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Re: [Qemu-block] [Qemu-devel] Multiqueue block layer

From: Alexandre DERUMIER
Subject: Re: [Qemu-block] [Qemu-devel] Multiqueue block layer
Date: Mon, 19 Feb 2018 19:59:51 +0100 (CET)

>>Heh.  I have stopped pushing my patches (and scratched a few itches with
>>patchew instead) because I'm still a bit burned out from recent KVM
>>stuff, but this may be the injection of enthusiasm that I needed. :)

Thanks Paolo for your great work on multiqueue, that's a lot of work since the 
last years ! 

I cross my fingers for 2018, and wait for ceph rbd block driver multiqueue 
implementation :)



----- Mail original -----
De: "pbonzini" <address@hidden>
À: "Stefan Hajnoczi" <address@hidden>, "qemu-devel" <address@hidden>, 
"qemu-block" <address@hidden>
Cc: "Kevin Wolf" <address@hidden>, "Fam Zheng" <address@hidden>
Envoyé: Lundi 19 Février 2018 19:03:19
Objet: Re: [Qemu-devel] Multiqueue block layer

On 18/02/2018 19:20, Stefan Hajnoczi wrote: 
> Paolo's patches have been getting us closer to multiqueue block layer 
> support but there is a final set of changes required that has become 
> clearer to me just recently. I'm curious if this matches Paolo's 
> vision and whether anyone else has comments. 
> We need to push the AioContext lock down into BlockDriverState so that 
> thread-safety is not tied to a single AioContext but to the 
> BlockDriverState itself. We also need to audit block layer code to 
> identify places that assume everything is run from a single 
> AioContext. 

This is mostly done already. Within BlockDriverState 
dirty_bitmap_mutex, reqs_lock and the BQL is good enough in many cases. 
Drivers already have their mutex. 

> After this is done the final piece is to eliminate 
> bdrv_set_aio_context(). BlockDriverStates should not be associated 
> with an AioContext. Instead they should use whichever AioContext they 
> are invoked under. The current thread's AioContext can be fetched 
> using qemu_get_current_aio_context(). This is either the main loop 
> AioContext or an IOThread AioContext. 
> The .bdrv_attach/detach_aio_context() callbacks will no longer be 
> necessary in a world where block driver code is thread-safe and any 
> AioContext can be used. 

This is not entirely possible. In particular, network drivers still 
have a "home context" which is where the file descriptor callbacks are 
attached to. They could still dispatch I/O from any thread in a 
multiqueue setup. This is the remaining intermediate step between "no 
AioContext lock" and "multiqueue". 

> bdrv_drain_all() and friends do not require extensive modifications 
> because the bdrv_wakeup() mechanism already works properly when there 
> are multiple IOThreads involved. 

Yes, this is already done indeed. 

> Block jobs no longer need to be in the same AioContext as the 
> BlockDriverState. For simplicity we may choose to always run them in 
> the main loop AioContext by default. This may have a performance 
> impact on tight loops like bdrv_is_allocated() and the initial 
> mirroring phase, but maybe not. 
> The upshot of all this is that bdrv_set_aio_context() goes away while 
> all block driver code needs to be more aware of thread-safety. It can 
> no longer assume that everything is called from one AioContext. 


> We should optimize file-posix.c and qcow2.c for maximum parallelism 
> using fine-grained locks and other techniques. The remaining block 
> drivers can use one CoMutex per BlockDriverState. 

Even better: there is one thread pool and linux-aio context per I/O 
thread, file-posix.c should just submit I/O to the current thread with 
no locking whatsoever. There is still reqs_lock, but that can be 
optimized easily (see 
http://lists.gnu.org/archive/html/qemu-devel/2017-04/msg03323.html; now 
that we have QemuLockable, reqs_lock could also just become a QemuSpin). 

qcow2.c could be adjusted to use rwlocks. 

> I'm excited that we're relatively close to multiqueue now. I don't 
> want to jinx it by saying 2018 is the year of the multiqueue block 
> layer, but I'll say it anyway :). 

Heh. I have stopped pushing my patches (and scratched a few itches with 
patchew instead) because I'm still a bit burned out from recent KVM 
stuff, but this may be the injection of enthusiasm that I needed. :) 

Actually, I'd be content with removing the AioContext lock in the first 
half of 2018. 1/3rd of that is gone already---doh! But we're actually 
pretty close, thanks to you and all the others who have helped reviewing 
the past 100 or so patches! 


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