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bug#10598: 24.0.92; run dired-do-async-shell-command on multiple files i

From: Juri Linkov
Subject: bug#10598: 24.0.92; run dired-do-async-shell-command on multiple files individually
Date: Sun, 15 Jul 2012 11:29:17 +0300
User-agent: Gnus/5.13 (Gnus v5.13) Emacs/24.1.50 (x86_64-pc-linux-gnu)

> Currently the COMMAND arg knows three special characters, *. ?, and
> &. How about a fourth character ";"? More specifically:
>  & means: run asynchronously, separating with &
>  ; means: run asynchronously, separating with ;
> I believe this should not break too much backward compatibility
> because ; normally needs to be protected anyway.
> Then & becomes the default of dired-do-async-shell-command. Anyway,
> & is appended only if it is not yet present.
> Or am I missing something? Would this break something?

Yes, it seems this is what remains to do.
It's implemented in the following patch:

=== modified file 'lisp/dired-aux.el'
--- lisp/dired-aux.el   2012-04-17 01:52:00 +0000
+++ lisp/dired-aux.el   2012-07-15 08:27:04 +0000
@@ -546,8 +546,16 @@ (defun dired-read-shell-command (prompt
 (defun dired-do-async-shell-command (command &optional arg file-list)
   "Run a shell command COMMAND on the marked files asynchronously.
-Like `dired-do-shell-command' but if COMMAND doesn't end in ampersand,
-adds `* &' surrounded by whitespace and executes the command asynchronously.
+Like `dired-do-shell-command', but adds `&' at the end of COMMAND
+to execute it asynchronously.
+When operating on multiple files, asynchronous commands are executed
+on each file in parallel.  In shell syntax this means separating the
+individual commands with `&'.  However, when COMMAND ends in `;' or `;&'
+then commands are executed in the background on each file sequentially
+waiting for each command to terminate before running the next command.
+In shell syntax this means separating the individual commands with `;'.
 The output appears in the buffer `*Async Shell Command*'."
    (let ((files (dired-get-marked-files t current-prefix-arg)))
@@ -556,14 +564,10 @@ (defun dired-do-async-shell-command (com
       (dired-read-shell-command "& on %s: " current-prefix-arg files)
-  (unless (string-match "[*?][ \t]*\\'" command)
-    (setq command (concat command " *")))
   (unless (string-match "&[ \t]*\\'" command)
     (setq command (concat command " &")))
   (dired-do-shell-command command arg file-list))
-;; The in-background argument is only needed in Emacs 18 where
-;; shell-command doesn't understand an appended ampersand `&'.
 (defun dired-do-shell-command (command &optional arg file-list)
   "Run a shell command COMMAND on the marked files.
@@ -655,7 +656,15 @@ (defun dired-shell-stuff-it (command fil
 ;; Might be redefined for smarter things and could then use RAW-ARG
 ;; (coming from interactive P and currently ignored) to decide what to do.
 ;; Smart would be a way to access basename or extension of file names.
-  (let ((stuff-it
+  (let* ((in-background (string-match "[ \t]*&[ \t]*\\'" command))
+        (command (if in-background
+                     (substring command 0 (match-beginning 0))
+                   command))
+        (sequentially (string-match "[ \t]*;[ \t]*\\'" command))
+        (command (if sequentially
+                     (substring command 0 (match-beginning 0))
+                   command))
+        (stuff-it
         (if (or (string-match dired-star-subst-regexp command)
                 (string-match dired-quark-subst-regexp command))
             (lambda (x)
@@ -665,13 +674,16 @@ (defun dired-shell-stuff-it (command fil
                   (setq retval (replace-match x t t retval 2)))
           (lambda (x) (concat command dired-mark-separator x)))))
+    (concat
     (if on-each
-       (mapconcat stuff-it (mapcar 'shell-quote-argument file-list) ";")
+        (mapconcat stuff-it (mapcar 'shell-quote-argument file-list)
+                   (if (and in-background (not sequentially)) "&" ";"))
       (let ((files (mapconcat 'shell-quote-argument
                              file-list dired-mark-separator)))
        (if (> (length file-list) 1)
            (setq files (concat dired-mark-prefix files dired-mark-postfix)))
-       (funcall stuff-it files)))))
+        (funcall stuff-it files)))
+     (if in-background "&" ""))))
 ;; This is an extra function so that it can be redefined by ange-ftp.

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