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bug#37045: lisp-indent-region hangs in lisp-indent-calc-next when indent

From: eschulte
Subject: bug#37045: lisp-indent-region hangs in lisp-indent-calc-next when indenting the three characters "|#\n"
Date: Thu, 15 Aug 2019 23:46:06 -0400
User-agent: Gnus/5.13 (Gnus v5.13) Emacs/26.2 (gnu/linux)


Indent-region sometimes hangs when indenting a lisp file.  A minimal
example is the file just containing the characters "|#" followed by a
newline.  This hang is due to an infinite loop in the while loop in the
`lisp-indent-calc-next' function.  The following version of this
function fixes this problem, but is certainly not the appropriate
long-term fix.

;;; Work around a bug in `lisp-indent-calc-next' in which it can hang
;;; on a dangling '|#'.  The change in the code below against the
;;; original is the addition of a block and a throw to this block when
;;; we're infinite looping (when the newly added last-last-sexp
;;; matches last-sexp).  On the off chance it is possible in normal
;;; execution for last-sexp to stay the same for some number of loop
;;; iterations this patch only aborts if they're equal 100 times in a
;;; row.
(defun lisp-indent-calc-next (state)
  "Move to next line and return calculated indent for it.
STATE is updated by side effect, the first state should be
created by `lisp-indent-initial-state'.  This function may move
by more than one line to cross a string literal."
  (pcase-let* (((cl-struct lisp-indent-state
                           (stack indent-stack) ppss ppss-point)
               (indent-depth (car ppss)) ; Corresponding to indent-stack.
               (depth indent-depth)
               (last-last-sexp nil) (counter 0))
    (block nil
      ;; Parse this line so we can learn the state to indent the
      ;; next line.
      (while (let ((last-sexp (nth 2 ppss)))
               (setq ppss (parse-partial-sexp
                           ppss-point (progn (end-of-line) (point))
                           nil nil ppss))
               ;; Preserve last sexp of state (position 2) for
               ;; `calculate-lisp-indent', if we're at the same depth.
               (if (and (not (nth 2 ppss)) (= depth (car ppss)))
                   (setf (nth 2 ppss) last-sexp)
                 (setq last-sexp (nth 2 ppss)))
               (setq depth (car ppss))
               (if (and (>= counter 100) (equal last-sexp last-last-sexp))
                   (progn (setf indent-stack nil) (return))
                 (setq last-last-sexp last-sexp
                       counter (1+ counter)))
               ;; Skip over newlines within strings.
               (nth 3 ppss))
        (let ((string-start (nth 8 ppss)))
          (setq ppss (parse-partial-sexp (point) (point-max)
                                         nil nil ppss 'syntax-table))
          (setf (nth 2 ppss) string-start) ; Finished a complete string.
          (setq depth (car ppss)))
        (setq ppss-point (point)))
      (setq ppss-point (point))
      (let* ((depth-delta (- depth indent-depth)))
        (cond ((< depth-delta 0)
               (setq indent-stack (nthcdr (- depth-delta) indent-stack)))
              ((> depth-delta 0)
               (setq indent-stack (nconc (make-list depth-delta nil)

        (let (indent)
          (cond ((= (forward-line 1) 1) nil)
                ;; Negative depth, probably some kind of syntax error.
                ((null indent-stack)
                 ;; Reset state.
                 (setq ppss (parse-partial-sexp (point) (point))))
                ((car indent-stack))
                ((integerp (setq indent (calculate-lisp-indent ppss)))
                 (setf (car indent-stack) indent))
                ((consp indent)       ; (COLUMN CONTAINING-SEXP-START)
                 (car indent))
                ;; This only happens if we're in a string.
                (t (error "This shouldn't happen"))))
      (setf (lisp-indent-state-stack state) indent-stack)
      (setf (lisp-indent-state-ppss-point state) ppss-point)
      (setf (lisp-indent-state-ppss state) ppss))))

P.S. I hope this isn't a duplicate report, I tried to search both the
archive https://lists.gnu.org/archive/html/bug-gnu-emacs/ and the
previous bug reports https://debbugs.gnu.org/ but I didn't find anything

Eric Schulte, Ph.D.
Director of Automated Software Engineering
GrammaTech, Inc.
PGP Fingerprint: FA8D C2C3 E8A0 A749 34CD  9DCF 3C1B 8581 614C A05D
Pronouns: he, him, his

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