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Re: ObjC additions (Was: Re: PROPOSAL: Objective-C++)


From: Ziemowit Laski
Subject: Re: ObjC additions (Was: Re: PROPOSAL: Objective-C++)
Date: Mon, 19 Nov 2001 14:53:04 -0800

I've been working with ObjC/ObjC++ for almost a year now, and the thing I
miss the most is the ability to instantiate ObjC classes or the stack
or in file scope, a la C++.  As I understand it, though, this may not
be possible to accomplish since 'alloc...' is not always cleanly
separated from 'init...' in many class implementations.  Also, some
clever syntax for initializing such objects would have to be invented.

ObjC++ offers a workaround (of sorts) for this -- one can wrap ObjC
objects in C++ smart pointers.

--Zem

On Monday, November 19, 2001, at 02:45 , Ovidiu Predescu wrote:

On Mon, 19 Nov 2001 22:52:57 +0100, Stefan Urbanek <address@hidden> wrote:

Kim Shrier wrote:

Ovidiu Predescu wrote:
I think
David's hate of NS*-ism is irrelevant here, as we are talking about
the language and the runtime system.


About a year ago, I was about 50% through adding support for protocols
to the POC.  David Stes raised such an objection to it that I stopped
work.  This is one of the NS*-ism's that David dislikes and it looks
to me like it would have a direct influence on the language and the
runtime system.

Hm, interesting... I didn't know of that.

There are many neat things in POC that are quite
interesting, like blocks for example.

I agree.  I would like to see blocks in the GNU Objective C compiler.


Me too. And, what also about literal objects like arrays or numbers?

Yes, this is another thing which comes up quite often in the
improvements list for ObjC.

        ConstantArray *array = @array(@"Item 1", @"Item 2");
or:
        array = @(@"Item 1", @"Item 2");

And numbers:
        ConstantNumber *value = @value(1);
or
        ConstantNumber *intValue    = @1;
        ConstantNumber *doubleValue = @1.0;

And even dictionaries:
        ConstantDictionary *dict = @{@"Key" = @"Value"};

Since such containers can contain only objects, maybe we can get rid
of intra @ characters, and have only the external @ char? Like this:

        array = @("Item 1", "Item 2");

Some default classes should be used like ConstantArray,
ConstantNumber, and it should be redefined by some gcc option, like
now there is -fconstant-string-class. Then, for example,
ConstantNumber can be subclass of NSValue. Imagine, then you would
be able to write:

        [dictionary setObject:@12.0 forValue:@"Size"];

Just an idea. I think, it can be userful.

What do you thing about it?

How is it difficult to have something like this?

It should not be too difficult to implement it.

Anyways, going back to the list of improvements to the language, we
should probably come up with a list of things that could be added to
the language. Here's a first stab at such a list:

1. Exception handling. I'm thinking specifically of something along
the lines of the Java exception handling, with its very useful
"finally" block. We need to consider how this would fit into the
current OpenStep/Cocoa exception handling, and also how it integrates
with the C++ model. From an implementation point of view, we can
probably reuse the current exception handling infrastructure from C++.

2. Class variables. A "must add" in my opinion, as the current way of
defining them using static variables is far from being acceptable.

3. Blocks, as described by Brad Cox.

4. Syntactic sugars for constant property objects.

Of course, the new features we add to the language should not impact
the existing programs, which should continue to compile and run
correctly.

Any other thoughts on other useful things?

Regards,
--
Ovidiu Predescu <address@hidden>
http://orion.rgv.hp.com/ (inside HP's firewall only)
http://sourceforge.net/users/ovidiu/ (my SourceForge page)
http://www.geocities.com/SiliconValley/Monitor/7464/ (GNU, Emacs, other stuff)


--------------------------------------------------------------
Ziemowit Laski                   Apple Computer, Inc.
address@hidden                 2 Infinite Loop, MS 302-4SN
+1.408.974.6229  Fax .1344       Cupertino, CA  95014-2085




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