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bug#32184: ‘guix pack --bootstrap’ is ineffective

From: Chris Marusich
Subject: bug#32184: ‘guix pack --bootstrap’ is ineffective
Date: Tue, 17 Jul 2018 23:11:56 -0700
User-agent: Gnus/5.13 (Gnus v5.13) Emacs/26.1 (gnu/linux)

address@hidden (Ludovic Courtès) writes:

> While preparing the 0.15 release I realized that ‘guix pack --bootstrap’
> had become ineffective.  Concretely, ‘tests/guix-pack.sh’ would attempt
> to build the world.
> This is a consequence of c45477d2a1a651485feede20fe0f3d15aec48b39w, which
> introduced a dependency on guile-sqlite3 in derivations that build
> packs, even if they don’t actually produce a ‘db.sqlite’ file in there.
> I started looking for solutions, which led me to the patch below.
> That’s quite intrusive and it doesn’t work because then we have a
> similar issue with (guix hash) trying to dlopen libgcrypt.
> [...]
> diff --git a/guix/scripts/pack.scm b/guix/scripts/pack.scm
> index 6d5d745bc..45eeb2e7b 100644
> --- a/guix/scripts/pack.scm
> +++ b/guix/scripts/pack.scm
> [...]
> @@ -717,6 +734,9 @@ Create a bundle of PACKAGE.\n"))
>        (set-build-options-from-command-line store opts)
>        (parameterize ((%graft? (assoc-ref opts 'graft?))
> +                     (guile-sqlite3&co (if (assoc-ref opts 'bootstrap?)
> +                                           (list guile-sqlite3/mock)
> +                                           (guile-sqlite3&co)))
>                       (%guile-for-build (package-derivation
>                                          store
>                                          (if (assoc-ref opts 'bootstrap?)

You mentioned that you felt this change is "quite intrusive."  How is
this more intrusive than using parameters for %graft? and
%guile-for-build to control how things get built?  At first blush, this
seems no worse than what we already doing here.

You also mentioned that the proposed patch doesn't actually work, since
we run into a similar problem with (guix hash) trying to dlopen
libgcrypt.  I applied your patch and ran the test, and I think I see
what you mean.  Somehow (I have to admit, I'm not sure how), the normal
libgcrypt gets pulled in by the derivation, so we have to build it...
Although I suppose it isn't ideal, maybe we can get away with working
around it via similar parameterize tricks?

If the intent of --bootstrap is to enable the tool to run quickly in
tests, then it seems we MUST either find a way to substitute every heavy
dependency (including libgcrypt) with a light replacement (e.g. the
guile-sqlite3/mock you made), or find another way to short-circuit the

Basically, we're manually doing dependency injection here depending on
whether or not --bootstrap was given, right?  Instead of parameterizing
the dependencies, what if we used a dependency injector (or "oracle", or
"container", or whatever you want to call it) that, when invoked, would
give us the dependency that is appropriate for the current context?
Perhaps we could control the context via a single parameter.  For
example, something like this:

    (parameterize ((test-environment? #t))
      (injector-get-dependency guile))

would return the bootstrap guile, but something like this:

    (parameterize ((test-environment? #f))
      (injector-get-dependency guile))

would return the usual guile.  This isn't much different from using
parameters like we're already doing, except that it might save us from
having to remember multiple parameters, and it might make the code
cleaner by hiding the dependency selection/construction logic behind the
injector abstraction.

What do you think of that idea?

> I’m not sure how to best address it.  Another approach would be to do
> away with ‘--bootstrap’ and instead write those tests as “system tests”
> in a VM, though that’s maybe less satisfactory.

If we ran these tests in a VM as "system tests" (instead of turning
guile-sqlite3&co into a parameter), would we still need to build the


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