
  anything
- I'm unable to change the buffer at all

I can't say all of the above happen 100% of the time.  The exact
effects you see are sometimes different, and the exact way it crashes
differs (abort, segmentation fault), but it always crashes.

The most reliable way I've found to cause Emacs to crash: simply hold
down "U" to repeatedly attempt context->unified.  Also, clicking every
option on the Diff menu, top to bottom, over and over until it crashes
usually works.

I have several core files laying around.  Here's a backtrace from one:

#0  0x00644410 in ?? ()
#1  0xbfeb7048 in ?? ()
#2  0x00000006 in ?? ()
#3  0x00000006 in ?? ()
#4  0x001ce2d6 in kill () from /lib/libc.so.6
#5  0x080df149 in fatal_error_signal (sig=6) at emacs.c:354
#6  0x00644420 in ?? ()
#7  0x00000006 in ?? ()
#8  0x00000033 in ?? ()
#9  0x00000000 in ?? ()

That one isn't very helpful, I think.  Later on I managed this one:

#0  0x080f9e1e in set_buffer_internal_1 (b=0x87bcbf8) at buffer.c:1642
#1  0x080616bf in with_echo_area_buffer (w=0x0, which=Variable "which" is not 
available.
) at xdisp.c:6299
#2  0x080618cc in current_message () at xdisp.c:6735
#3  0x080618fc in push_message () at xdisp.c:6770
#4  0x0810de1e in Fdo_auto_save (no_message=405431388, current_only=405431340)
    at fileio.c:5493
#5  0x080dd69d in shut_down_emacs (sig=11, no_x=0, stuff=405431340)
    at emacs.c:1883
#6  0x080df0da in fatal_error_signal (sig=11) at emacs.c:341
#7  0x00382420 in _XimTransConf ()
#8  0x080fb09f in Fset_buffer (buffer=1217315056) at buffer.c:1800
#9  0x080fe05a in Fcombine_after_change_execute () at insdel.c:2102
#10 0x080fde17 in signal_after_change (charpos=2486, lendel=1, lenins=0)
    at insdel.c:2017
#11 0x08100354 in del_range_both (from=2486, from_byte=2486, to=Variable "to" 
is not available.
)
    at insdel.c:1671
#12 0x08064396 in message_dolog (m=0x8195073 "", nbytes=0, nlflag=1,
    multibyte=0) at xdisp.c:5732
#13 0x080643e6 in message_log_maybe_newline () at xdisp.c:5630
#14 0x080645ba in setup_echo_area_for_printing (multibyte_p=1) at xdisp.c:6444
#15 0x0814b940 in write_string_1 (data=0xbfdb3d3a "", size=-1,
    printcharfun=405431388) at print.c:573
#16 0x080e4bb0 in cmd_error_internal (data=1485750404, context=0xbfdb3d3a "")
#17 0x080e4ca3 in cmd_error (data=1485750404) at keyboard.c:1132
#18 0x0813a73c in internal_condition_case (bfun=0x80ec220 <command_loop_1>,
    handlers=405527684, hfun=0x80e4bf0 <cmd_error>) at eval.c:1257
#19 0x080e47a3 in command_loop_2 () at keyboard.c:1245
#20 0x0813a832 in internal_catch (tag=405489268,
    func=0x80e4780 <command_loop_2>, arg=405431340) at eval.c:1030
#21 0x080e48e7 in command_loop () at keyboard.c:1224
#22 0x080e498e in recursive_edit_1 () at keyboard.c:950
#23 0x080e4aab in Frecursive_edit () at keyboard.c:1006
#24 0x080de49b in main (argc=2, argv=0xbfdb4424, envp=Cannot access memory at 
address 0x484985c0
) at emacs.c:1547
#25 0x006d14e4 in ?? () from /lib/libc.so.6
#26 0x00000002 in ?? ()
#27 0xbfdb4424 in ?? ()
#28 0xbfdb4430 in ?? ()
#29 0x0019678b in _dl_fixup () from /lib/ld-linux.so.2
#30 0x0804f571 in ?? ()

But the fact that some of the core files look like that first one, and
the others all looked different from one another (at a glance)
suggests to me that these backtraces aren't very useful anyway.
(Though I'll gladly produce them until I'm blue in the face if I'm
wrong and they are helpful.)

I've used the Emacs Lisp debugger to step through
diff-context->unified.  When the function is byte compiled (I assume
that's what it means when some of the things I'm stepping through are
"byte-code") the last thing I see in the debugger is (match-string 4);
hitting 's' to execute that makes the debugger window disappear and
now I'm in the weird state described above.  The same thing happened
when I evaluated the file with a (debug) added, but there it exited
before evaluating (if (match-beginning 2) ...).

I have consistently reproduced this on:
- Fedora Core (FC) 5 GNU Linux i386 with Emacs in X Windows (same
  Emacs I'm using to write this bug report)
- Same FC 5 i386 machine with non-X Windows Emacs (i.e.,
  /usr/bin/emacs-nox in gnome-terminal (think xterm))
- A different FC 5 i386 machine, freshly updated and rebooted
- An Ubuntu 6.10 (Edgy) i386 running in VMware, Emacs in X Windows

So that's two physically separate machines, three different "OS"
installs.

Additional details on the first FC5 machine mentioned above:
$ rpm -q glibc
glibc-2.4-11
$ uname -a
Linux censored.internal.name 2.6.18-1.2257.fc5smp #1 SMP Fri Dec 15 16:33:51 
EST 2006 i686 athlon i386 GNU/Linux
$ egrep defconst.*tramp-version /usr/share/emacs/site-lisp/tramp/trampver.el
(defconst tramp-version "2.0.49"

I also (first, in fact) saw this behavior first using TRAMP 2.1.8.

SELinux is off (permissive).  I believe Fedora has a few other
security features, like kind of segment randomization.  (I also
believe I could recreate the crash with "setarch i386 -R
/usr/bin/emacs -q" so as to disable that randomization.)

I have only been able to reproduce this crash with the diff file
below, though admittedly I didn't try very hard to reproduce it with
other diff files.  I'm not actually positive this is a "diff file":
it's the result of a failed patch(1) attempt.  Please note that
accessing this same file locally (i.e., not through TRAMP) works just
fine, though: I can do the context->unified conversion without any
problems.

######################################################################
# foo.rej:
######################################################################

***************
*** 3,27 ****
  use strict;
  
  $max_servers = 2;             # number of pre-forked children (2..15 is 
common)
- $daemon_user  = 'amavis';     # (no default;  customary: vscan or amavis)
- $daemon_group = 'amavis';     # (no default;  customary: vscan or amavis)
  
  $mydomain = 'yourdomain.tld'; # a convenient default for other settings
  
- $MYHOME   = '/var/amavisd';   # a convenient default for other settings
  $TEMPBASE = "$MYHOME/tmp";    # working directory, needs to be created 
manually
  $ENV{TMPDIR} = $TEMPBASE;     # environment variable TMPDIR
- $QUARANTINEDIR = '/var/virusmails';
  
  # Blowfish encryption key file (optional)
- $key_file = "$MYHOME/maia.key";
  
  # $daemon_chroot_dir = $MYHOME;   # chroot directory or undef
  
  # $db_home   = "$MYHOME/db";
- # $helpers_home = "$MYHOME/var";  # prefer $MYHOME clean and owned by root?
- # $pid_file  = "$MYHOME/var/amavisd.pid";
- # $lock_file = "$MYHOME/var/amavisd.lock";
  #NOTE: create directories $MYHOME/tmp, $MYHOME/var, $MYHOME/db manually
  
  @local_domains_maps = ( [".$mydomain"] );
--- 3,27 ----
  use strict;
  
  $max_servers = 2;             # number of pre-forked children (2..15 is 
common)
+ $daemon_user  = '@@MAIA_USER@@';     # (no default;  customary: vscan or 
amavis)
+ $daemon_group = '@@MAIA_GROUP@@';     # (no default;  customary: vscan or 
amavis)
  
  $mydomain = 'yourdomain.tld'; # a convenient default for other settings
  
+ $MYHOME   = '@@LOCALSTATEDIR@@/lib/maia';   # a convenient default for other 
settings
  $TEMPBASE = "$MYHOME/tmp";    # working directory, needs to be created 
manually
  $ENV{TMPDIR} = $TEMPBASE;     # environment variable TMPDIR
+ $QUARANTINEDIR = '@@LOCALSTATEDIR@@/spool/maia-quarantine';
  
  # Blowfish encryption key file (optional)
+ $key_file = "@@SYSCONFDIR@@/maia/blowfish.key";
  
  # $daemon_chroot_dir = $MYHOME;   # chroot directory or undef
  
  # $db_home   = "$MYHOME/db";
+ $helpers_home = "$MYHOME/helpers";  # prefer $MYHOME clean and owned by root?
+ $pid_file  = "@@LOCALSTATEDIR@@/run/maia/amavisd.pid";
+ $lock_file = "@@LOCALSTATEDIR@@/lock/maia/amavisd.lock";
  #NOTE: create directories $MYHOME/tmp, $MYHOME/var, $MYHOME/db manually
  
  @local_domains_maps = ( [".$mydomain"] );

######################################################################

Please let me know if I can be of further asstiance.

Dale Sedivec

Recent input:
<help-echo> <help-echo> <help-echo> <help-echo> <menu-bar> 
<help-menu> <report-emacs-bug>

Recent messages:
Loading cl-seq...done
Loading /home/darkness/.elisp/packages/org/loaddefs.el (source)...done
Loading easy-mmode...done
Loading edmacro...done
Loading rng-auto.el (source)...done
Loading mwheel...done
Loading jka-compr...done
For information about the GNU Project and its goals, type C-h C-p.
Loading server...done
Loading emacsbug...done




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