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From: Stelios Bounanos
Subject: (no subject)
Date: Mon, 15 Oct 2001 18:32:50 +0100

       ls - list directory contents

       llss [_O_P_T_I_O_N]... [_F_I_L_E]...

       List  information  about  the  FILEs (the current directory by default). 
       entries alphabetically if none of --ccffttuuSSUUXX nor 

       --aa, ----aallll
              do not hide entries starting with .

       --AA, ----aallmmoosstt--aallll
              do not list implied . and ..

       --bb, ----eessccaappee
              print octal escapes for nongraphic characters

              use SIZE-byte blocks

       --BB, ----iiggnnoorree--bbaacckkuuppss
              do not list implied entries ending with ~

       --cc     with --lltt: sort by, and show, ctime (time of last 
modification  of  file
              status  information)  with  --ll:  show ctime and sort by name 
              sort by ctime

       --CC     list entries by columns

              control whether color is used to distinguish file types.  WHEN  
may  be
              `never', `always', or `auto'

       --dd, ----ddiirreeccttoorryy
              list directory entries instead of contents

       --DD, ----ddiirreedd
              generate output designed for Emacs' dired mode

       --ff     do not sort, enable --aaUU, disable --llsstt

       --FF, ----ccllaassssiiffyy
              append indicator (one of */=@|) to entries

              across --xx, commas --mm, horizontal --xx, long --ll, 
single-column --11, verbose
              --ll, vertical --CC

              list both full date and full time

       --gg     (ignored)

       --GG, ----nnoo--ggrroouupp
              inhibit display of group information

       --hh, ----hhuummaann--rreeaaddaabbllee
              print sizes in human readable format (e.g., 1K 234M 2G)

       ----ssii   likewise, but use powers of 1000 not 1024

       --HH     same as `--si' for now; soon to change to conform to POSIX

       ----iinnddiiccaattoorr--ssttyyllee=_W_O_R_D append 
indicator with style WORD to entry names:
              none (default), classify (-F), file-type (-p)

       --ii, ----iinnooddee
              print index number of each file

       --II, ----iiggnnoorree=_P_A_T_T_E_R_N
              do not list implied entries matching shell PATTERN

       --kk, ----kkiilloobbyytteess
              like ----bblloocckk--ssiizzee=_1_0_2_4

       --ll     use a long listing format

       --LL, ----ddeerreeffeerreennccee
              show file information for referents of symlinks

       --mm     fill width with a comma separated list of entries

       --nn, ----nnuummeerriicc--uuiidd--ggiidd
              list numeric UIDs and GIDs instead of names

       --NN, ----lliitteerraall
              print raw entry names (don't treat e.g. control characters 

       --oo     use long listing format without group info

       --pp, ----ffiillee--ttyyppee
              append indicator (one of /=@|) to entries

       --qq, ----hhiiddee--ccoonnttrrooll--cchhaarrss
              print ? instead of non graphic characters

              show non graphic characters as-is (default unless program is  
`ls'  and
              output is a terminal)

       --QQ, ----qquuoottee--nnaammee
              enclose entry names in double quotes

              use  quoting style WORD for entry names: literal, locale, shell, 
              always, c, escape

       --rr, ----rreevveerrssee
              reverse order while sorting

       --RR, ----rreeccuurrssiivvee
              list subdirectories recursively

       --ss, ----ssiizzee
              print size of each file, in blocks

       --SS     sort by file size

              extension --XX, none --UU, size --SS, time --tt, version 

              status --cc, time --tt, atime --uu, access --uu, use 

              show time as WORD instead of modification  time:  atime,  access, 
              ctime or status; use specified time as sort key if 

       --tt     sort by modification time

       --TT, ----ttaabbssiizzee=_C_O_L_S
              assume tab stops at each COLS instead of 8

       --uu     with  --lltt: sort by, and show, access time with --ll: 
show access time and
              sort by name otherwise: sort by access time

       --UU     do not sort; list entries in directory order

       --vv     sort by version

       --ww, ----wwiiddtthh=_C_O_L_S
              assume screen width instead of current value

       --xx     list entries by lines instead of by columns

       --XX     sort alphabetically by entry extension

       --11     list one file per line

       ----hheellpp display this help and exit

              output version information and exit

       By default, color is not used to distinguish types of files.  That is  
       lent  to  using  ----ccoolloorr=_n_o_n_e.   Using the 
----ccoolloorr option without the optional
       WHEN argument is equivalent to using 
----ccoolloorr=_a_l_w_a_y_s.  With 
----ccoolloorr=_a_u_t_o, color
       codes are output only if standard output is connected to a terminal 

       Written by Richard Stallman and David MacKenzie.

       Report bugs to <address@hidden>.

       Copyright © 2001 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
       This  is  free  software;  see the source for copying conditions.  There 
is NO
       warranty; not even for MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR 

       The full documentation for llss is maintained as a Texinfo manual.  If 
the  iinnffoo
       and llss programs are properly installed at your site, the command

              iinnffoo llss

       should give you access to the complete manual.

ls (fileutils) 4.1         August 2001                      LS(1)

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