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Re: ${!variable@operator} does not work for variables without values; i


From: Chet Ramey
Subject: Re: ${!variable@operator} does not work for variables without values; inconsistencies between present and absent [@] for @A and @a
Date: Fri, 21 Feb 2020 09:37:31 -0500
User-agent: Mozilla/5.0 (Macintosh; Intel Mac OS X 10.14; rv:68.0) Gecko/20100101 Thunderbird/68.5.0

On 2/20/20 6:54 PM, Arfrever Frehtes Taifersar Arahesis wrote:
> Chet Ramey <address@hidden> 2020-02-20 21:22 UTC:
>> On 2/19/20 7:46 PM, Arfrever Frehtes Taifersar Arahesis wrote:
>>> But I am not interested in any ${!varname[@]}, but instead in applying
>>> @operator transformations.
>>
>> OK, let's see how these work.
>>
>> Given the following
>>
>> VAR2=(aaa bbb)
>> varname=VAR2
>>
>> What does
>>
>> echo ${!varname[@]@Q}
>>
>> output?
>>
>> You first have to expand `varname[@]' as an indirect reference. Since
>> varname is a scalar variable, varname[@] expands to the same thing as
>> varname, which is VAR2. Now you expand VAR2, which, since VAR2 is an
>> array variable, is the same as VAR2[0]. That gives you "aaa", so the
>> output is 'aaa'.
> 
> Your explanation is convincing for varname=VAR2 but now I would expect
> different results for varname=VAR2[@].
> 
> Current actual results:
> $ VAR2=(aaa bbb)
> $ varname="VAR2[@]"
> $ echo "${VAR2@Q}"
> 'aaa'
> $ echo "${VAR2[@]@Q}"
> 'aaa' 'bbb'
> $ echo "${!varname@Q}"
> 
> $ echo "${!varname[@]@Q}"
> 
> $
> 
> Expected results for last 2 commands:
> 
> $ echo "${!varname@Q}"
> 'aaa' 'bbb'

This is correct output, and there's a bug here.

> $ echo "${!varname[@]@Q}"
> bash: ${VAR2[@][@]@Q}: bad substitution    # This is example from
> direct usage of [@][@]

This is not; it should echo the same as the previous case, for the same
reason as I stated above (expand varname[@]; it expands to the same thing
as varname since varname is not an array variable; use the expansion to
VAR2[@]).


-- 
``The lyf so short, the craft so long to lerne.'' - Chaucer
                 ``Ars longa, vita brevis'' - Hippocrates
Chet Ramey, UTech, CWRU    address@hidden    http://tiswww.cwru.edu/~chet/



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