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## Re: [PATCH 3/7] libihash: use linear probing and fast modulo operation

 From: Samuel Thibault Subject: Re: [PATCH 3/7] libihash: use linear probing and fast modulo operation Date: Tue, 13 May 2014 23:12:33 +0200 User-agent: Mutt/1.5.21+34 (58baf7c9f32f) (2010-12-30)

```Justus Winter, le Tue 13 May 2014 21:02:52 +0200, a écrit :
> directions was used to resolve collisions.  Quadratic probing might
> result in a less efficient use of caches.
>
> Also, prime numbers of the form 4 * i + 3 were used as array sizes.
> This was used in combination with the integer modulo operation for
> hashing.  It has been known for some time that libihash suffers from
> collisions, so a integer hash function is now applied to the keys to
> derive the index.
>
> Use linear probing instead.  Also, use powers of two for the array
> sizes, so a bit mask can be used for the modulo operation.

Ack.

> * libihash/ihash.c (ihash_sizes, ihash_nsizes): Remove.
> (find_index): Use linear probing and fast modulo operation.
> * libihash/ihash.h (HURD_IHASH_MIN_SIZE): New macro.
> ---
>  libihash/ihash.c | 125
> +++++++------------------------------------------------
>  libihash/ihash.h |   4 ++
>  2 files changed, 19 insertions(+), 110 deletions(-)
>
> diff --git a/libihash/ihash.c b/libihash/ihash.c
> index 71ddc26..d628d75 100644
> --- a/libihash/ihash.c
> +++ b/libihash/ihash.c
> @@ -31,55 +31,6 @@
>  #include <assert.h>
>
>  #include "ihash.h"
> -
> -
> -/* The prime numbers of the form 4 * i + 3 for some i, all greater
> -   than twice the previous one and smaller than 2^40 (for now).  */
> -static const uint64_t ihash_sizes[] =
> -{
> -  3,
> -  7,
> -  19,
> -  43,
> -  103,
> -  211,
> -  431,
> -  863,
> -  1747,
> -  3499,
> -  7019,
> -  14051,
> -  28111,
> -  56239,
> -  112507,
> -  225023,
> -  450067,
> -  900139,
> -  1800311,
> -  3600659,
> -  7201351,
> -  14402743,
> -  28805519,
> -  57611039,
> -  115222091,
> -  230444239,
> -  460888499,
> -  921777067,
> -  1843554151,
> -  UINT64_C (3687108307),
> -  UINT64_C (7374216631),
> -  UINT64_C (14748433279),
> -  UINT64_C (29496866579),
> -  UINT64_C (58993733159),
> -  UINT64_C (117987466379),
> -  UINT64_C (235974932759),
> -  UINT64_C (471949865531),
> -  UINT64_C (943899731087)
> -};
> -
> -static const unsigned int ihash_nsizes = (sizeof ihash_sizes
> -                                       / sizeof ihash_sizes[0]);
> -
>
>  /* This is the integer finalizer from MurmurHash3.  */
>  static inline uint32_t
> @@ -120,40 +71,24 @@ static inline int
>  find_index (hurd_ihash_t ht, hurd_ihash_key_t key)
>  {
>    unsigned int idx;
> -  unsigned int i;
>    unsigned int up_idx;
> -  unsigned int down_idx;
> +  unsigned int mask = ht->size - 1;
>
> -  idx = murmur3_mix32 (key, 32) % ht->size;
> +  idx = murmur3_mix32 (key, __builtin_ctz (ht->size));
>
>    if (ht->items[idx].value == _HURD_IHASH_EMPTY || ht->items[idx].key == key)
>      return idx;
>
> -  /* Instead of calculating idx + 1, idx + 4, idx + 9, ..., idx + i^2,
> -     we add 1, 3, 5, 7, etc to the previous index.  We do this in both
> -     directions separately.  */
> -  i = 1;
>    up_idx = idx;
> -  down_idx = idx;
>
>    do
>      {
> -      up_idx = (up_idx + i) % ht->size;
> +      up_idx = (up_idx + 1) & mask;
>        if (ht->items[up_idx].value == _HURD_IHASH_EMPTY
>         || ht->items[up_idx].key == key)
>       return up_idx;
> -
> -      if (down_idx < i)
> -     down_idx += ht->size;
> -      down_idx = (down_idx - i) % ht->size;
> -      if (ht->items[down_idx].value == _HURD_IHASH_EMPTY
> -       || ht->items[down_idx].key == key)
> -     return down_idx;
> -
> -      /* After (ht->size - 1) / 2 iterations, this will be 0.  */
> -      i = (i + 2) % ht->size;
>      }
> -  while (i);
> +  while (up_idx != idx);
>
>    /* If we end up here, the item could not be found.  Return any
>       invalid index.  */
> @@ -277,52 +212,25 @@ add_one (hurd_ihash_t ht, hurd_ihash_key_t key,
> hurd_ihash_value_t value)
>    unsigned int idx;
>    unsigned int first_free;
>
> -  idx = murmur3_mix32 (key, 32) % ht->size;
> +  idx = murmur3_mix32 (key, __builtin_ctz (ht->size));
>    first_free = idx;
>
>    if (ht->items[idx].value != _HURD_IHASH_EMPTY && ht->items[idx].key != key)
>      {
> -      /* Instead of calculating idx + 1, idx + 4, idx + 9, ..., idx +
> -         i^2, we add 1, 3, 5, 7, ... 2 * i - 1 to the previous index.
> -         We do this in both directions separately.  */
> -      unsigned int i = 1;
> +      unsigned int mask = ht->size - 1;
>        unsigned int up_idx = idx;
> -      unsigned int down_idx = idx;
> -
> +
>        do
>       {
> -       up_idx = (up_idx + i) % ht->size;
> +        up_idx = (up_idx + 1) & mask;
>         if (ht->items[up_idx].value == _HURD_IHASH_EMPTY
>             || ht->items[up_idx].key == key)
>           {
>             idx = up_idx;
>             break;
>           }
> -       if (first_free == idx
> -           && ht->items[up_idx].value == _HURD_IHASH_DELETED)
> -         first_free = up_idx;
> -
> -       if (down_idx < i)
> -         down_idx += ht->size;
> -       down_idx = (down_idx - i) % ht->size;
> -       if (down_idx < 0)
> -         down_idx += ht->size;
> -       else
> -         down_idx %= ht->size;
> -       if (ht->items[down_idx].value == _HURD_IHASH_EMPTY
> -           || ht->items[down_idx].key == key)
> -         {
> -           idx = down_idx;
> -           break;
> -         }
> -       if (first_free == idx
> -           && ht->items[down_idx].value == _HURD_IHASH_DELETED)
> -         first_free = down_idx;
> -
> -       /* After (ht->size - 1) / 2 iterations, this will be 0.  */
> -       i = (i + 2) % ht->size;
>       }
> -      while (i);
> +      while (up_idx != idx);
>      }
>
>    /* Remove the old entry for this key if necessary.  */
> @@ -365,21 +273,18 @@ hurd_ihash_add (hurd_ihash_t ht, hurd_ihash_key_t key,
> hurd_ihash_value_t item)
>    if (ht->size)
>      {
>        /* Only fill the hash table up to its maximum load factor.  */
> -      if (ht->nr_items * 100 / ht->size <= ht->max_load)
> +      if ((ht->nr_items * 100) >> __builtin_ctz (ht->size) <= ht->max_load)
>       if (add_one (ht, key, item))
>         return 0;
>      }
>
>    /* The hash table is too small, and we have to increase it.  */
> -  for (i = 0; i < ihash_nsizes; i++)
> -    if (ihash_sizes[i] > old_ht.size)
> -      break;
> -  if (i == ihash_nsizes
> -      || ihash_sizes[i] > SIZE_MAX / sizeof (struct _hurd_ihash_item))
> -    return ENOMEM;           /* Surely will be true momentarily.  */
> -
>    ht->nr_items = 0;
> -  ht->size = ihash_sizes[i];
> +  if (ht->size == 0)
> +      ht->size = HURD_IHASH_MIN_SIZE;
> +  else
> +      ht->size <<= 1;
> +
>    /* calloc() will initialize all values to _HURD_IHASH_EMPTY implicitely.
> */
>    ht->items = calloc (ht->size, sizeof (struct _hurd_ihash_item));
>
> diff --git a/libihash/ihash.h b/libihash/ihash.h
> index a24f384..8829e51 100644
> --- a/libihash/ihash.h
> +++ b/libihash/ihash.h
> @@ -93,6 +93,10 @@ typedef struct hurd_ihash *hurd_ihash_t;
>
>  /* Construction and destruction of hash tables.  */
>
> +/* The size of the initial allocation in number of items.  This must
> +   be a power of two.  */
> +#define HURD_IHASH_MIN_SIZE  32
> +
>  /* The default value for the maximum load factor in percent.  */
>
> --
> 2.0.0.rc0
>

--
Samuel
<b> il faut combien de chevaux pour tirer une doloréan à 88 morph ?
***b vient de remarque que 88 mph c'est 142 km/h
<y> aaaaah
<y> c'est pour ça qu'ils limitent à 130 km/h sur les autoroutes
<y> c'est pour éviter que les gens voyagent dans le temps
<b> probablement

```