[Top][All Lists]

[Date Prev][Date Next][Thread Prev][Thread Next][Date Index][Thread Index]

[Discuss-gnuradio] USRP and DC offset

From: Matt Ettus
Subject: [Discuss-gnuradio] USRP and DC offset
Date: Tue, 5 Apr 2005 10:38:17 -0700
User-agent: Internet Messaging Program (IMP) 4.0-cvs

A lot of questions about DC offset have come up lately, so I just wanted to
clear things up a bit.  The discussion applies to both TX and RX, but I will
speak in terms of the RX.

The USRP has 2 kinds of DC offset.  The first is "real" DC offset.  All AD
converters have some natural DC offset to them.  If you look at an FFT plot
with the digital downconverters set to a frequency of 0 (DC), you will see a
spike at 0.  If you use the scope with no input signal, you will see that I and
Q are each centered around a different nonzero level.

If you set the DDC frequency to something nonzero, the DC offset will be
translated away from DC.  For example, if you set the DDC frequency to -200
kHz, the DC will now look like a tone at -200kHz.  If the DDC frequency is big
enough to put DC outside of the passband, you will no longer see it.

This kind of DC offset is OK, and we have a provision to null it out.  We rarely
use it, but you can see how it is done in the dbs_debug.py example.

The second kind of DC offset is a small problem.  This kind always appears at
DC, no matter what the DDC frequency is.  This one is due to incompletely
implemented rounding in the FPGA, and is always equivalent to -0.5 LSB.  It is
very small, but does show up in FFT plots.  I haven't been able to find the
time to finish the rounding.  This small offest is only noticeable with very
little or no gain in the front ends.  If you are using the TVRX board, for
example, you should never even see this, since it will always give you signals
much bigger than -0.5 LSB.


reply via email to

[Prev in Thread] Current Thread [Next in Thread]