[Top][All Lists]

[Date Prev][Date Next][Thread Prev][Thread Next][Date Index][Thread Index]

[Discuss-gnuradio] Getting my feet wet on the Tx side of the world

From: Marcus D. Leech
Subject: [Discuss-gnuradio] Getting my feet wet on the Tx side of the world
Date: Fri, 03 Sep 2010 19:53:21 -0400
User-agent: Mozilla/5.0 (X11; U; Linux i686; en-US; rv: Gecko/20100720 Fedora/3.0.6-1.fc12 Thunderbird/3.0.6

OK, so I'm wetting my collective feet (all two of them) in the Tx side
of the world, with a comms/telecom application, no less.

I'm playing with the OP25 project, which is an open-source initiative to
produce tools to deal with the so-called
  "Project 25" digital radio standard that is emerging as the way lots
of public-service people talk to each other
  on their radios.

The TX side of the project is still fairly primitive--they have a
hand-coded flow-graph that implements an APCO-25 4-level
  FSK modulator, using an *audio* sink, and then carefully plugging the
audio into the guts of a physical radio, right at the
  FM modulator (for those of you who were around in the old amateur
packet radio days, that's the way we used to do 9600BPS
  packet--bypass the usual FM audio filtering, and plug directly into
the FM modulator).

So, I decided to adapt what they'd done on the audio side to driving a
USRP directly (with an appropriate RF card, naturally).

The audio version of their modulator is fairly straightforward.  It
takes two-bit sequences from a packed-byte stream, and uses them
  to produce symbols from a simple [1.0, 3.0, -1.0, -3.0]
chunks-to-simples conversion.  From there, the symbols are run through
  an RRC filter, then an FM preemphasis filter, then a gain multiplier
block, and thence to the audio sink.

I have constructed a flow-graph in GRC that I think does pretty-much the
same thing, only instead of dumping to the audio port, it
  has an FM modulator block, and then goes to a USRP sink, with
appropriate interpolation specified.

My GRC flow-graph is here: http://www.sbrac.org/files/fm4_usrp_modulator.grc

APCO-25 runs at a nominal symbol rate of 4800sps, to give 9600BPS, and
occupies a nominal 12.5KHz of bandwidth. The rest of it
  involves the usual suspects of FEC coding, packetizing, etc, etc.  I'm
just interested in getting the modulator correct at this stage, since
  the rest of the "goo" is already partially addressed in the existing
OP25 work.

I'm not sure that my parameters for the RRC are correct, for one, and
exactly what to set the "sensitivity" parameter to in the
  the FM modulator (I imagine it's similar to setting the deviation
control on an analog FM modulator).

Also, I've copied the signal processing chain almost directly from the
version of the modulator that dumps to the audio port, so perhaps
  there are shortcuts I can take to produce a nice APCO-25 4-level FSK
signal that are "cheaper".

Marcus Leech
Principal Investigator
Shirleys Bay Radio Astronomy Consortium

reply via email to

[Prev in Thread] Current Thread [Next in Thread]