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Re: [gforth] Tutorial - Memory Section - 3 issues

From: Carsten Strotmann (private)
Subject: Re: [gforth] Tutorial - Memory Section - 3 issues
Date: Sun, 07 Mar 2010 19:00:49 +0100
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Hello Terrence,

On 3/7/10 6:50 PM, Terrence Brannon wrote:
> Re: 
> Issue One -  CREATE does not push an address onto the stack, yet ALLOT
> seems to know where to start allocating cells...
> We read:
> """
>  create v2 20 cells allot
>      v2 20 cells dump
> creates a word v2 and reserves 20 uninitialized cells; the address
> pushed by v2 points to the start of these 20 cells.
> """
> ... it says "address pushed by v2" but create does not push an address
> (at least not onto the data stack), so how does alloc find the address
> that was assigned to v2?

right, the word "create" does not push an address, but the word created
by CREATE, named "v2" in this example, does, that is what the sentence
tries to document. I'm not an native english speaker, so there might be
a better, unambigous way to describe the behavior.

ALLOT allocates memory from the dictionary. The current memory address
of the next free memory location in the dictionary can be pushed to the
stack with HERE.

> Issue Two - It is a fact that both VARIABLE and CREATE create words
> which are simply the address of a memory location.

CREATE just creates a word header that will push it's address on the
stack, while VARIABLE creates a word header AND reserved enough space to
hold the variable.

VARIABLE can be implemented as


> However, the docs confuse this fact, by stating that VARIABLE creates
> global variables while CREATE creates a word.

But that it what it does.

> I dont think it helps a beginner to use the term global variable and
> word interchangeably. Because they start thinking there are two
> different programmatic constructs when they are not.
> Issue Three - How does VARIABLE differ from CREATE?

see above. The small but important difference is the memory allocation
of one cell size "1 CELLS ALLOT"


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