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Re: Automatic dependecy based compilation targets

From: Ralf Wildenhues
Subject: Re: Automatic dependecy based compilation targets
Date: Wed, 31 Jan 2007 18:38:41 +0100
User-agent: Mutt/1.5.13 (2007-01-26)

* Dizzy wrote on Wed, Jan 31, 2007 at 12:44:39PM CET:
> I would like to somehow describe a file as:
> libsocket_a_SOURCES=Socket.cpp Socket.hpp
> libconnection_a_SOURCES=Connection.cpp Connection.hpp
> libconnection_a_LIBADD=libsocket.a
> And then, if I have a sbin_PROGRAMS like
> sbin_PROGRAMS=prog1
> prog1_SOURCES=...
> prog1_LDADD=libconnection.a
> automake should generate a makefile that has targets for libsocket.a and 
> libconnection.a ONLY as needed.

Learn about EXTRA_noinst_LIBRARIES and other EXTRA_* thingies.

> But this is very complex (and redundant as one has to specify dependencies in 
> 2 places one with LIBADD/LDADD and the other with those variables to trigger 
> the dependency targets), imagine that there are hundreds of small noinst 
> libraries each with it's own dependency, thus one would need to make hundreds 
> of conditionals like that.

Instead of pushing all information through automake conditionals (which
I think is often the more readable solution), you can also just use
autoconf substitutions (i.e., set the value of some variable in
configure and AC_SUBST it); but then, you must have specified all
possibly built things in EXTRA_* variables, so automake emits rules for
them.  For example:

# All of the libraries:
EXTRA_noinst_LIBRARIES = libfoo.a libbar.a libbaz.a
libfoo_a_SOURCES = ...

# Only the ones we'll actually need:
noinst_LIBRARIES = $(myneededlibs)

if $whatever; then
  myneededlibs="$myneededlibs libbar.a"

That way you can keep the number of substituted values down, which
probably also helps keep your logic simpler.  Alternatively, you could
make just two libraries instead of many, and compute the list of
_SOURCES for them; again, remember to list all possible sources in
EXTRA_*_SOURCES.  There's more than one way to do it.

Hope that helps.


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