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Re: does NSLog take ownership of the NSString it is given?

From: Dan Hitt
Subject: Re: does NSLog take ownership of the NSString it is given?
Date: 15 Jun 2003 06:42:03 -0400

Hi Richard,

Thanks very much for your reply, which to summarize for reference
is that a NSString returned by the class method +stringWithFormat:
is owned by an autorelease pool (not me, so i can't free it).

I guess the next question has to be where that pool comes from,
and when it is released.  (I can't help but notice that typically
in main() in these GNUstep programs an NSAutoreleasePool is
created and then released, but i don't see it referred to (?).)

Thanks again for your response, which of course makes string
handling much more comprehensible (except for the uncertainty
of when the pool is emptied).


In article <address@hidden>,
Richard Frith-Macdonald  <address@hidden> wrote:
>On Sunday, June 15, 2003, at 12:37  am, Dan Hitt wrote:
>> I get the impression that NSLog() RELEASEs the NSStrings
>> it is given.  Is this true?
>> For example, if i code
>>   NSString *message=[NSString stringWithFormat:@".... %u",3];
>>   NSLog(message);
>>   RELEASE(message);
>> then i will certainly get a segfault.
>That's because *you* are releasing the string you were given
>(which you did not own).
>> But if i either RETAIN the message before handing it to NSLog(),
>> or refrain from RELEASEing it, then i won't get a segfault.
>> However, i looked at the code in NSLog.m, and i don't see where this
>> RELEASEing could be done (e.g., in NSLogv(), for example, the argument
>> is reassigned in some, but not all, cases).
>> My understanding from the docs is that an object is created with
>> a retention count of 1---is this right?---but only deallocated when
>> the retention count hits 0.
>Yes ... there are a few normal ways to create such objects that will be
>owned by you ... using +alloc...., +new... or -copy.... and 
>Methods with other names return objects that you don't own.
>> Thanks in advance for any info, including (especially!) RTFM types,
>> especially with pointers to chapter and verse on exactly where
>> RELEASEing occurs.
>What is happening here is that you are asking the NSString class
>for a temporary string, which is owned by an autorelease pool  ...
>that's what makes it temporary.
>When the NSAutoreleasePool object which owns the temporary
>string is destroyed, the string is also destroyed (unless something
>else has retained it).

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