[Top][All Lists]

[Date Prev][Date Next][Thread Prev][Thread Next][Date Index][Thread Index]

Re: Is there a Gnu Radio block to compute the power of a signal?

From: Marcus Müller
Subject: Re: Is there a Gnu Radio block to compute the power of a signal?
Date: Thu, 18 Nov 2021 17:58:41 +0100
User-agent: Mozilla/5.0 (X11; Linux x86_64; rv:91.0) Gecko/20100101 Thunderbird/91.2.0

Hi Martin,

RSSI is "even worse", because it's not universally defined – some standards define it, others don't, and what any given device displays as RSSI can be pretty arbitrary. For example, IEEE802.11 (so, WLAN/wifi) does not say an RSSI is directly related to a received power in watts.

4G/LTE introduces a whole set of signal quality metrics for the actual operation (not for displaying), so that there's no single number to deal with. Which is fair - your phone doesn't just do "one" transmission mode, it has several, with different modulation and error correction schemes, and it makes a big difference whether a channel is mediocre right now and expected to stay that way, or good but expected to vary a lot over time. So a single number can't do the complex situation a receiver is in any justice, simply because there's no single requirement: is it more important to the user that they can download high speed bursts of website data, or that they have a relatively constant medium streaming bandwidth, or a really highly guaranteed minimum data rate? What about latency? What about power efficiency? All these are things that are different in "hardness" in different scenarios. In short: the bars at the top right of your phone screen, they're there for decoration, are typically updated in a very slow/smoothed out manner, the same applies to information like "signal strength -82 dB 60 asu" (phones literally say "asu", that stands for "arbitrary strength unit", and while it *is* defined by standards, guess how consistent phone implementations of something called "arbitrary" are). Wireless mobile channels change a couple hundred times a second at modest speeds of movement, to which the phone and network need to react; what would a human-visible indicator even do with that much information?

Whenever I see an RSSI number, I interpret it as "An estimate of how well this receiver will work in this RX scenario, measured in something that the developers found easy to implement, and marketing thought it might appease the user hunting for best conditions".

That's not to say a received signal strength indicator is always useless – but it often needs to come with a big footnote that defines what it actually tells you, and what "good" RSSI actually means, operationally. Still, it's often a better idea to estimate e.g. the "cleanliness" of your signal's constellation and call it RSSI than just looking at RX power – for example, we're very often in interference-limited scenarios, so high RX power is given through either the signal you want to receive – or the sum of signals you don't.

In that way, RSSI is "much better" than actual receive power: Your receiver doesn't /actually/ work better due to a higher RX power, it works better with a higher SNR! So, estimate the SNR from the signal you're receiving; then you get a ratio of "power in stuff my receiver needs to know" to "power that disturbs my receiver", and that can be done without external calibration.

Best regards,

On 18.11.21 13:48, Martin Spears wrote:
This is good to know. After reading this I was going to ask a similar question about RSSI. I will look further into this as well

Get Outlook for Android <https://aka.ms/AAb9ysg>
*From:* Discuss-gnuradio <discuss-gnuradio-bounces+mspears=icmt.ca@gnu.org> on behalf of Marcus Müller <mmueller@gnuradio.org>
*Sent:* Thursday, November 18, 2021 7:37:08 AM
*To:* discuss-gnuradio@gnu.org <discuss-gnuradio@gnu.org>
*Subject:* Re: Is there a Gnu Radio block to compute the power of a signal?
That's almost certainly not an answer to the question you're posing, namely 
"How do I
measure the power of a specific class of signals".
A function probe is just a method of getting some data out of a flowgraph, and 
it's almost
never the appropriate solution (function probes are really more for debugging, 
or very
sporadically/randomly updated GUIs and such, not for signal processing).

First of all, it's important to note that basically none of the SDRs you'd 
attach to GNU
Radio come calibrated by default – so the numbers you see in GNU Radio are only
proportional to some amplitude of electrical field. So, digital powers are only
proportional to the powers on the air, but can easily be calculated taking the 
magnitude of your complex samples.

Best regards,

On 18.11.21 11:45, Rachida SAROUI wrote:
Thank you very much!

Le jeu. 18 nov. 2021 à 11:40, Van-Dung PHAM <dungdkt27@gmail.com <mailto:dungdkt27@gmail.com <mailto:dungdkt27@gmail.com>>> a écrit :

     Hi, you can use the Function Probe in GNU Radio to measure the Power in dBm

     Vào Th 5, 18 thg 11, 2021 vào lúc 11:23 Rachida SAROUI 
     <mailto:rachidasaroui@gmail.com <mailto:rachidasaroui@gmail.com>>> đã viết:

         Hello everyone,

         I'm looking for a gnuradio block or a method to determine the power of 
a received
         LORA signal from an arduino. Can anyone help me please?

         Thank you

     --      -----------------------------------------------------------------------

reply via email to

[Prev in Thread] Current Thread [Next in Thread]