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Re: [PATCH 5/6] lalr1.cc: add LAC support


From: Adrian Vogelsgesang
Subject: Re: [PATCH 5/6] lalr1.cc: add LAC support
Date: Fri, 9 Aug 2019 15:18:54 +0000
User-agent: Microsoft-MacOutlook/10.10.b.190609

Hi Akim,

I see you fixed the outstanding issue regarding yylac_stack_ being a stack with 
complete symbols:

> There's an issue I had not paid attention to: you made a lac_stack_
> a fully blown stack of symbols (i.e., type, value and location).  I
> believe you only need a stack a states, the rest is useless. 

and replaced it by a std::vector. Thanks for taking care of that! :)

One minor nitpick:
I think
    +          if (yylen < lac_size)
    +            {
    +              for (size_t i = 0; i < yylen; ++i)
    +                yylac_stack_.pop_back ();
    +              yylen = 0;
    +            }
could now be written as
    +          if (yylen < lac_size)
    +            {
    +              yylac_stack_.resize(lac_size - yylen);
    +              yylen = 0;
    +            }

Didn't test it, though - so maybe I am missing something obvious.
Also, I guess/hope the compiler will optimize that out anyway.

Cheers,
Adrian


´╗┐On 09/08/2019, 13:47, "Akim Demaille" <address@hidden> wrote:

    From: Adrian Vogelsgesang <address@hidden>
    
    Implement lookahead correction (LAC) for the C++ skeleton.  LAC is a
    mechanism to make sure that we report the correct list of expected
    tokens if a syntax error occurs.  So far, LAC was only supported for
    the C skeleton "yacc.c".
    
    * data/skeletons/lalr1.cc: Add LAC support.
    * doc/bison.texi: Update.
    ---
     data/skeletons/lalr1.cc | 231 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++---
     doc/bison.texi          |   4 +-
     2 files changed, 216 insertions(+), 19 deletions(-)
    
    diff --git a/data/skeletons/lalr1.cc b/data/skeletons/lalr1.cc
    index ddee9569..37c12f7d 100644
    --- a/data/skeletons/lalr1.cc
    +++ b/data/skeletons/lalr1.cc
    @@ -20,6 +20,14 @@ m4_include(b4_skeletonsdir/[c++.m4])
     # api.value.type=variant is valid.
     m4_define([b4_value_type_setup_variant])
     
    +# Check the value of %define parse.lac, where LAC stands for lookahead
    +# correction.
    +b4_percent_define_default([[parse.lac]], [[none]])
    +b4_define_flag_if([lac])
    +m4_define([b4_lac_flag],
    +          [m4_if(b4_percent_define_get([[parse.lac]]),
    +                 [none], [[0]], [[1]])])
    +
     
     # b4_integral_parser_table_declare(TABLE-NAME, CONTENT, COMMENT)
     # --------------------------------------------------------------
    @@ -220,7 +228,18 @@ m4_define([b4_shared_declarations],
       private:
         /// This class is not copyable.
         ]b4_parser_class[ (const ]b4_parser_class[&);
    -    ]b4_parser_class[& operator= (const ]b4_parser_class[&);
    +    ]b4_parser_class[& operator= (const ]b4_parser_class[&);]b4_lac_if([[
    +
    +    /// Check the lookahead yytoken.
    +    /// \returns  true iff the token will be eventually shifted.
    +    bool yy_lac_check_ (int yytoken) const;
    +    /// Establish the initial context if no initial context currently 
exists.
    +    /// \returns  true iff the token will be eventually shifted.
    +    bool yy_lac_establish_ (int yytoken);
    +    /// Discard any previous initial lookahead context because of event.
    +    /// \param event  the event which caused the lookahead to be discarded.
    +    ///               Only used for debbuging output.
    +    void yy_lac_discard_ (const char* event);]])[
     
         /// State numbers.
         typedef int state_type;
    @@ -344,7 +363,16 @@ m4_define([b4_shared_declarations],
         typedef stack<stack_symbol_type> stack_type;
     
         /// The stack.
    -    stack_type yystack_;
    +    stack_type yystack_;]b4_lac_if([[
    +    /// The stack for LAC.
    +    /// Logically, the yy_lac_stack's lifetime is confined to the function
    +    /// yy_lac_check_. We just store it as a member of this class to hold
    +    /// on to the memory and to avoid frequent reallocations.
    +    /// Since yy_lac_check_ is const, this member must be mutable.
    +    mutable std::vector<state_type> yylac_stack_;
    +    /// Whether an initial LAC context was established.
    +    bool yy_lac_established_;
    +]])[
     
         /// Push a new state on the stack.
         /// \param m    a debug message to display
    @@ -774,7 +802,11 @@ m4_if(b4_prefix, [yy], [],
         stack_symbol_type yyerror_range[3];]])[
     
         /// The return value of parse ().
    -    int yyresult;
    +    int yyresult;]b4_lac_if([[
    +
    +    /// Discard the LAC context in case there still is one left from a
    +    /// previous invocation.
    +    yy_lac_discard_ ("init");]])[
     
     #if YY_EXCEPTIONS
         try
    @@ -843,14 +875,21 @@ b4_dollar_popdef])[]dnl
            to detect an error, take that action.  */
         yyn += yyla.type_get ();
         if (yyn < 0 || yylast_ < yyn || yycheck_[yyn] != yyla.type_get ())
    -      goto yydefault;
    +      {]b4_lac_if([[
    +        if (!yy_lac_establish_ (yyla.type_get ()))
    +           goto yyerrlab;]])[
    +        goto yydefault;
    +      }
     
         // Reduce or error.
         yyn = yytable_[yyn];
         if (yyn <= 0)
           {
             if (yy_table_value_is_error_ (yyn))
    -          goto yyerrlab;
    +          goto yyerrlab;]b4_lac_if([[
    +        if (!yy_lac_establish_ (yyla.type_get ()))
    +           goto yyerrlab;
    +]])[
             yyn = -yyn;
             goto yyreduce;
           }
    @@ -860,7 +899,8 @@ b4_dollar_popdef])[]dnl
           --yyerrstatus_;
     
         // Shift the lookahead token.
    -    yypush_ ("Shifting", yyn, YY_MOVE (yyla));
    +    yypush_ ("Shifting", yyn, YY_MOVE (yyla));]b4_lac_if([[
    +    yy_lac_discard_ ("shift");]])[
         goto yynewstate;
     
     
    @@ -1020,7 +1060,8 @@ b4_dollar_popdef])[]dnl
           yyerror_range[2].location = yyla.location;
           YYLLOC_DEFAULT (error_token.location, yyerror_range, 2);]])[
     
    -      // Shift the error token.
    +      // Shift the error token.]b4_lac_if([[
    +      yy_lac_discard_ ("error recovery");]])[
           error_token.state = yyn;
           yypush_ ("Shifting", YY_MOVE (error_token));
         }
    @@ -1085,8 +1126,148 @@ b4_dollar_popdef])[]dnl
       {
         error (]b4_join(b4_locations_if([yyexc.location]),
                         [[yyexc.what ()]])[);
    +  }]b4_lac_if([[
    +
    +  bool
    +  ]b4_parser_class[::yy_lac_check_ (int yytoken) const
    +  {
    +    // Logically, the yylac_stack's lifetime is confined to this function.
    +    // Clear it, to get rid of potential left-overs from previous call.
    +    yylac_stack_.clear ();
    +    // Reduce until we encounter a shift and thereby accept the token.
    +#if ]b4_api_PREFIX[DEBUG
    +    YYCDEBUG << "LAC: checking lookahead " << yytname_[yytoken] << ':';
    +#endif
    +    size_t lac_top = 0;
    +    while (true)
    +      {
    +        state_type top_state = (yylac_stack_.empty ()
    +                                ? yystack_[lac_top].state
    +                                : yylac_stack_.back ());
    +        int yyrule = yypact_[top_state];
    +        if (yy_pact_value_is_default_ (yyrule)
    +            || (yyrule += yytoken) < 0 || yylast_ < yyrule
    +            || yycheck_[yyrule] != yytoken)
    +          {
    +            // Use the default action.
    +            yyrule = yydefact_[top_state];
    +            if (yyrule == 0)
    +              {
    +                YYCDEBUG << " Err\n";
    +                return false;
    +              }
    +          }
    +        else
    +          {
    +            // Use the action from yytable.
    +            yyrule = yytable_[yyrule];
    +            if (yy_table_value_is_error_ (yyrule))
    +              {
    +                YYCDEBUG << " Err\n";
    +                return false;
    +              }
    +            if (0 < yyrule)
    +              {
    +                YYCDEBUG << " S" << yyrule << '\n';
    +                return true;
    +              }
    +            yyrule = -yyrule;
    +          }
    +        // By now we know we have to simulate a reduce.
    +        YYCDEBUG << " R" << yyrule - 1;
    +        // Pop the corresponding number of values from the stack.
    +        {
    +          size_t yylen = yyr2_[yyrule];
    +          // First pop from the LAC stack as many tokens as possible.
    +          size_t lac_size = yylac_stack_.size ();
    +          if (yylen < lac_size)
    +            {
    +              for (size_t i = 0; i < yylen; ++i)
    +                yylac_stack_.pop_back ();
    +              yylen = 0;
    +            }
    +          else if (lac_size)
    +            {
    +              yylac_stack_.clear ();
    +              yylen -= lac_size;
    +            }
    +          // Only aftwerwards look at the main stack.
    +          // We simulate popping elements by incrementing lac_top.
    +          lac_top += yylen;
    +        }
    +        // Keep top_state in sync with the updated stack.
    +        top_state = (yylac_stack_.empty ()
    +                     ? yystack_[lac_top].state
    +                     : yylac_stack_.back ());
    +        // Push the resulting state of the reduction.
    +        state_type state = yy_lr_goto_state_ (top_state, yyr1_[yyrule]);
    +        YYCDEBUG << " G" << state;
    +        yylac_stack_.push_back (state);
    +      }
    +  }
    +
    +  // Establish the initial context if no initial context currently exists.
    +  bool
    +  ]b4_parser_class[::yy_lac_establish_ (int yytoken)
    +  {
    +    /* Establish the initial context for the current lookahead if no 
initial
    +       context is currently established.
    +
    +       We define a context as a snapshot of the parser stacks.  We define
    +       the initial context for a lookahead as the context in which the
    +       parser initially examines that lookahead in order to select a
    +       syntactic action.  Thus, if the lookahead eventually proves
    +       syntactically unacceptable (possibly in a later context reached via 
a
    +       series of reductions), the initial context can be used to determine
    +       the exact set of tokens that would be syntactically acceptable in 
the
    +       lookahead's place.  Moreover, it is the context after which any
    +       further semantic actions would be erroneous because they would be
    +       determined by a syntactically unacceptable token.
    +
    +       yy_lac_establish_ should be invoked when a reduction is about to be
    +       performed in an inconsistent state (which, for the purposes of LAC,
    +       includes consistent states that don't know they're consistent 
because
    +       their default reductions have been disabled).
    +
    +       For parse.lac=full, the implementation of yy_lac_establish_ is as
    +       follows.  If no initial context is currently established for the
    +       current lookahead, then check if that lookahead can eventually be
    +       shifted if syntactic actions continue from the current context.  */
    +    if (!yy_lac_established_)
    +      {
    +#if ]b4_api_PREFIX[DEBUG
    +        YYCDEBUG << "LAC: initial context established for "
    +                 << yytname_[yytoken] << '\n';
    +#endif
    +        yy_lac_established_ = true;
    +        return yy_lac_check_ (yytoken);
    +      }
    +    return true;
       }
     
    +  // Discard any previous initial lookahead context.
    +  void
    +  ]b4_parser_class[::yy_lac_discard_ (const char* evt)
    +  {
    +   /* Discard any previous initial lookahead context because of Event,
    +      which may be a lookahead change or an invalidation of the currently
    +      established initial context for the current lookahead.
    +
    +      The most common example of a lookahead change is a shift.  An example
    +      of both cases is syntax error recovery.  That is, a syntax error
    +      occurs when the lookahead is syntactically erroneous for the
    +      currently established initial context, so error recovery manipulates
    +      the parser stacks to try to find a new initial context in which the
    +      current lookahead is syntactically acceptable.  If it fails to find
    +      such a context, it discards the lookahead.  */
    +    if (yy_lac_established_)
    +      {
    +        YYCDEBUG << "LAC: initial context discarded due to "
    +                 << evt << '\n';
    +        yy_lac_established_ = false;
    +      }
    +  }]])[
    +
       // Generate an error message.
       std::string
       ]b4_parser_class[::yysyntax_error_ (]dnl
    @@ -1115,24 +1296,40 @@ b4_error_verbose_if([state_type yystate, const 
symbol_type& yyla],
              a consistent state with a default action.  There might have
              been a previous inconsistent state, consistent state with a
              non-default action, or user semantic action that manipulated
    -         yyla.  (However, yyla is currently not documented for users.)
    +         yyla.  (However, yyla is currently not documented for 
users.)]b4_lac_if([[
    +         In the first two cases, it might appear that the current syntax
    +         error should have been detected in the previous state when
    +         yy_lac_check was invoked.  However, at that time, there might
    +         have been a different syntax error that discarded a different
    +         initial context during error recovery, leaving behind the
    +         current lookahead.]], [[
            - Of course, the expected token list depends on states to have
              correct lookahead information, and it depends on the parser not
              to perform extra reductions after fetching a lookahead from the
    -         scanner and before detecting a syntax error.  Thus, state
    -         merging (from LALR or IELR) and default reductions corrupt the
    -         expected token list.  However, the list is correct for
    -         canonical LR with one exception: it will still contain any
    -         token that will not be accepted due to an error action in a
    -         later state.
    +         scanner and before detecting a syntax error.  Thus, state merging
    +         (from LALR or IELR) and default reductions corrupt the expected
    +         token list.  However, the list is correct for canonical LR with
    +         one exception: it will still contain any token that will not be
    +         accepted due to an error action in a later state.]])[
         */
         if (!yyla.empty ())
           {
             int yytoken = yyla.type_get ();
    -        yyarg[yycount++] = yytname_[yytoken];
    +        yyarg[yycount++] = yytname_[yytoken];]b4_lac_if([[
    +
    +#if ]b4_api_PREFIX[DEBUG
    +        // Execute LAC once. We don't care if it is succesful, we
    +        // only do it for the sake of debugging output.
    +        if (!yy_lac_established_)
    +          yy_lac_check_ (yytoken);
    +#endif]])[
    +
             int yyn = yypact_[yystate];
             if (!yy_pact_value_is_default_ (yyn))
    -          {
    +          {]b4_lac_if([[
    +            for (int yyx = 0; yyx < yyntokens_; ++yyx)
    +              if (yyx != yyterror_ && yy_lac_check_(yyx))
    +                {]], [[
                 /* Start YYX at -YYN if negative to avoid negative indexes in
                    YYCHECK.  In other words, skip the first -YYN actions for
                    this state because they are default actions.  */
    @@ -1143,7 +1340,7 @@ b4_error_verbose_if([state_type yystate, const 
symbol_type& yyla],
                 for (int yyx = yyxbegin; yyx < yyxend; ++yyx)
                   if (yycheck_[yyx + yyn] == yyx && yyx != yyterror_
                       && !yy_table_value_is_error_ (yytable_[yyx + yyn]))
    -                {
    +                {]])[
                       if (yycount == YYERROR_VERBOSE_ARGS_MAXIMUM)
                         {
                           yycount = 1;
    diff --git a/doc/bison.texi b/doc/bison.texi
    index c0b14383..9b6981d3 100644
    --- a/doc/bison.texi
    +++ b/doc/bison.texi
    @@ -8697,7 +8697,7 @@ Enable LAC to improve syntax error handling.
     @item @code{none} (default)
     @item @code{full}
     @end itemize
    -This feature is currently only available for deterministic parsers in C.
    +This feature is currently only available for deterministic parsers in C 
and C++.
     @end deffn
     
     Conceptually, the LAC mechanism is straight-forward.  Whenever the parser
    @@ -11685,7 +11685,7 @@ location (if enabled) being @var{yylval} and 
@var{yylloc}.  Invocations of
     Note that when using variants, the interface for @code{yylex} is the same,
     but @code{yylval} is handled differently.
     
    -Regular union-based code in Lex scanner typically look like:
    +Regular union-based code in Lex scanner typically looks like:
     
     @example
     [0-9]+   @{
    -- 
    2.22.0
    
    


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