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bug#5710: 23.1; Fatal error in format


From: Andreas Politz
Subject: bug#5710: 23.1; Fatal error in format
Date: Fri, 12 Mar 2010 14:22:44 +0100
User-agent: Gnus/5.13 (Gnus v5.13) Emacs/23.1 (gnu/linux)

Please write in English if possible, because the Emacs maintainers
usually do not have translators to read other languages for them.

Your bug report will be posted to the address@hidden mailing list,
and to the gnu.emacs.bug news group.

Please describe exactly what actions triggered the bug
and the precise symptoms of the bug:

(format "%16.s"
        "0123456789abcdef")

makes emacs abort.  This reflects the following situation in editfns.c :

total = 5 + 5 + 1 = 11
field_width = 16
precision = 0
thissize = 0
actual_width = 16

thissize += max(0,16 - 16) = 0
total += 0 + 4 = 15

I think it is clearly a mistake to substract the width of the
whole argument-string from the field_width, regardless of how
much of it will actually end up in the result, depending
on the precision mod.

That's the basis for the following patch.

diff --git a/src/editfns.c b/src/editfns.c
index c2c5d26..b1af0fc 100644
--- a/src/editfns.c
+++ b/src/editfns.c
@@ -3779,6 +3779,8 @@ usage: (format STRING &rest OBJECTS)  */)
               the case PRECISION = 0. */
            thissize = precision[n] ? CONVERTED_BYTE_SIZE (multibyte, args[n]) 
: 0;
            actual_width = lisp_string_width (args[n], -1, NULL, NULL);
+            if (precision[n] != -1)
+              actual_width = min(actual_width,precision[n]);
          }
        /* Would get MPV otherwise, since Lisp_Int's `point' to low memory.  */
        else if (INTEGERP (args[n]) && *format != 's')

If Emacs crashed, and you have the Emacs process in the gdb debugger,
please include the output from the following gdb commands:
    `bt full' and `xbacktrace'.
If you would like to further debug the crash, please read the file
/usr/share/emacs/23.1/etc/DEBUG for instructions.


In GNU Emacs 23.1.1 (x86_64-pc-linux-gnu, GTK+ Version 2.18.3)
 of 2009-11-02 on excelsior, modified by Debian
Windowing system distributor `The X.Org Foundation', version 11.0.10605000
configured using `configure  '--build=x86_64-linux-gnu' 
'--host=x86_64-linux-gnu' '--prefix=/usr' '--sharedstatedir=/var/lib' 
'--libexecdir=/usr/lib' '--localstatedir=/var/lib' '--infodir=/usr/share/info' 
'--mandir=/usr/share/man' '--with-pop=yes' 
'--enable-locallisppath=/etc/emacs23:/etc/emacs:/usr/local/share/emacs/23.1/site-lisp:/usr/local/share/emacs/site-lisp:/usr/share/emacs/23.1/site-lisp:/usr/share/emacs/site-lisp:/usr/share/emacs/23.1/leim'
 '--with-x=yes' '--with-x-toolkit=gtk' '--with-toolkit-scroll-bars' 
'build_alias=x86_64-linux-gnu' 'host_alias=x86_64-linux-gnu' 'CFLAGS=-DDEBIAN 
-g -O2' 'LDFLAGS=-g' 'CPPFLAGS=''

Important settings:
  value of $LC_ALL: C
  value of $LC_COLLATE: nil
  value of $LC_CTYPE: nil
  value of $LC_MESSAGES: nil
  value of $LC_MONETARY: nil
  value of $LC_NUMERIC: nil
  value of $LC_TIME: nil
  value of $LANG: en_US.UTF-8
  value of $XMODIFIERS: nil
  locale-coding-system: utf-8-unix
  default-enable-multibyte-characters: t

Major mode: C/l

Minor modes in effect:
  diff-auto-refine-mode: t
  shell-dirtrack-mode: t
  narrow-stack-mode: t
  easy-repeat-mode: t
  recentf-mode: t
  ido-hacks-mode: t
  window-numbering-mode: t
  show-paren-mode: t
  icomplete-mode: t
  global-hi-lock-mode: t
  hi-lock-mode: t
  display-time-mode: t
  savehist-mode: t
  tooltip-mode: t
  mouse-wheel-mode: t
  file-name-shadow-mode: t
  global-font-lock-mode: t
  font-lock-mode: t
  global-auto-composition-mode: t
  auto-composition-mode: t
  auto-encryption-mode: t
  auto-compression-mode: t
  column-number-mode: t
  line-number-mode: t
  transient-mark-mode: t
  abbrev-mode: t

Recent input:
u a l RET M-b M-s C-r C-r C-r C-r C-r C-s C-s RET C-x
o M-m M-f M-f M-f M-b C-e C-j a c t u a M-/ SPC = SPC
p r e c M-/ [ n ] SPC > SPC M-b M-b C-b C-b C-e M-m
M-d M-d C-d C-d C-d i f SPC ( C-e C-h = SPC 0 ) M-b
C-b C-h C-h ! = C-f C-d - 1 C-f C-j a c t u M-/ SPC
= SPC m i n ( a c M-/ , p r e M-/ [ n ] ) ; C-c C-c
C-p C-a C-2 M-; C-x C-g C-c C-c C-/ TAB C-n TAB C-p
M-m C-k C-k M-f M-f M-f M-f C-p M-b M-b C-k C-n M-f
M-b M-f M-f M-b C-y C-M-k C-h C-j C-f m a x ( 0 , M-f
M-f C-f C-f ) TAB C-f C-p C-p C-a C-k C-M-f C-M-f C-M-f
C-/ C-/ C-/ C-/ C-/ C-/ C-/ C-/ C-/ C-/ C-/ C-/ C-/
C-/ C-/ M-f C-M-f M-v M-v M-v M-v C-v C-n C-n C-n C-n
C-n C-n C-n C-n C-n C-n C-n C-n C-n C-n C-n C-n C-n
C-n C-n C-n C-n C-n C-n C-n C-n C-n C-n C-n C-n C-n
C-n C-v C-v C-s t h i s C-s C-s C-s RET C-r f i e l
d RET C-v C-v C-v M-v C-/ C-f C-/ C-x v C-. C-x 1 C-,
C-, C-x b <return> C-x v C-. C-x v = y M-: M-p M-f
M-f C-b . 1 <return> M-: M-p ( l e n d t h C-h C-h
C-h g t h SPC C-e ) <return> M-1 M-x b u g p r e <backspace>
C-g M-x e m a c s - b u <return>

Recent messages:
Auto-saving...done
Redo! [2 times]
Type "q" to restore this window.
Type C-x 1 to delete the help window.
Buffer editfns.c modified; save it? (y or n)
Saving file /home/politza/src/emacs23/src/editfns.c...
Wrote /home/politza/src/emacs23/src/editfns.c
Finding changes in /home/politza/src/emacs23/src/editfns.c...done
"                   H"
20 (#o24, #x14)
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