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Re: [Discuss-gnuradio] anyone help me understand usrp fpga code fragment

From: Page Jack
Subject: Re: [Discuss-gnuradio] anyone help me understand usrp fpga code fragment which count rssi
Date: Fri, 5 Aug 2011 09:52:46 +0800

Hi Colby,
I know cheaper in hardware, but now I don't understand how using IIR filter can compute the RSSI? 

On Fri, Aug 5, 2011 at 9:18 AM, Colby Boyer <address@hidden> wrote:
Cheaper in hardware. You only need one adder.

On Thu, Aug 4, 2011 at 6:13 PM, Page Jack <address@hidden> wrote:
Hi Colby,
I don't understand why compute RSSI need an IIR filter? as I know the rssi can be compute
like that: (sample[0]*sample[0]+...sample[i]*sample[i]) / (i+1)


On Thu, Aug 4, 2011 at 2:44 PM, Colby Boyer <address@hidden> wrote:
On Wed, Aug 3, 2011 at 6:30 PM, Page Jack <address@hidden> wrote:
the code below is in sdr_lib/rssi.v I don't understand especially this line: rssi_int <= #1 rssi_int + abs_adc - rssi_int[25:10];

  wire [11:0] abs_adc = adc[11] ? ~adc : adc;

   reg [25:0]  rssi_int;
   always @(posedge clock)
     if(reset | ~enable)
       rssi_int <= #1 26'd0;
       rssi_int <= #1 rssi_int + abs_adc - rssi_int[25:10];

   assign      rssi = rssi_int[25:10];

Discuss-gnuradio mailing list

It appears to be a clever way to implement a single pole IIR filter. Josh?

If you recall an IIR is defined as y[n] = (1-alpha) * y[n-1] + x[n]

Since multiplier are expensive in hardware, lets use a multiples of two so you can bit shift, then add and subtract. :D In this case alpha is 2^-10


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