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bug#45214: guile segfaults on 32-bit big-endian targets

From: John David Anglin
Subject: bug#45214: guile segfaults on 32-bit big-endian targets
Date: Sat, 12 Dec 2020 17:44:06 -0500
User-agent: Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 10.0; Win64; x64; rv:78.0) Gecko/20100101 Thunderbird/78.5.1

On 2020-12-12 5:30 p.m., John David Anglin wrote:
> On 2020-12-12 5:21 p.m., John David Anglin wrote:
>> On 2020-12-12 4:26 p.m., John Paul Adrian Glaubitz wrote:
>>> I assume the crash has got something to do how values are packed and 
>>> unpacked
>>> into the SCM object type. I have not been able to find the problem yet 
>>> myself,
>>> unfortunately which is why I am reporting this issue here.
>> I see this in scm.h:
>> /* The 0?: constructions makes sure that the code is never executed, and
>>    that there is no performance hit.  However, the alternative is
>>    compiled, and does generate a warning when used with the wrong
>>    pointer type.  We use a volatile pointer type to avoid warnings from
>>    clang.
>>    The Tru64 and ia64-hp-hpux11.23 compilers fail on `case (0?0=0:x)'
>>    statements, so for them type-checking is disabled.  */
>> # if defined __DECC || defined __HP_cc
>> #  define SCM_UNPACK(x) ((scm_t_bits) (x))
>> # else
>> #  define SCM_UNPACK(x) ((scm_t_bits) (0? (*(volatile SCM *)0=(x)): x))
>> # endif
> Also just before, there is:
> /* But as external interface, we define SCM, which may, according to the
>    desired level of type checking, be defined in several ways.  */
>   typedef union SCM { struct { scm_t_bits n; } n; } SCM;
> # define SCM_UNPACK(x) ((x).n.n)
> # define SCM_PACK(x) ((SCM) { { (scm_t_bits) (x) } })
> /* This is the default, which provides an intermediate level of compile
>    time type checking while still resulting in very efficient code.  */
>   typedef struct scm_unused_struct { char scm_unused_field; } *SCM;
> The fault on hppa appears to be at strictness 1.
Guess, I should have copied the whole bit:

The last option is:
/* This should be used as a fall back solution for machines on which
   casting to a pointer may lead to loss of bit information, e. g. in
   the three least significant bits.  */
  typedef scm_t_bits SCM;
# define SCM_UNPACK(x) (x)
# define SCM_PACK(x) ((SCM) (x))

I think strictness 1 may be problematic on hppa.


John David Anglin  dave.anglin@bell.net

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