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bug#26048: ‘core-updates’ is back!

From: Ludovic Courtès
Subject: bug#26048: ‘core-updates’ is back!
Date: Tue, 05 Sep 2017 16:57:40 +0200
User-agent: Gnus/5.13 (Gnus v5.13) Emacs/25.2 (gnu/linux)

Ricardo Wurmus <address@hidden> skribis:

> Andy wrote:
>> It would be pretty cool if we could fix our O(n^2) problems in search
>> paths in this core-updates -- basically whenever you go to create an
>> environment, instead of making e.g. VAR=A:B:C:..., for all VARs
>> (LIBRARY_PATH, PKG_CONFIG_PATH, etc), instead we make a union directory
>> Z containing the union of A, B, C, etc and set VAR=Z.  The goal would be
>> to fix quadratic run-time lookup costs by replacing it with a
>> compile-time computation.  This applies to many lookups: PATH, -rpath,
>> etc.
> Ludo wrote:
>> A possible alternative solution for ld.so is at
>> <https://bugs.gnu.org/26048>.
> Do you know of any negative side effects this would have?  For example,
> would it not become impossible to override libraries at runtime with
> LD_LIBRARY_PATH or LD_PRELOAD when “-lfoo” is replaced by the absolute
> file name of the “foo” library?

Good question.  Per the ELF v1.2 spec¹ (page 82), setting DT_NEEDED to
an absolute file name would prevent overriding via LD_LIBRARY_PATH,
which is not desirable.

It turns out we cannot even set DT_NEEDED to an absolute file name in
the first place, because ld records the DT_SONAME of the library, when
it’s available (which is the case most of the time), rather than its
file name.

IOW, the approach suggested in <https://bugs.gnu.org/26048> isn’t really
applicable.  :-/


¹ http://refspecs.linuxbase.org/elf/elf.pdf

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