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bug#19296: [PATCH] Package archives now have priorities.

From: Jorgen Schaefer
Subject: bug#19296: [PATCH] Package archives now have priorities.
Date: Sun, 7 Dec 2014 13:31:50 +0100

When installing packages by name, only packages from archives with
the highest priority are considered, before versions are compared.

This solves the "MELPA problem", where MELPA assigns date-based
version numbers to packages which override all other archives.
Giving MELPA a lower priority means packages are installed from
MELPA only when the package is not available from other archives.

This can be overridden manually by the user.
 lisp/emacs-lisp/package.el     |   45 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++--
 test/automated/package-test.el |   17 +++++++++++++++
 2 files changed, 60 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)

diff --git a/lisp/emacs-lisp/package.el b/lisp/emacs-lisp/package.el
index 4e5c397..2030482 100644
--- a/lisp/emacs-lisp/package.el
+++ b/lisp/emacs-lisp/package.el
@@ -228,6 +228,33 @@ a package can run arbitrary code."
   :group 'package
   :version "24.1")
+(defcustom package-archive-default-priority 500
+  "The default priority for archives.
+This is used if the archive is not found in
+  :type 'integer
+  :risky t
+  :group 'package
+  :version "25.1")
+(defcustom package-archive-priorities nil
+  "An alist of priorities for packages.
+Each element has the form (ARCHIVE-ID . PRIORITY).
+When installing packages, the package with the highest version
+number from the archive with the highest priority is
+selected. When higher versions are available from archives with
+lower priorities, the user has to select those manually.
+Archives not in this list have the priority given in
+  :type 'integer
+  :risky t
+  :group 'package
+  :version "25.1")
 (defcustom package-pinned-packages nil
   "An alist of packages that are pinned to specific archives.
 This can be useful if you have multiple package archives enabled,
@@ -1063,6 +1090,7 @@ Also, add the originating archive to the `package-desc' 
                         ;; Older archive-contents files have only 4
                         ;; elements here.
                         (package--ac-desc-extras (cdr package)))))
+         (archive-priority (package-archive-priority archive))
          (existing-packages (assq name package-archive-contents))
          (pinned-to-archive (assoc name package-pinned-packages)))
@@ -1075,8 +1103,12 @@ Also, add the originating archive to the `package-desc' 
           (if (and (cdr existing-packages)
-                   (version-list-<
-                    version (package-desc-version (cadr existing-packages))))
+                   (or (< archive-priority
+                          (package-archive-priority
+                           (package-desc-archive (cadr existing-packages))))
+                       (version-list-<
+                        version
+                        (package-desc-version (cadr existing-packages)))))
               (setq existing-packages (cdr existing-packages))
             (push pkg-desc (cdr existing-packages))
@@ -1268,6 +1300,15 @@ The file can either be a tar file or an Emacs Lisp file."
   "Return the archive containing the package NAME."
   (cdr (assoc (package-desc-archive desc) package-archives)))
+(defun package-archive-priority (archive)
+  "Return the priority of ARCHIVE.
+The archive priorities are specified in
+`package-archive-priorities' and
+  (or (cdr (assoc archive package-archive-priorities))
+      package-archive-default-priority))
 (defun package--download-one-archive (archive file)
   "Retrieve an archive file FILE from ARCHIVE, and cache it.
 ARCHIVE should be a cons cell of the form (NAME . LOCATION),
diff --git a/test/automated/package-test.el b/test/automated/package-test.el
index 6e7994a..2a337fb 100644
--- a/test/automated/package-test.el
+++ b/test/automated/package-test.el
@@ -230,6 +230,23 @@ Must called from within a `tar-mode' buffer."
     (package-install 'simple-single)))
+(ert-deftest package-test-install-prioritized ()
+  "Install a lower version from a higher-prioritized archive."
+  (with-package-test ()
+    (let* ((newer-version (expand-file-name "data/package/newer-versions"
+                                            package-test-file-dir))
+           (package-archives `(("older" . ,package-test-data-dir)
+                               ("newer" . ,newer-version)))
+           (package-archive-priorities '(("newer" . 100))))
+      (package-initialize)
+      (package-refresh-contents)
+      (package-install 'simple-single)
+      (let ((installed (cdr (assq 'simple-single package-alist))))
+        (should (version-list-= '(1 3)
+                                (package-desc-version installed)))))))
 (ert-deftest package-test-install-multifile ()
   "Check properties of the installed multi-file package."
   (with-package-test (:basedir "data/package" :install '(multi-file))

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