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Re: bug#32236: df header corrupted with LANG=zh_TW.UTF-8 on macOS

From: Chih-Hsuan Yen
Subject: Re: bug#32236: df header corrupted with LANG=zh_TW.UTF-8 on macOS
Date: Sun, 22 Jul 2018 14:07:25 +0800

2018-07-22 6:43 GMT+08:00 Bruno Haible <address@hidden>:
> Hi Pádraig,
>> I've attached a gnulib patch to document for iscntrl at least.
>> +This function does not support arguments outside of the range of the
>> +unsigned char type in locales with large character sets, on some platforms.
>> +OS X 10.5 will return non zero for characters >= 0x80 in UTF-8 locales.
> In UTF-8 locales, arguments >= 0x80 are invalid arguments for iscntrl().
> POSIX [1] says
>   "The c argument is a type int, the value of which the application shall
>    ensure is a character representable as an unsigned char or equal to the
>    value of the macro EOF. If the argument has any other value, the behavior
>    is undefined."
> The term "character" is defined here [2]:
>   "A sequence of one or more bytes representing a single graphic symbol or
>    control code."
> So, in a UTF-8 locale, a "character representable as an unsigned char"
> is a byte sequence of length 1, where the single byte has a value in the
> range 0x00..0x7F.
> For invalid values "the behavior is undefined." You were expecting a value 0.
> Now, in the gnulib documentations, what we mention as portability problems
> are the cases where
>   - the behaviour for valid arguments is different on different platforms, or
>   - the boundary between valid and invalid arguments is fuzzy and depends on
>     the platform.
> IMO there's no point in documenting that a function _really_ has undefined
> behaviour when POSIX says that it has undefined behaviour.
>> I've also attached an alternative patch for df (in your name).
> This patch is correct (because the characters that you test for in c_iscntrl
> are 0x00..0x1F, 0x7F, which don't occur as second or later byte in a multibyte
> character in the EUC-JP, EUC-KR, GB2312, EUC-TW, GB18030, SJIS encodings).
> But it does not catch control characters outside of the ASCII range. It would
> make sense to catch these as well. If you want to do that,
> 'hide_problematic_chars' needs to be rewritten as a loop that iterates across
> the multibyte characters. For example with the 'mbiter' module, in
> combination with the mb_iscntrl function from the 'mbchar' module. Or
> directly with mbrtowc() and iswcntrl().
> Bruno
> [1] http://pubs.opengroup.org/onlinepubs/9699919799/functions/iscntrl.html
> [2] 
> http://pubs.opengroup.org/onlinepubs/9699919799/basedefs/V1_chap03.html#tag_03_87

The `c_iscntrl()` patch also fixes the issue on macOS. Please tell me
if you want me to test other patches, thanks!


Chih-Hsuan Yen

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