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bug#15212: 24.3.50; c++-mode doesn't support raw string literals

From: Ivan Andrus
Subject: bug#15212: 24.3.50; c++-mode doesn't support raw string literals
Date: Tue, 24 May 2016 11:12:31 -0600

I've tried the following function which seems to work reasonably well
in my limited testing.  I'm not suggesting this as the final solution,
but I would be happy to do some revisions based on your feedback, or
abandon it altogether if you have a better method.  Alternately, you
can use any pieces that you find useful.

(defun c++11-syntax-propertize-function (beg end)
  ;; interactive for easy testing
  (interactive (list (point-min) (point-max)))
    (if (not (nth 3 (syntax-ppss beg)))
        ;; Not in a string, so in particular, not in a raw string
        (goto-char beg)
      ;; We have to re-propertize a raw-string, so move back to the
beginning of it.
      (goto-char (nth 8 (syntax-ppss beg)))
      (skip-syntax-backward "'"))
    ;; Look for raw strings in the area of interest
    (while (search-forward-regexp
"\\(\\(?:L\\|u8\\|u\\|U\\)?R\\)\"\\([^(]*\\)(" end t)
      (let* ((full (match-string-no-properties 0))
             (qualifier (match-string-no-properties 1))
             (delimiter (match-string-no-properties 2))
             (beg-beg (match-beginning 0))
             (beg-quote (+ beg-beg (length qualifier)))
             (beg-quote-after (1+ beg-quote)))
        (let* ((ppss (syntax-ppss beg-beg))
               (in-string-or-comment (or (nth 3 ppss) (nth 4 ppss))))
          (if in-string-or-comment
              ;; Move past the match to avoid an infinite loop
              (goto-char (match-end 0))
            ;; Search for the end of the string
            (when (search-forward-regexp
                   (concat ")" delimiter "\"")
                   ;; I don't limit it to end because I'm afraid it
might not be far enough.
                   nil t)
              (let ((end-end (match-end 0)))
                (remove-text-properties beg-beg end-end '(syntax-table . nil))
                ;; Mark the qualifier as attaching to the next sexp
                (put-text-property beg-beg beg-quote
                                   (string-to-syntax "'"))
                ;; Mark the quotes appropriately
                (put-text-property beg-quote beg-quote-after
                                   ;; (string-to-syntax "\"")
                                   (string-to-syntax "|"))
                (put-text-property (1- end-end)
                                   (string-to-syntax "|"))))))))))

;; Then in a c++ buffer...
(setq-local syntax-propertize-function #'c++11-syntax-propertize-function)


On Sun, Apr 3, 2016 at 12:36 PM, Alan Mackenzie <address@hidden> wrote:
> Hello, Ivan.
> On Tue, Mar 29, 2016 at 09:14:44PM -0600, Ivan Andrus wrote:
>> Ivan Andrus <address@hidden> writes:
>> > C++11 allows fancy new raw string literals [1], but these strings aren't
>> > supported in c++-mode (e.g. fontification and movement by sexp's).
>> > In my experience such raw strings are fairly rare, and they are no doubt
>> > difficult to support.  But I thought I would report this since I
>> > didn't see a bug for it in debbugs.
>> > -Ivan
>> > [1] http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/C%2B%2B11#New_string_literals
>> Any thoughts on this?  These are becoming more common in the code I work
>> on and some colleagues and I would like support, since they can destroy
>> fontification of the rest of the buffer.  I'm hesitant to try and do it
>> myself because of the famed difficulty of cc-mode.  :-(  But I'm willing
>> to try if someone has ideas.
> OK, I'll have a go at adding these ASAP.  I've got a few ideas as how
> best to do this.
>> -Ivan
> --
> Alan Mackenzie (Nuremberg, Germany).

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