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bug#30626: 26.0.91; Crash when traversing a `stream-of-directory-files'

From: Noam Postavsky
Subject: bug#30626: 26.0.91; Crash when traversing a `stream-of-directory-files'
Date: Tue, 13 Mar 2018 20:09:17 -0400
User-agent: Gnus/5.13 (Gnus v5.13) Emacs/26.0.90 (gnu/linux)

Eli Zaretskii <address@hidden> writes:

> Should you look at pp or at *pp?

I think it should be pp, but I'm not sure.  The context:

#4854 0x000000000060f452 in mark_memory (start=0x7fffffffa520, 
    at ../../src/alloc.c:4985
#4855 0x000000000060f493 in mark_stack (bottom=0x7fffffffe868 
    end=0x7fffffffa520 "0\245\377\377\377\177") at ../../src/alloc.c:5193

mark_memory (void *start, void *end)
  for (pp = start; (void *) pp < end; pp += GC_POINTER_ALIGNMENT)
      mark_maybe_pointer (*(void **) pp);
      mark_maybe_object (*(Lisp_Object *) pp);

So the value of pp ranges over stack addresses and *pp would be the
contents of the stack location.

> Also note that for Lisp objects that are marked you need to reset
> their mark bit before trying to determine their type and value.

I think I'm looking for a C variable, and not a Lisp object (although
the C variable presumably contains/points to a Lisp object).

> If none of the above helps, please walk me through the steps that led
> you to look at -0x268(%rbp), because I'm not sure I follow.

Starting with the value of pp, I then go up looking for a close value of

(gdb) p pp
$39 = 0x7fffffffa968 "\220L\346\002"

(gdb) up
#4855 0x000000000060f493 in mark_stack (bottom=0x7fffffffe868 
    end=0x7fffffffa520 "0\245\377\377\377\177") at ../../src/alloc.c:5193
5193      mark_memory (bottom, end);
(gdb) p $rbp
$40 = (void *) 0x7fffffffa420
(gdb) up
#4856 0x00000000006cdd75 in mark_one_thread (thread=0xe103e0 <main_thread>) at 
616       mark_stack (thread->m_stack_bottom, stack_top);
(gdb) p $rbp
$41 = (void *) 0x7fffffffa470
(gdb) up 
#4863 0x000000000063c2cb in Ffuncall (nargs=6, args=0x7fffffffa7f8) at 
2751      maybe_gc ();
(gdb) p $rbp
$48 = (void *) 0x7fffffffa780
(gdb) up 
#4864 0x000000000068d950 in exec_byte_code (bytestr=XIL(0x2e7aad4), 
    maxdepth=make_number(18), args_template=make_number(768), nargs=3, 
    at ../../src/bytecode.c:632
632                 TOP = Ffuncall (op + 1, &TOP);
(gdb) p $rbp
$49 = (void *) 0x7fffffffabd0

Now I see that $rbp is higher than the target address, and the
difference is 0x268, so the target location should be -0x268(%rbp).

(gdb) p $rbp - 0x7fffffffa968
$52 = (void *) 0x268

Except something must be wrong in my reasoning, since the only
ocurrences of -0x268(%rbp) are the buffer-string args, which could only
hold integers or markers (neither of which could further point to long
chains of objects).

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