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Re: bug#57129: 29.0.50; Improve behavior of conditionals in Eshell

From: Eli Zaretskii
Subject: Re: bug#57129: 29.0.50; Improve behavior of conditionals in Eshell
Date: Tue, 16 Aug 2022 16:51:06 +0300

> From: Bruno Haible <bruno@clisp.org>
> Cc: larsi@gnus.org, 57129@debbugs.gnu.org, jporterbugs@gmail.com
> Date: Tue, 16 Aug 2022 15:35:17 +0200
> Eli Zaretskii wrote:
> > The problem is that callers of
> > make-temp-file reasonably expect it to return a new name every call.
> > And evidently, it does that on GNU/Linux (not sure how, given that the
> > tempname.c code is supposed to be in glibc?).  So if there's no
> > intention to change gen_tempname on non-glibc platforms so that it
> > doesn't repeat the same "random characters" upon each call, I think
> > Emacs should call a different function to generate "random" names of
> > temporary files, for consistency across platforms if not for other
> > reasons.
> You are making incorrect assumptions or hypotheses.

They are neither assumptions nor hypotheses.  They are what I actually
saw by stepping with a debugger into the code.

> I am adding the unit test below. It proves that (at least) on Linux,
> FreeBSD 11, NetBSD 7, OpenBSD 6.0, macOS, AIX 7.1, Solaris 10,
> Cygwin, and native Windows, gen_tempname *does* return a new file
> name on each call, with a very high probability.
> So, gen_tempname does *not* repeat the same "random characters" upon each 
> call.

Well, it does here, when called from Emacs in the particular scenario
of the unit test I was looking into.

Looking at your test program, I see that you generate the seconds file
name without deleting the first one.  When a file by the first
generated name already exists, gen_tempname will indeed generate a
different name.  But in the scenario I described, Emacs creates one
temporary file, uses it, then deletes it, and only after that creates
another file.  In terms of your test program, you need to move the
first unlink call to before the second call to gen_tempname.  Then
your test program will faithfully reproduce what Emacs does in the
case in point.

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