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bug#12215: CSET is unnecessarily confusing


From: Paul Eggert
Subject: bug#12215: CSET is unnecessarily confusing
Date: Thu, 16 Aug 2012 17:04:37 -0700
User-agent: Mozilla/5.0 (X11; Linux i686; rv:14.0) Gecko/20120714 Thunderbird/14.0

Recent changes to Emacs have introduced code like the following:

   CSET (XCHAR_TABLE (char_table), parent, parent);

This is unnecessarily confusing.  Those two 'parent' expressions
refer to different things; the first 'parent' is not really a C
expression at all.  I recall that Stefan also expressed unease about
CSET's not acting like a function, in this respect.

It's easy to change lisp.h so that the same code can be
written as follows, which is shorter and clearer:

  char_table_set_parent (char_table, parent);

The main objection to changing lisp.h, if I recall correctly, is that
it will make lisp.h longer, since lisp.h will need a separate setter
function for each field.  But that's not much of a problem since
these functions are really simple.  And the advantage of readability
in users of the code makes the .h change worthwhile.

Here's a patch to make this change for CSET.  I'd like to install this,
along with similar patches for the other non-function ?SET macros defined
recently.

=== modified file 'src/ChangeLog'
--- src/ChangeLog       2012-08-16 21:58:44 +0000
+++ src/ChangeLog       2012-08-16 23:59:55 +0000
@@ -1,5 +1,14 @@
 2012-08-16  Paul Eggert  <address@hidden>
 
+       * lisp.h (CSET): Remove.
+       (char_table_set_ascii, char_table_set_defalt, char_table_set_parent)
+       (char_table_set_purpose): New functions,
+       replacing CSET.  All uses changed.  For example, replace
+       "CSET (XCHAR_TABLE (char_table), parent, parent);" with
+       "char_table_set_parent (char_table, parent);".
+       The old version was confusing because it used the same name
+       'parent' for two different things.
+
        Use ASCII tests for character types.
        * category.c, dispnew.c, doprnt.c, editfns.c, syntax.c, term.c:
        * xfns.c, xterm.c:

=== modified file 'src/casetab.c'
--- src/casetab.c       2012-08-16 03:13:44 +0000
+++ src/casetab.c       2012-08-16 23:59:55 +0000
@@ -260,7 +260,7 @@
 
   down = Fmake_char_table (Qcase_table, Qnil);
   Vascii_downcase_table = down;
-  CSET (XCHAR_TABLE (down), purpose, Qcase_table);
+  char_table_set_purpose (down, Qcase_table);
 
   for (i = 0; i < 128; i++)
     {

=== modified file 'src/category.c'
--- src/category.c      2012-08-16 21:58:44 +0000
+++ src/category.c      2012-08-16 23:59:55 +0000
@@ -238,8 +238,8 @@
   table = copy_char_table (table);
 
   if (! NILP (XCHAR_TABLE (table)->defalt))
-    CSET (XCHAR_TABLE (table), defalt,
-         Fcopy_sequence (XCHAR_TABLE (table)->defalt));
+    char_table_set_defalt (table,
+                          Fcopy_sequence (XCHAR_TABLE (table)->defalt));
   char_table_set_extras
     (table, 0, Fcopy_sequence (XCHAR_TABLE (table)->extras[0]));
   map_char_table (copy_category_entry, Qnil, table, table);
@@ -270,7 +270,7 @@
   int i;
 
   val = Fmake_char_table (Qcategory_table, Qnil);
-  CSET (XCHAR_TABLE (val), defalt, MAKE_CATEGORY_SET);
+  char_table_set_defalt (val, MAKE_CATEGORY_SET);
   for (i = 0; i < (1 << CHARTAB_SIZE_BITS_0); i++)
     char_table_set_contents (val, i, MAKE_CATEGORY_SET);
   Fset_char_table_extra_slot (val, make_number (0),
@@ -466,7 +466,7 @@
 
   Vstandard_category_table = Fmake_char_table (Qcategory_table, Qnil);
   /* Set a category set which contains nothing to the default.  */
-  CSET (XCHAR_TABLE (Vstandard_category_table), defalt, MAKE_CATEGORY_SET);
+  char_table_set_defalt (Vstandard_category_table, MAKE_CATEGORY_SET);
   Fset_char_table_extra_slot (Vstandard_category_table, make_number (0),
                              Fmake_vector (make_number (95), Qnil));
 }

=== modified file 'src/chartab.c'
--- src/chartab.c       2012-08-16 07:26:18 +0000
+++ src/chartab.c       2012-08-16 23:59:55 +0000
@@ -115,8 +115,8 @@
   size = VECSIZE (struct Lisp_Char_Table) - 1 + n_extras;
   vector = Fmake_vector (make_number (size), init);
   XSETPVECTYPE (XVECTOR (vector), PVEC_CHAR_TABLE);
-  CSET (XCHAR_TABLE (vector), parent, Qnil);
-  CSET (XCHAR_TABLE (vector), purpose, purpose);
+  char_table_set_parent (vector, Qnil);
+  char_table_set_purpose (vector, purpose);
   XSETCHAR_TABLE (vector, XCHAR_TABLE (vector));
   return vector;
 }
@@ -185,16 +185,16 @@
 
   copy = Fmake_vector (make_number (size), Qnil);
   XSETPVECTYPE (XVECTOR (copy), PVEC_CHAR_TABLE);
-  CSET (XCHAR_TABLE (copy), defalt, XCHAR_TABLE (table)->defalt);
-  CSET (XCHAR_TABLE (copy), parent, XCHAR_TABLE (table)->parent);
-  CSET (XCHAR_TABLE (copy), purpose, XCHAR_TABLE (table)->purpose);
+  char_table_set_defalt (copy, XCHAR_TABLE (table)->defalt);
+  char_table_set_parent (copy, XCHAR_TABLE (table)->parent);
+  char_table_set_purpose (copy, XCHAR_TABLE (table)->purpose);
   for (i = 0; i < chartab_size[0]; i++)
     char_table_set_contents
-      (copy, i, 
+      (copy, i,
        (SUB_CHAR_TABLE_P (XCHAR_TABLE (table)->contents[i])
        ? copy_sub_char_table (XCHAR_TABLE (table)->contents[i])
        : XCHAR_TABLE (table)->contents[i]));
-  CSET (XCHAR_TABLE (copy), ascii, char_table_ascii (copy));
+  char_table_set_ascii (copy, char_table_ascii (copy));
   size -= VECSIZE (struct Lisp_Char_Table) - 1;
   for (i = 0; i < size; i++)
     char_table_set_extras (copy, i, XCHAR_TABLE (table)->extras[i]);
@@ -436,7 +436,7 @@
        }
       sub_char_table_set (sub, c, val, UNIPROP_TABLE_P (table));
       if (ASCII_CHAR_P (c))
-       CSET (tbl, ascii, char_table_ascii (table));
+       char_table_set_ascii (table, char_table_ascii (table));
     }
   return val;
 }
@@ -512,7 +512,7 @@
            }
        }
       if (ASCII_CHAR_P (from))
-       CSET (tbl, ascii, char_table_ascii (table));
+       char_table_set_ascii (table, char_table_ascii (table));
     }
   return val;
 }
@@ -562,7 +562,7 @@
          error ("Attempt to make a chartable be its own parent");
     }
 
-  CSET (XCHAR_TABLE (char_table), parent, parent);
+  char_table_set_parent (char_table, parent);
 
   return parent;
 }
@@ -640,12 +640,12 @@
     {
       int i;
 
-      CSET (XCHAR_TABLE (char_table), ascii, value);
+      char_table_set_ascii (char_table, value);
       for (i = 0; i < chartab_size[0]; i++)
        char_table_set_contents (char_table, i, value);
     }
   else if (EQ (range, Qnil))
-    CSET (XCHAR_TABLE (char_table), defalt, value);
+    char_table_set_defalt (char_table, value);
   else if (CHARACTERP (range))
     char_table_set (char_table, XINT (range), value);
   else if (CONSP (range))
@@ -736,7 +736,7 @@
          (char_table, i, optimize_sub_char_table (elt, test));
     }
   /* Reset the `ascii' cache, in case it got optimized away.  */
-  CSET (XCHAR_TABLE (char_table), ascii, char_table_ascii (char_table));
+  char_table_set_ascii (char_table, char_table_ascii (char_table));
 
   return Qnil;
 }
@@ -828,9 +828,9 @@
 
                      /* This is to get a value of FROM in PARENT
                         without checking the parent of PARENT.  */
-                     CSET (XCHAR_TABLE (parent), parent, Qnil);
+                     char_table_set_parent (parent, Qnil);
                      val = CHAR_TABLE_REF (parent, from);
-                     CSET (XCHAR_TABLE (parent), parent, temp);
+                     char_table_set_parent (parent, temp);
                      XSETCDR (range, make_number (c - 1));
                      val = map_sub_char_table (c_function, function,
                                                parent, arg, val, range,
@@ -910,9 +910,9 @@
       temp = XCHAR_TABLE (parent)->parent;
       /* This is to get a value of FROM in PARENT without checking the
         parent of PARENT.  */
-      CSET (XCHAR_TABLE (parent), parent, Qnil);
+      char_table_set_parent (parent, Qnil);
       val = CHAR_TABLE_REF (parent, from);
-      CSET (XCHAR_TABLE (parent), parent, temp);
+      char_table_set_parent (parent, temp);
       val = map_sub_char_table (c_function, function, parent, arg, val, range,
                                parent);
       table = parent;
@@ -1350,7 +1350,7 @@
       : ! NILP (val))
     return Qnil;
   /* Prepare ASCII values in advance for CHAR_TABLE_REF.  */
-  CSET (XCHAR_TABLE (table), ascii, char_table_ascii (table));
+  char_table_set_ascii (table, char_table_ascii (table));
   return table;
 }
 

=== modified file 'src/fns.c'
--- src/fns.c   2012-08-16 03:13:44 +0000
+++ src/fns.c   2012-08-16 23:59:55 +0000
@@ -2151,7 +2151,7 @@
 
       for (i = 0; i < (1 << CHARTAB_SIZE_BITS_0); i++)
        char_table_set_contents (array, i, item);
-      CSET (XCHAR_TABLE (array), defalt, item);
+      char_table_set_defalt (array, item);
     }
   else if (STRINGP (array))
     {

=== modified file 'src/fontset.c'
--- src/fontset.c       2012-08-16 03:13:44 +0000
+++ src/fontset.c       2012-08-16 23:59:55 +0000
@@ -1979,7 +1979,7 @@
              if (c <= MAX_5_BYTE_CHAR)
                char_table_set_range (tables[k], c, to, alist);
              else
-               CSET (XCHAR_TABLE (tables[k]), defalt, alist);
+               char_table_set_defalt (tables[k], alist);
 
              /* At last, change each elements to font names.  */
              for (; CONSP (alist); alist = XCDR (alist))

=== modified file 'src/lisp.h'
--- src/lisp.h  2012-08-16 07:58:24 +0000
+++ src/lisp.h  2012-08-16 23:59:55 +0000
@@ -936,12 +936,6 @@
 
 extern const int chartab_size[4];
 
-/* Most code should use this macro to set non-array Lisp fields in struct
-   Lisp_Char_Table.  For CONTENTS and EXTRAS, use char_table_set_contents
-   and char_table_set_extras, respectively.  */
-
-#define CSET(c, field, value) ((c)->field = (value))
-
 struct Lisp_Char_Table
   {
     /* HEADER.SIZE is the vector's size field, which also holds the
@@ -2439,6 +2433,30 @@
   XSTRING (s)->intervals = i;
 }
 
+/* Set a Lisp slot in TABLE to VAL.  Most code should use this instead
+   of setting slots directly.  */
+
+LISP_INLINE void
+char_table_set_ascii (Lisp_Object table, Lisp_Object val)
+{
+  XCHAR_TABLE (table)->ascii = val;
+}
+LISP_INLINE void
+char_table_set_defalt (Lisp_Object table, Lisp_Object val)
+{
+  XCHAR_TABLE (table)->defalt = val;
+}
+LISP_INLINE void
+char_table_set_parent (Lisp_Object table, Lisp_Object val)
+{
+  XCHAR_TABLE (table)->parent = val;
+}
+LISP_INLINE void
+char_table_set_purpose (Lisp_Object table, Lisp_Object val)
+{
+  XCHAR_TABLE (table)->purpose = val;
+}
+
 /* Set different slots in (sub)character tables.  */
 
 LISP_INLINE void

=== modified file 'src/syntax.c'
--- src/syntax.c        2012-08-16 21:58:44 +0000
+++ src/syntax.c        2012-08-16 23:59:55 +0000
@@ -818,7 +818,7 @@
 
   /* Only the standard syntax table should have a default element.
      Other syntax tables should inherit from parents instead.  */
-  CSET (XCHAR_TABLE (copy), defalt, Qnil);
+  char_table_set_defalt (copy, Qnil);
 
   /* Copied syntax tables should all have parents.
      If we copied one with no parent, such as the standard syntax table,





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