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bug#56351: LC_CTYPE=C.UTF-8 causes an matching error on Sed

From: KIM Taeyeob
Subject: bug#56351: LC_CTYPE=C.UTF-8 causes an matching error on Sed
Date: Sat, 02 Jul 2022 14:03:10 +0900

Sed (and also Grep) cannot match a certain range of Korean characters when it operates under LC_CTYPE=C.UTF-8 (and whatever language environment with UTF-8 encoding including en_US.UTF-8, ko_KR.UTF-8, or ja_JP.UTF-8 etc.)

reproducing the bug on Sed:
$ export LC_CTYPE=C.UTF-8
$ echo 폿 | sed -e 's/./a/'
a                           <-- matched and replaced without an issue
$ echo 퐀 | sed -e 's/./a/'
퐀                          <-- FAILED to match so it doesn't replace

In detail, a character that is in the range [가-폿] (<UAC00>~<UD3FF>) is matched without any issue but a character in the range [퐀-힣] (<UD400>~<UD7A3>) CANNOT be matched but it IS SUPPOSED TO be matched.

Grep has the same issue with the period regex too.

reproducing the bug on Grep:
$ export LC_CTYPE=C.UTF-8
$ echo 폿 | grep .
폿                   <-- matched successfully
$ echo 퐀 | grep .
$                    <-- failed to match

I think it is related with <regex.h> or <iconv.h> on Glibc, but I couldn't find way to reproduce the bug with those, so alternatively, I report on Sed instead.

I also report this issue on the bug-grep list too.

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