[Date Prev][Date Next][Thread Prev][Thread Next][Date Index][Thread Index]
bug#30426: division inconsistency?
From: |
Mark H Weaver |
Subject: |
bug#30426: division inconsistency? |
Date: |
Thu, 15 Feb 2018 02:35:14 -0500 |
User-agent: |
Gnus/5.13 (Gnus v5.13) Emacs/25.3 (gnu/linux) |
Hi Bill,
address@hidden writes:
> But if (* 0 x) is 0, you lose the notion that
> (* exact inexact) is inexact. So (* 0 +inf.0)
> should be 0.0 or maybe +nan.0. Similarly with
> +nan.0, I suppose.
No, because (* 0 x) is equivalent to (+), where the x is not an input.
In fact, this specific case (multiplication by exact 0) is given as an
example where exact 0 may be returned even if the other argument is
inexact, by R4RS, R5RS, R6RS, and R7RS.
R4RS section 6.5.2, and R5RS section 6.2.2 (Exactness), state:
With the exception of 'inexact->exact', the operations described in
this section must generally return inexact results when given any
inexact arguments. An operation may, however, return an exact result
if it can prove that the value of the result is unaffected by the
inexactness of its arguments. For example, multiplication of any
number by an exact zero may produce an exact zero result, even if the
other argument is inexact.
R6RS section 11.7.1 (Propagation of exactness and inexactness) states:
One general exception to the rule above is that an implementation may
return an exact result despite inexact arguments if that exact result
would be the correct result for all possible substitutions of exact
arguments for the inexact ones. An example is (* 1.0 0) which may
return either 0 (exact) or 0.0 (inexact).
R7RS section 6.2.2 (Exactness) states:
Except for exact, the operations described in this section must
generally return inexact results when given any inexact arguments. An
operation may, however, return an exact result if it can prove that
the value of the result is unaffected by the inexactness of its
arguments. For example, multiplication of any number by an exact zero
may produce an exact zero result, even if the other argument is
inexact.
Specifically, the expression (* 0 +inf.0) may return 0, or +nan.0, or
report that inexact numbers are not supported, or report that
non-rational real numbers are not supported, or fail silently or
noisily in other implementation-specific ways.
I'm quite sensitive to this issue, so sensitive that I decided to change
Guile several years ago so that (* 0 1.0) would return 0.0 instead of 0.
My rationale was that if the 1.0 were replaced by +inf.0 or +nan.0, then
by IEEE 754 the result should be +nan.0, and therefore that the result
was not the same regardless of the value of the inexact argument. I
didn't care that R[4567]RS specifically gave this as an example where an
exact 0 may be returned, because I judged that it violated the
principles of the exactness propagation, and I don't want to return an
exact result unless it could in principle be _proved_ to be correct.
The new language in R6RS is what changed my mind. In R6RS, you may
return an exact result if it "would be the correct result for all
possible substitutions of _exact_ arguments for the inexact ones." So,
we needn't consider what would happen if +inf.0 or +nan.0 were put in
place of the 1.0 in (* 0 1.0), because +inf.0 and +nan.0 are not exact.
I think this is the right principle. In mathematics, all real numbers
are finite; there are no infinities and no NaNs. I regard the inexact
infinities as merely inexact representations of very large finite real
numbers.
What do you think?
Regards,
Mark