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bug#35721: 27.0.50; Strange Arabic shaping behavior

From: Eli Zaretskii
Subject: bug#35721: 27.0.50; Strange Arabic shaping behavior
Date: Tue, 14 May 2019 21:23:46 +0300

Adding Khaled.

The original message with images can be viewed here:


> Date: Tue, 14 May 2019 18:10:19 +0300
> From: Eli Zaretskii <address@hidden>
> Cc: address@hidden
> > From: "Basil L. Contovounesios" <address@hidden>
> > Date: Mon, 13 May 2019 23:09:06 +0100
> > 
> > I see the following on the master, harfbuzz, and emacs-26 branches
> > (precise versions follow my signature), but I'm not sure how much of
> > this is expected or due to e.g. my font.
> > 
> > 0. emacs -Q
> > 1. C-x 8 RET 0634 RET
> > 
> > The "tail" of the sheen is truncated by the fringe:
> After looking at the code and thinking about this, I think this is a
> feature (as strange as it may sound); see below for why I think so.
> And yes, it definitely depends on the font, in this case DejaVu Sans
> Mono.  I don't see this with any other fixed-pitch font I have.
> I'm not 100% sure I'm right here, so I CC Behdad and Kenichi in the
> hope that they will comment on this.  Behdad, I see a very similar
> issue with hb-view, when it renders this character using DejaVu Sans
> Mono, so it isn't just an Emacs issue (and seeing what hb-view
> produces actually made me think my opinion is correct about this).
> > 3. SPC
> > 
> > The "tail" of the sheen becomes visible, but falls outside of the box
> > cursor:
> Yes, this particular font's glyph for sheen has a negative value of
> left bearing.  Which AFAIU means it extends beyond the box dimensions
> to the left.
> > 4. C-x 8 RET 0643 RET
> > 
> > The kaf is correctly shaped in its initial form:
> > 
> > 5. C-SPC
> > 
> > The kaf changes to its isolated form:
> This is different problem, related to how we redraw portions of the
> buffer inside the region (more generally, those which have colors
> different from the default face).
> The problem is that we only pass to the shaping engine stretches of
> text that have the same face.  The basic reason for that is that a
> different face can use a different font, and we can only handle
> character composition for characters supported by the same font.
> Another fundamental reason is that the display engine processes text
> in chunks that have the same face.  So when the active region, or some
> other Emacs feature, paints portions of text in some non-default face,
> we redraw the display, and pass to the shaping engine only the portion
> that has that different face.  If that portion is a single character,
> you will see that it loses its correct shape and is rendered in its
> isolated form.  And if the colors change between two characters that
> need to be shaped together, the shaping will break.
> You can easily see this effect if you display HELLO, and then
> shift-select portions of the Arabic greeting (or any other script that
> is a heavy user of character compositions).
> To fix this, we need some mechanism that will pass larger chunks of
> text to the shaper in these cases, which will need some changes in how
> the display engine iterates through buffer/string text when it
> prepares them for display: we currently stop at every change of face.
> Patches to fix this are most welcome.
> > I occasionally see this happen even without typing anything, as if by a
> > timer, but I'm not sure how to reproduce it.  I think, without being
> > 100% certain, that it's only happened while using the 'arabic' input
> > method.
> Maybe, but given my description above, I'm not surprised, because it's
> enough that Emacs decides, for some reason, to redraw just that one
> character.
> Now to the original problem.  Let me turn the table and ask you: what
> did you expect to happen instead?  This is a fixed-pitch font, so how
> can Emacs display a character that extends to the left from its box,
> at the left-most window coordinate?  It has no choice but consider its
> extension be off-screen, as if the window was hscrolled.
> The "normal" case for this character is to be part of R2L text, which
> begins at the right window margin, and flows to the left.  In that
> case, the extension will overlap the character cell of the next (in
> the logical order) character.
> So I think we have no bug here, we behave as expected.  If not, I'm
> sure Behdad and Kenichi will correct me.

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