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Re: css-mode

From: Stefan Monnier
Subject: Re: css-mode
Date: Fri, 20 Jan 2006 21:55:41 -0500
User-agent: Gnus/5.11 (Gnus v5.11) Emacs/22.0.50 (gnu/linux)

> And I wanted M-q to do the right thing.  I currently don't fill
> comments correctly, and highlighting for non-trivial selectors doesn't
> always work.

M-q was a good idea, so I added a similar feature to mine.


;;; css-mode.el --- Major mode to edit CSS files

;; Copyright (C) 2006  Free Software Foundation, Inc.

;; Author: Stefan Monnier <address@hidden>
;; Keywords: hypermedia

;; This file is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
;; it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
;; the Free Software Foundation; either version 2, or (at your option)
;; any later version.

;; This file is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
;; but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
;; GNU General Public License for more details.

;; You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
;; along with GNU Emacs; see the file COPYING.  If not, write to
;; the Free Software Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin Street, Fifth Floor,
;; Boston, MA 02110-1301, USA.

;;; Commentary:

;; Yet another CSS mode.

;;; Todo:

;; - electric ; and }
;; - filling code with auto-fill-mode
;; - completion
;; - fix font-lock errors with multi-line selectors

;;; Code:

(defun css-extract-keyword-list (res)
    (url-insert-file-contents "http://www.w3.org/TR/REC-CSS2/css2.txt";)
    (goto-char (point-max))
    (search-backward "Appendix H. Index")
    (delete-region (point-min) (point))
    (let ((result nil)
      (dolist (re res)
        (goto-char (point-min))
        (setq keys nil)
        (while (re-search-forward (cdr re) nil t)
          (push (match-string 1) keys))
        (push (cons (car re) (sort keys 'string-lessp)) result))
      (nreverse result))))

;; Extraction was done with:
;; (css-extract-keyword-list
;;  '((pseudo . "^ +\\* :\\([^ \n,]+\\)")
;;    (at . "^ +\\* @\\([^ \n,]+\\)")
;;    (descriptor . "^ +\\* '\\([^ '\n]+\\)' (descriptor)")
;;    (media . "^ +\\* '\\([^ '\n]+\\)' media group")
;;    (property . "^ +\\* '\\([^ '\n]+\\)',")))

(defconst css-pseudo-ids
  '("active" "after" "before" "first" "first-child" "first-letter" "first-line"
    "focus" "hover" "lang" "left" "link" "right" "visited")
  "Identifiers for pseudo-elements and pseudo-classes.")

(defconst css-at-ids
  '("charset" "font-face" "import" "media" "page")
  "Identifiers that appear in the form @foo.")

(defconst css-descriptor-ids
  '("ascent" "baseline" "bbox" "cap-height" "centerline" "definition-src"
    "descent" "font-family" "font-size" "font-stretch" "font-style"
    "font-variant" "font-weight" "mathline" "panose-1" "slope" "src" "stemh"
    "stemv" "topline" "unicode-range" "units-per-em" "widths" "x-height")
  "Identifiers for font descriptors.")

(defconst css-media-ids
  '("all" "aural" "bitmap" "continuous" "grid" "paged" "static" "tactile"
  "Identifiers for types of media.")

(defconst css-property-ids
  '("azimuth" "background" "background-attachment" "background-color"
    "background-image" "background-position" "background-repeat" "block"
    "border" "border-bottom" "border-bottom-color" "border-bottom-style"
    "border-bottom-width" "border-collapse" "border-color" "border-left"
    "border-left-color" "border-left-style" "border-left-width" "border-right"
    "border-right-color" "border-right-style" "border-right-width"
    "border-spacing" "border-style" "border-top" "border-top-color"
    "border-top-style" "border-top-width" "border-width" "bottom"
    "caption-side" "clear" "clip" "color" "compact" "content"
    "counter-increment" "counter-reset" "cue" "cue-after" "cue-before"
    "cursor" "dashed" "direction" "display" "dotted" "double" "elevation"
    "empty-cells" "float" "font" "font-family" "font-size" "font-size-adjust"
    "font-stretch" "font-style" "font-variant" "font-weight" "groove" "height"
    "hidden" "inline" "inline-table" "inset" "left" "letter-spacing"
    "line-height" "list-item" "list-style" "list-style-image"
    "list-style-position" "list-style-type" "margin" "margin-bottom"
    "margin-left" "margin-right" "margin-top" "marker-offset" "marks"
    "max-height" "max-width" "min-height" "min-width" "orphans" "outline"
    "outline-color" "outline-style" "outline-width" "outset" "overflow"
    "padding" "padding-bottom" "padding-left" "padding-right" "padding-top"
    "page" "page-break-after" "page-break-before" "page-break-inside" "pause"
    "pause-after" "pause-before" "pitch" "pitch-range" "play-during" "position"
    "quotes" "richness" "ridge" "right" "run-in" "size" "solid" "speak"
    "speak-header" "speak-numeral" "speak-punctuation" "speech-rate" "stress"
    "table" "table-caption" "table-cell" "table-column" "table-column-group"
    "table-footer-group" "table-header-group" "table-layout" "table-row"
    "table-row-group" "text-align" "text-decoration" "text-indent"
    "text-shadow" "text-transform" "top" "unicode-bidi" "vertical-align"
    "visibility" "voice-family" "volume" "white-space" "widows" "width"
    "word-spacing" "z-index")
  "Identifiers for properties.")

(defcustom css-electrick-keys '(?\} ?\;) ;; '()
  "Self inserting keys which should trigger re-indentation."
  :type '(repeat character)
  :options '((?\} ?\;)))

(defvar css-mode-syntax-table
  (let ((st (make-syntax-table)))
    ;; C-style comments.
    (modify-syntax-entry ?/ ". 14" st)
    (modify-syntax-entry ?* ". 23" st)
    ;; Strings.
    (modify-syntax-entry ?\" "\"" st)
    (modify-syntax-entry ?\' "\"" st)
    ;; Blocks.
    (modify-syntax-entry ?\{ "(}" st)
    (modify-syntax-entry ?\} "){" st)
    ;; Args in url(...) thingies and other "function calls".
    (modify-syntax-entry ?\( "()" st)
    (modify-syntax-entry ?\) ")(" st)
    ;; To match attributes in selectors.
    (modify-syntax-entry ?\[ "(]" st)
    (modify-syntax-entry ?\] ")[" st)
    ;; Special chars that sometimes come at the beginning of words.
    (modify-syntax-entry ?@ "'" st)
    ;; (modify-syntax-entry ?: "'" st)
    (modify-syntax-entry ?# "'" st)
    ;; Distinction between words and symbols.
    (modify-syntax-entry ?- "_" st)

(defconst css-escapes-re
  "\\\\\\(?:[^\000-\037\177]\\|[0-9a-fA-F]+[ \n\t\r\f]?\\)")
(defconst css-nmchar-re (concat "\\(?:[-[:alnum:]]\\|" css-escapes-re "\\)"))
(defconst css-nmstart-re (concat "\\(?:[[:alpha:]]\\|" css-escapes-re "\\)"))
(defconst css-ident-re (concat css-nmstart-re css-nmchar-re "*"))
(defconst css-name-re (concat css-nmchar-re "+"))

(defface css-selector '((t :inherit font-lock-function-name-face))
  "Face to use for selectors.")
(defface css-property '((t :inherit font-lock-variable-name-face))
  "Face to use for properties.")

(defvar css-font-lock-keywords
  `(("!\\s-*important" . font-lock-builtin-face)
    ;; Atrules keywords.  IDs not in css-at-ids are valid (ignored).
    (,(concat "@" css-ident-re) . font-lock-builtin-face)
    ;; Selectors.
    (,(concat "^\\([ \t]*[^:{\n]+\\(?::" (regexp-opt css-pseudo-ids t)
              "\\(([^)]+)\\)?[^:{\n]+\\)*\\){") (1 'css-selector))
    ;; Properties.  Again, we don't limit ourselves to css-property-ids.
    (,(concat "\\(?:[{;]\\|^\\)[ \t]*\\(" css-ident-re "\\)\\s-*:")
     (1 'css-property))))

(defvar css-font-lock-defaults
  '(css-font-lock-keywords nil t))

(unless (fboundp 'prog-mode) (defalias 'prog-mode 'fundamental-mode))

;;;###autoload (add-to-list 'auto-mode-alist '("\\.css\\'" . css-mode))
(define-derived-mode css-mode prog-mode "CSS"
  "Major mode to edit Cascading Style Sheets."
  (set (make-local-variable 'font-lock-defaults) css-font-lock-defaults)
  (set (make-local-variable 'comment-start) "/*")
  (set (make-local-variable 'comment-start-skip) "/\\*+[ \t]*")
  (set (make-local-variable 'comment-end) "*/")
  (set (make-local-variable 'comment-end-skip) "[ \t]*\\*+/")
  (set (make-local-variable 'forward-sexp-function) 'css-forward-sexp)
  (set (make-local-variable 'indent-line-function) 'css-indent-line)
  (set (make-local-variable 'fill-paragraph-function)
  (when css-electrick-keys
    (let ((fc (make-char-table 'auto-fill-chars)))
      (set-char-table-parent fc auto-fill-chars)
      (dolist (c css-electrick-keys)
        (aset fc c 'indent-according-to-mode))
      (set (make-local-variable 'auto-fill-chars) fc))))

(defun css-fill-paragraph (&optional justify)
    (let ((ppss (syntax-ppss))
          (eol (line-end-position)))
       ((and (nth 4 ppss)
               (goto-char (nth 8 ppss))
               (forward-comment 1)
               (prog1 (not (bolp))
                 (setq eol (point)))))
        ;; Filling inside a comment whose comment-end marker is not \n.
        ;; This code is meant to be generic, so that it works not only for
        ;; css-mode but for all modes.
          (narrow-to-region (nth 8 ppss) eol)
          (let ((fill-paragraph-function nil)
                 (if (and comment-continue
                          (string-match "[^ \t]" comment-continue))
                     (concat "\\(?:[ \t]*" (regexp-quote comment-continue)
                             "\\)?\\(?:" paragraph-separate "\\)")
                 (if (and comment-continue
                          (string-match "[^ \t]" comment-continue))
                     (concat "\\(?:[ \t]*" (regexp-quote comment-continue)
                             "\\)?\\(?:" paragraph-start "\\)")
            (fill-paragraph justify)
            ;; Don't try filling again.
       ((and (null (nth 8 ppss))
             (or (nth 1 ppss)
                 (and (ignore-errors
                        (down-list 1)
                        (when (<= (point) eol)
                          (setq ppss (syntax-ppss)))))))
        (goto-char (nth 1 ppss))
        (let ((end (save-excursion
                     (ignore-errors (forward-sexp 1) (copy-marker (point) t)))))
          (when end
            (while (re-search-forward "[{;}]" end t)
               ;; This is a false positive inside a string or comment.
               ((nth 8 (syntax-ppss)) nil)
               ((eq (char-before) ?\})
                  (forward-char -1)
                  (skip-chars-backward " \t")
                  (unless (bolp) (newline))))
                      (setq eol (line-end-position))
                      (and (forward-comment 1)
                           (> (point) eol)
                           ;; A multi-line comment should be on its own line.
                           (save-excursion (forward-comment -1)
                                           (when (< (point) eol)
                (if (< (point) eol) (newline)))))
            (goto-char (nth 1 ppss))
            (indent-region (line-beginning-position 2) end)
            ;; Don't use the default filling code.

;;; Navigation and indentation.

(defconst css-navigation-syntax-table
  (let ((st (make-syntax-table css-mode-syntax-table)))
    (map-char-table (lambda (c v)
                      ;; Turn punctuation (code = 1) into symbol (code = 1).
                      (if (eq (car-safe v) 1)
                          (aset st c (cons 3 (cdr v)))))

(defun css-backward-sexp (n)
  (let ((forward-sexp-function nil))
    (if (< n 0) (css-forward-sexp (- n))
      (while (> n 0)
        (setq n (1- n))
        (forward-comment (- (point-max)))
        (if (not (eq (char-before) ?\;))
            (backward-sexp 1)
          (while (progn (backward-sexp 1)
                          (forward-comment (- (point-max)))
                          ;; FIXME: We should also skip punctuation.
                          (not (memq (char-before) '(?\; ?\{)))))))))))

(defun css-forward-sexp (n)
  (let ((forward-sexp-function nil))
    (if (< n 0) (css-backward-sexp (- n))
      (while (> n 0)
        (setq n (1- n))
        (forward-comment (point-max))
        (if (not (eq (char-after) ?\;))
            (forward-sexp 1)
          (while (progn (forward-sexp 1)
                          (forward-comment (point-max))
                          ;; FIXME: We should also skip punctuation.
                          (not (memq (char-after) '(?\; ?\})))))))))))

(defun css-indent-calculate-virtual ()
  (if (or (save-excursion (skip-chars-backward " \t") (bolp))
          (if (looking-at "\\s(")
                (forward-char 1) (skip-chars-forward " \t") (not (eolp)))))

(defcustom css-indent-offset 4
  "Basic size of one indentation step."
  :type 'integer)

(defun css-indent-calculate ()
  (let ((ppss (syntax-ppss))
    (with-syntax-table css-navigation-syntax-table
         ;; Inside a string.
         ((nth 3 ppss) 'noindent)
         ;; Inside a comment.
         ((nth 4 ppss)
          (setq pos (point))
          (forward-line -1)
          (skip-chars-forward " \t")
          (if (>= (nth 8 ppss) (point))
                (goto-char (nth 8 ppss))
                (if (eq (char-after pos) ?*)
                    (forward-char 1)
                  (if (not (looking-at comment-start-skip))
                      (error "Internal css-mode error")
                    (goto-char (match-end 0))))
            (if (and (eq (char-after pos) ?*) (eq (char-after) ?*))
              ;; 'noindent
         ;; In normal code.
           (when (looking-at "\\s)")
             (forward-char 1)
             (backward-sexp 1)
           (when (looking-at comment-start-skip)
             (forward-comment (point-max))
           (when (save-excursion (forward-comment (- (point-max)))
                                 (setq pos (point))
                                 (eq (char-syntax (preceding-char)) ?\())
             (goto-char (1- pos))
             (if (not (looking-at "\\s([ \t]*"))
                 (error "Internal css-mode error")
               (if (memq (char-after (match-end 0)) '(?\n nil))
                   (+ (css-indent-calculate-virtual) css-indent-offset)
                 (progn (goto-char (match-end 0)) (current-column)))))
             (css-backward-sexp 1)
             (if (looking-at "\\s(")

(defun css-indent-line ()
  "Indent current line according to CSS indentation rules."
  (let* ((savep (point))
         (forward-sexp-function nil)
         (indent (condition-case nil
                       (forward-line 0)
                       (skip-chars-forward " \t")
                       (if (>= (point) savep) (setq savep nil))
                   (error nil))))
    (if (not (numberp indent)) 'noindent
      (if savep
          (save-excursion (indent-line-to indent))
        (indent-line-to indent)))))

(provide 'css-mode)
;; arch-tag: b4d8b8e2-b130-4e74-b3aa-cd8f1ab659d0
;;; css-mode.el ends here

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