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bug#15260: cannot build in a directory with non-ascii characters


From: Eli Zaretskii
Subject: bug#15260: cannot build in a directory with non-ascii characters
Date: Thu, 31 Oct 2013 19:59:52 +0200

> Date: Thu, 31 Oct 2013 05:47:48 +0200
> From: Eli Zaretskii <address@hidden>
> Cc: address@hidden
> 
> (The job is almost done, btw, I'm in final testing.)

Below is what I came up with.  This survived several bootstraps, both
on GNU/Linux (in- and out-of-source-tree builds) and on MS-Windows,
including "make install" into a non-ASCII directory and invocation
from there.

To summarize the changes:

  . ENCODE_FILE now explicitly leaves alone unibyte strings.  (It
    could be that it did this before as well, but I couldn't find the
    code which had that effect, and doing that early on is TRT
    anyway.)

  . All the *-directory and *-path variables we create at startup are
    forced to be unibyte strings.  (Previously, they were sometimes
    unibyte and sometimes multibyte.)  In temacs that dumps or
    bootstraps, they stay unibyte all the way till program exit.  In a
    session that runs startup.el, they are decoded early in
    normal-top-level, after setting up the locale environment.  The
    code which decodes these was moved much closer to the beginning of
    normal-top-level, as its previous place was too late, after some
    damage was already done.

  . Several left-overs from working around problems that are long gone
    are removed.  Notable examples: (a) "set LC_ALL=C" when running
    'emacs' (NOT 'temacs') in lisp/ and leim/; (b) storing (in
    init_buffer) the default-directory of *scratch* in the multibyte
    representation of the original unibyte bytes.

  . A few related bugs which got in the way were fixed.  E.g., in
    make_temp_name.

Please test this, as I could only do that in 2 different locales.

Please pay specific attention to strings in load-path,
default-directory, data-directory, etc., after Emacs comes up in an
interactive session: they should all be multibyte strings (you can use
multibyte-string-p to test that).

If no problems pop up, I will commit this in a few days.

Thanks.

=== modified file 'configure.ac'
--- configure.ac        2013-10-27 18:57:20 +0000
+++ configure.ac        2013-10-31 16:57:18 +0000
@@ -73,30 +73,6 @@ dnl Support for --program-prefix, --prog
 dnl --program-transform-name options
 AC_ARG_PROGRAM
 
-dnl http://debbugs.gnu.org/15260
-dnl I think we have to check, eg, both exec_prefix and bindir,
-dnl because the latter by default is not yet expanded, but the user
-dnl may have specified a value for it via --bindir.
-dnl At first glance, _installing_ in non-ASCII seems ok, but in fact
-dnl it is not; see http://debbugs.gnu.org/15260#61
-dnl Note that abs_srcdir and abs_builddir are not yet defined. :(
-
-dnl "`cd \"$srcdir\"`" is not portable.
-dnl See autoconf manual "Shell Substitutions":
-dnl "There is just no portable way to use double-quoted strings inside
-dnl double-quoted back-quoted expressions (pfew!)."
-temp_srcdir=`cd "$srcdir"; pwd`
-
-for var in "`pwd`" "$temp_srcdir" "$prefix" "$exec_prefix" \
-    "$datarootdir" "$bindir" "$datadir" "$sharedstatedir" "$libexecdir"; do
-
-  dnl configure sets LC_ALL=C early on, so this range should work.
-  case "$var" in
-    *[[^\ -~]]*) AC_MSG_ERROR([Emacs cannot be built or installed in a 
directory whose name contains non-ASCII characters: $var]) ;;
-  esac
-
-done
-
 dnl It is important that variables on the RHS not be expanded here,
 dnl hence the single quotes.  This is per the GNU coding standards, see
 dnl (autoconf) Installation Directory Variables

=== modified file 'leim/Makefile.in'
--- leim/Makefile.in    2013-10-24 02:29:29 +0000
+++ leim/Makefile.in    2013-10-31 16:57:18 +0000
@@ -34,7 +34,7 @@ EMACS = ../src/emacs
 buildlisppath=${abs_srcdir}/../lisp
 
 # How to run Emacs.
-RUN_EMACS = EMACSLOADPATH="$(buildlisppath)" LC_ALL=C \
+RUN_EMACS = EMACSLOADPATH="$(buildlisppath)" \
        "${EMACS}" -batch --no-site-file --no-site-lisp
 
 MKDIR_P = @MKDIR_P@

=== modified file 'lisp/Makefile.in'
--- lisp/Makefile.in    2013-10-31 07:27:35 +0000
+++ lisp/Makefile.in    2013-10-31 16:57:18 +0000
@@ -115,7 +115,7 @@ COMPILE_FIRST = \
 
 # The actual Emacs command run in the targets below.
 
-emacs = EMACSLOADPATH="$(abs_lisp)" LC_ALL=C "$(EMACS)" $(EMACSOPT)
+emacs = EMACSLOADPATH="$(abs_lisp)" "$(EMACS)" $(EMACSOPT)
 
 # Common command to find subdirectories
 setwins=subdirs=`find . -type d -print`; \

=== modified file 'lisp/loadup.el'
--- lisp/loadup.el      2013-10-08 15:11:29 +0000
+++ lisp/loadup.el      2013-10-31 16:57:18 +0000
@@ -286,6 +286,20 @@
 ;For other systems, you must edit ../src/Makefile.in.
 (load "site-load" t)
 
+;; Make sure default-directory is unibyte when dumping.  This is
+;; because we cannot decode and encode it correctly (since the locale
+;; environment is not, and should not be, set up).  default-directory
+;; is used every time we call expand-file-name, which we do in every
+;; file primitive.  So the only workable solution to support building
+;; in non-ASCII directories is to manipulate unibyte strings in the
+;; current locale's encoding.
+(if (and (or (equal (nth 3 command-line-args) "dump")
+            (equal (nth 4 command-line-args) "dump")
+            (equal (nth 3 command-line-args) "bootstrap")
+            (equal (nth 4 command-line-args) "bootstrap"))
+        (multibyte-string-p default-directory))
+    (setq default-directory (string-to-unibyte default-directory)))
+
 ;; Determine which last version number to use
 ;; based on the executables that now exist.
 (if (and (or (equal (nth 3 command-line-args) "dump")

=== modified file 'lisp/startup.el'
--- lisp/startup.el     2013-10-30 02:45:53 +0000
+++ lisp/startup.el     2013-10-31 17:04:11 +0000
@@ -489,6 +489,63 @@ It is the default value of the variable 
   (if command-line-processed
       (message "Back to top level.")
     (setq command-line-processed t)
+
+    ;; Set the default strings to display in mode line for end-of-line
+    ;; formats that aren't native to this platform.  This should be
+    ;; done before calling set-locale-environment, as the latter might
+    ;; use these mnemonics.
+    (cond
+     ((memq system-type '(ms-dos windows-nt))
+      (setq eol-mnemonic-unix "(Unix)"
+           eol-mnemonic-mac  "(Mac)"))
+     (t                                   ; this is for Unix/GNU/Linux systems
+      (setq eol-mnemonic-dos  "(DOS)"
+           eol-mnemonic-mac  "(Mac)")))
+
+    (set-locale-environment nil)
+    ;; Decode all default-directory's (probably, only *scratch* exists
+    ;; at this point).  default-directory of *scratch* is the basis
+    ;; for many other file-name variables and directory lists, so it
+    ;; is important to decode it ASAP.
+    (when locale-coding-system
+      (save-excursion
+       (dolist (elt (buffer-list))
+         (set-buffer elt)
+         (if default-directory
+             (setq default-directory
+                   (decode-coding-string default-directory
+                                         locale-coding-system t)))))
+
+      ;; Decode all the important variables and directory lists, now
+      ;; that we know the locale's encoding.  This is because the
+      ;; values of these variables are until here unibyte undecoded
+      ;; strings created by build_unibyte_string.  data-directory in
+      ;; particular is used to construct many other standard directory
+      ;; names, so it must be decoded ASAP.
+      ;; Note that charset-map-path cannot be decoded here, since we
+      ;; could then be trapped in infinite recursion below, when we
+      ;; load subdirs.el, because encoding a directory name might need
+      ;; to load a charset map, which will want to encode
+      ;; charset-map-path, which will want to load the same charset
+      ;; map...  So decoding of charset-map-path is delayed until
+      ;; further down below.
+      (dolist (pathsym '(load-path exec-path))
+       (let ((path (symbol-value pathsym)))
+         (if (listp path)
+             (set pathsym (mapcar (lambda (dir)
+                                    (decode-coding-string
+                                     dir
+                                     locale-coding-system t))
+                               path)))))
+      (dolist (filesym '(data-directory doc-directory exec-directory
+                                       installation-directory
+                                       invocation-directory invocation-name
+                                       source-directory
+                                       shared-game-score-directory))
+       (let ((file (symbol-value filesym)))
+         (if (stringp file)
+             (set filesym (decode-coding-string file locale-coding-system 
t))))))
+
     (let ((dir default-directory))
       (with-current-buffer "*Messages*"
         (messages-buffer-mode)
@@ -536,6 +593,16 @@ It is the default value of the variable 
               (setq process-environment
                     (delete (concat "PWD=" pwd)
                             process-environment)))))
+    ;; Now, that other directories were searched, and any charsets we
+    ;; need for encoding them are already loaded, we are ready to
+    ;; decode charset-map-path.
+    (if (listp charset-map-path)
+       (setq charset-map-path
+             (mapcar (lambda (dir)
+                       (decode-coding-string
+                        dir
+                        locale-coding-system t))
+                     charset-map-path)))
     (setq default-directory (abbreviate-file-name default-directory))
     (let ((old-face-font-rescale-alist face-font-rescale-alist))
       (unwind-protect
@@ -756,18 +823,6 @@ Amongst another things, it parses the co
   ;;! ;; Choose a good default value for split-window-keep-point.
   ;;! (setq split-window-keep-point (> baud-rate 2400))
 
-  ;; Set the default strings to display in mode line for
-  ;; end-of-line formats that aren't native to this platform.
-  (cond
-   ((memq system-type '(ms-dos windows-nt))
-    (setq eol-mnemonic-unix "(Unix)"
-          eol-mnemonic-mac  "(Mac)"))
-   (t                                   ; this is for Unix/GNU/Linux systems
-    (setq eol-mnemonic-dos  "(DOS)"
-          eol-mnemonic-mac  "(Mac)")))
-
-  (set-locale-environment nil)
-
   ;; Convert preloaded file names in load-history to absolute.
   (let ((simple-file-name
         ;; Look for simple.el or simple.elc and use their directory
@@ -801,7 +856,7 @@ please check its value")
                    load-history))))
 
   ;; Convert the arguments to Emacs internal representation.
-  (let ((args (cdr command-line-args)))
+  (let ((args command-line-args))
     (while args
       (setcar args
              (decode-coding-string (car args) locale-coding-system t))
@@ -1211,19 +1266,6 @@ the `--debug-init' option to view a comp
   (setq after-init-time (current-time))
   (run-hooks 'after-init-hook)
 
-  ;; Decode all default-directory.
-  (if (and (default-value 'enable-multibyte-characters) locale-coding-system)
-      (save-excursion
-       (dolist (elt (buffer-list))
-         (set-buffer elt)
-         (if default-directory
-             (setq default-directory
-                   (decode-coding-string default-directory
-                                         locale-coding-system t))))
-       (setq command-line-default-directory
-             (decode-coding-string command-line-default-directory
-                                   locale-coding-system t))))
-
   ;; If *scratch* exists and init file didn't change its mode, initialize it.
   (if (get-buffer "*scratch*")
       (with-current-buffer "*scratch*"

=== modified file 'src/buffer.c'
--- src/buffer.c        2013-10-29 14:46:23 +0000
+++ src/buffer.c        2013-10-31 16:57:18 +0000
@@ -5349,13 +5349,10 @@ init_buffer (void)
       len++;
     }
 
+  /* At this moment, we still don't know how to decode the directory
+     name.  So, we keep the bytes in unibyte form so that file I/O
+     routines correctly get the original bytes.  */
   bset_directory (current_buffer, make_unibyte_string (pwd, len));
-  if (! NILP (BVAR (&buffer_defaults, enable_multibyte_characters)))
-    /* At this moment, we still don't know how to decode the
-       directory name.  So, we keep the bytes in multibyte form so
-       that ENCODE_FILE correctly gets the original bytes.  */
-    bset_directory
-      (current_buffer, string_to_multibyte (BVAR (current_buffer, directory)));
 
   /* Add /: to the front of the name
      if it would otherwise be treated as magic.  */

=== modified file 'src/callproc.c'
--- src/callproc.c      2013-08-23 17:57:07 +0000
+++ src/callproc.c      2013-10-31 16:57:18 +0000
@@ -1612,14 +1612,14 @@ init_callproc (void)
       Lisp_Object tem, tem1, srcdir;
 
       srcdir = Fexpand_file_name (build_string ("../src/"),
-                                 build_string (PATH_DUMPLOADSEARCH));
+                                 build_unibyte_string (PATH_DUMPLOADSEARCH));
       tem = Fexpand_file_name (build_string ("GNU"), Vdata_directory);
       tem1 = Ffile_exists_p (tem);
       if (!NILP (Fequal (srcdir, Vinvocation_directory)) || NILP (tem1))
        {
          Lisp_Object newdir;
          newdir = Fexpand_file_name (build_string ("../etc/"),
-                                     build_string (PATH_DUMPLOADSEARCH));
+                                     build_unibyte_string 
(PATH_DUMPLOADSEARCH));
          tem = Fexpand_file_name (build_string ("GNU"), newdir);
          tem1 = Ffile_exists_p (tem);
          if (!NILP (tem1))
@@ -1646,7 +1646,7 @@ init_callproc (void)
 #ifdef DOS_NT
   Vshared_game_score_directory = Qnil;
 #else
-  Vshared_game_score_directory = build_string (PATH_GAME);
+  Vshared_game_score_directory = build_unibyte_string (PATH_GAME);
   if (NILP (Ffile_accessible_directory_p (Vshared_game_score_directory)))
     Vshared_game_score_directory = Qnil;
 #endif

=== modified file 'src/coding.h'
--- src/coding.h        2013-10-08 06:40:09 +0000
+++ src/coding.h        2013-10-31 16:57:18 +0000
@@ -670,14 +670,16 @@ struct coding_system
     (code) = (s1 << 8) | s2;                           \
   } while (0)
 
-/* Encode the file name NAME using the specified coding system
-   for file names, if any.  */
-#define ENCODE_FILE(name)                                                 \
-  (! NILP (Vfile_name_coding_system)                                      \
-   ? code_convert_string_norecord (name, Vfile_name_coding_system, 1)     \
-   : (! NILP (Vdefault_file_name_coding_system)                                
   \
-      ? code_convert_string_norecord (name, Vdefault_file_name_coding_system, 
1) \
-      : name))
+/* Encode the file name NAME using the specified coding system for
+   file names, if any.  If NAME is a unibyte string, return NAME.  */
+#define ENCODE_FILE(name)                                              \
+    (! STRING_MULTIBYTE (name)                                         \
+     ? name                                                            \
+     : (! NILP (Vfile_name_coding_system)                              \
+       ? code_convert_string_norecord (name, Vfile_name_coding_system, 1) \
+       : (! NILP (Vdefault_file_name_coding_system)                    \
+          ? code_convert_string_norecord (name, 
Vdefault_file_name_coding_system, 1) \
+          : name)))
 
 
 /* Decode the file name NAME using the specified coding system

=== modified file 'src/emacs.c'
--- src/emacs.c 2013-10-31 08:32:42 +0000
+++ src/emacs.c 2013-10-31 17:03:39 +0000
@@ -396,7 +396,7 @@ init_cmdargs (int argc, char **argv, int
   initial_argv = argv;
   initial_argc = argc;
 
-  raw_name = build_string (argv[0]);
+  raw_name = build_unibyte_string (argv[0]);
 
   /* Add /: to the front of the name
      if it would otherwise be treated as magic.  */
@@ -430,7 +430,9 @@ init_cmdargs (int argc, char **argv, int
     /* Emacs was started with relative path, like ./emacs.
        Make it absolute.  */
     {
-      Lisp_Object odir = original_pwd ? build_string (original_pwd) : Qnil;
+      Lisp_Object odir =
+       original_pwd ? build_unibyte_string (original_pwd) : Qnil;
+
       Vinvocation_directory = Fexpand_file_name (Vinvocation_directory, odir);
     }
 
@@ -2204,7 +2206,7 @@ decode_env_path (const char *evarname, c
       p = strchr (path, SEPCHAR);
       if (!p)
        p = path + strlen (path);
-      element = (p - path ? make_string (path, p - path)
+      element = (p - path ? make_unibyte_string (path, p - path)
                 : build_string ("."));
 #ifdef WINDOWSNT
       /* Relative file names in the default path are interpreted as
@@ -2214,7 +2216,7 @@ decode_env_path (const char *evarname, c
        element = Fexpand_file_name (Fsubstring (element,
                                                 make_number (emacs_dir_len),
                                                 Qnil),
-                                    build_string (emacs_dir));
+                                    build_unibyte_string (emacs_dir));
 #endif
 
       /* Add /: to the front of the name

=== modified file 'src/fileio.c'
--- src/fileio.c        2013-10-17 06:42:21 +0000
+++ src/fileio.c        2013-10-31 16:57:18 +0000
@@ -732,8 +732,8 @@ static unsigned make_temp_name_count, ma
 Lisp_Object
 make_temp_name (Lisp_Object prefix, bool base64_p)
 {
-  Lisp_Object val;
-  int len, clen;
+  Lisp_Object val, encoded_prefix;
+  int len;
   printmax_t pid;
   char *p, *data;
   char pidbuf[INT_BUFSIZE_BOUND (printmax_t)];
@@ -767,12 +767,11 @@ make_temp_name (Lisp_Object prefix, bool
 #endif
     }
 
-  len = SBYTES (prefix); clen = SCHARS (prefix);
-  val = make_uninit_multibyte_string (clen + 3 + pidlen, len + 3 + pidlen);
-  if (!STRING_MULTIBYTE (prefix))
-    STRING_SET_UNIBYTE (val);
+  encoded_prefix = ENCODE_FILE (prefix);
+  len = SBYTES (encoded_prefix);
+  val = make_uninit_string (len + 3 + pidlen);
   data = SSDATA (val);
-  memcpy (data, SSDATA (prefix), len);
+  memcpy (data, SSDATA (encoded_prefix), len);
   p = data + len;
 
   memcpy (p, pidbuf, pidlen);
@@ -810,7 +809,7 @@ make_temp_name (Lisp_Object prefix, bool
        {
          /* We want to return only if errno is ENOENT.  */
          if (errno == ENOENT)
-           return val;
+           return DECODE_FILE (val);
          else
            /* The error here is dubious, but there is little else we
               can do.  The alternatives are to return nil, which is
@@ -987,7 +986,26 @@ filesystem tree, not (expand-file-name "
   if (multibyte != STRING_MULTIBYTE (default_directory))
     {
       if (multibyte)
-       default_directory = string_to_multibyte (default_directory);
+       {
+         unsigned char *p = SDATA (name);
+
+         while (*p && ASCII_BYTE_P (*p))
+           p++;
+         if (*p == '\0')
+           {
+             /* NAME is a pure ASCII string, and DEFAULT_DIRECTORY is
+                unibyte.  Do not convert DEFAULT_DIRECTORY to
+                multibyte; instead, convert NAME to a unibyte string,
+                so that the result of this function is also a unibyte
+                string.  This is needed during bootstraping and
+                dumping, when Emacs cannot decode file names, because
+                the locale environment is not set up.  */
+             name = make_unibyte_string (SSDATA (name), SBYTES (name));
+             multibyte = 0;
+           }
+         else
+           default_directory = string_to_multibyte (default_directory);
+       }
       else
        {
          name = string_to_multibyte (name);

=== modified file 'src/lread.c'
--- src/lread.c 2013-09-26 03:46:47 +0000
+++ src/lread.c 2013-10-31 16:57:18 +0000
@@ -1500,7 +1500,8 @@ openp (Lisp_Object path, Lisp_Object str
       for (tail = NILP (suffixes) ? list1 (empty_unibyte_string) : suffixes;
           CONSP (tail); tail = XCDR (tail))
        {
-         ptrdiff_t fnlen, lsuffix = SBYTES (XCAR (tail));
+         Lisp_Object suffix = XCAR (tail);
+         ptrdiff_t fnlen, lsuffix = SBYTES (suffix);
          Lisp_Object handler;
 
          /* Concatenate path element/specified name with the suffix.
@@ -1511,7 +1512,7 @@ openp (Lisp_Object path, Lisp_Object str
                           ? 2 : 0);
          fnlen = SBYTES (filename) - prefixlen;
          memcpy (fn, SDATA (filename) + prefixlen, fnlen);
-         memcpy (fn + fnlen, SDATA (XCAR (tail)), lsuffix + 1);
+         memcpy (fn + fnlen, SDATA (suffix), lsuffix + 1);
          fnlen += lsuffix;
          /* Check that the file exists and is not a directory.  */
          /* We used to only check for handlers on non-absolute file names:
@@ -1521,7 +1522,18 @@ openp (Lisp_Object path, Lisp_Object str
                  handler = Ffind_file_name_handler (filename, Qfile_exists_p);
             It's not clear why that was the case and it breaks things like
             (load "/bar.el") where the file is actually "/bar.el.gz".  */
-         string = make_string (fn, fnlen);
+         /* make_string has its own ideas on when to return a unibyte
+            string and when a multibyte string, but we know better.
+            We must have a unibyte string when dumping, since
+            file-name encoding is shaky at best at that time, and in
+            particular default-file-name-coding-system is reset
+            several times during loadup.  We therefore don't want to
+            encode the file before passing it to file I/O library
+            functions.  */
+         if (!STRING_MULTIBYTE (filename) && !STRING_MULTIBYTE (suffix))
+           string = make_unibyte_string (fn, fnlen);
+         else
+           string = make_string (fn, fnlen);
          handler = Ffind_file_name_handler (string, Qfile_exists_p);
          if ((!NILP (handler) || !NILP (predicate)) && !NATNUMP (predicate))
             {

=== modified file 'src/xdisp.c'
--- src/xdisp.c 2013-10-29 16:11:50 +0000
+++ src/xdisp.c 2013-10-31 16:57:18 +0000
@@ -9728,7 +9728,11 @@ message3_nolog (Lisp_Object m)
        putc ('\n', stderr);
       noninteractive_need_newline = 0;
       if (STRINGP (m))
-       fwrite (SDATA (m), SBYTES (m), 1, stderr);
+       {
+         Lisp_Object s = ENCODE_SYSTEM (m);
+
+         fwrite (SDATA (s), SBYTES (s), 1, stderr);
+       }
       if (cursor_in_echo_area == 0)
        fprintf (stderr, "\n");
       fflush (stderr);
@@ -9803,13 +9807,19 @@ message_with_string (const char *m, Lisp
     {
       if (m)
        {
+         /* ENCODE_SYSTEM below can GC and/or relocate the Lisp
+            String whose data pointer might be passed to us in M.  So
+            we use a local copy.  */
+         char *fmt = xstrdup (m);
+
          if (noninteractive_need_newline)
            putc ('\n', stderr);
          noninteractive_need_newline = 0;
-         fprintf (stderr, m, SDATA (string));
+         fprintf (stderr, fmt, SDATA (ENCODE_SYSTEM (string)));
          if (!cursor_in_echo_area)
            fprintf (stderr, "\n");
          fflush (stderr);
+         xfree (fmt);
        }
     }
   else if (INTERACTIVE)






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