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bug#6869: Octave mode: incorrect "unbalanced block" warning

From: Sprague, Webb (OFM)
Subject: bug#6869: Octave mode: incorrect "unbalanced block" warning
Date: Tue, 17 Aug 2010 08:34:35 -0700

Hi Stefan.  See below...
> It's a bug in octave's indentation code, indeed.  It gets confused by
> the "end" in the following line:
> >   x = data(:,2:end);

Oh -- that makes sense.

> I don't know Octave much, as it so happens but I've recently been
> playing with a new indentation code for Octave (using SMIE), so I'm
> interested in fixing it.  Could you explain to me what is this "end"
> (and more generally what the "data(:,2:end)" means: all I can guess is
> that it's an array indexing of some sort).

There are two uses for "end" that are pretty different:

  1. Closing blocks (e.g. "if x==1 y=3 end")

  2. Indexing arrays. Here "end" is evaluated to give the length of a
dimension in the array. For example  if x=[2 3 4 5], then x(end) == 5,
x(end-1) == 4, etc.  

Note that ":" means all elements when evaluated as an index, and "x:y"
gives the vector of elements between x and y, and "3:end" means [3 4 5
... end] where end is the max index.  So, "data(:,2:end)" means all the
rows of data (the first ":") and the columns from 2 to the end.

Does that make sense?
If you really want to learn octave and don't have much experience with
matlab I would suggest Attaway's book on matlab.  Octave tracks it
pretty closely.

Thanks so much for dealing with this!  I sort of have my hands full, and
emacs indentation code just freaks me out ;)

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