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bug#49239: Unexpected results with sort -V

From: Michael
Subject: bug#49239: Unexpected results with sort -V
Date: Sun, 27 Jun 2021 00:04:53 +0200

I found some unexpected results with sort -V. I hope this is the correct
place to send a bug report to [1].
They are caused by a bug in filevercmp inside gnulib, specifically in the
function match_suffix.
I assume it should, as documented, match a file ending as defined by this
regex: /(\.[A-Za-z~][A-Za-z0-9~]*)*$/
However, I found two cases where this does not happen:
1) Two consecutive dots. It is not checked if the character after a dot is
a dot. This results in nothing being matched in a case like "a..a", even
though it should match ".a" according to the regex.
Testcase: printf "a..a\na.+" | sort -V # a..a should be before a.+ I think
2) A trailing dot. If there is no additional character after a dot, it is
still matched (e.g. for "a." the . is matched).
Testcase: printf "a.\na+" | sort -V # I think a+ should be before a.

Additionally I noticed that filevercmp ignores all characters after a NULL
This can be seen here: printf "a\0a\na" | sort -Vs
sort seems to otherwise consider null bytes (that's why the --stable flag
is necessary in the above example). Is this the expected behavior?

Finally I wanted to ask if it is the expected behavior for filevercmp to do
a strcmp if it can't find another difference, at least from the perspective
of sort.
This means that the --stable flag for sort has no effect in combination
with --version-sort (well, except if the input contains NULL bytes, as
mentioned above :)

I'll attach a rather simple patch to fix 1) and 2) (including test), I hope
that's right.

Have a nice day,


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