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[debbugs-tracker] bug#35497: closed ([PATCH] Don't rewrite buffer conten

From: GNU bug Tracking System
Subject: [debbugs-tracker] bug#35497: closed ([PATCH] Don't rewrite buffer contents after saving by rename)
Date: Wed, 08 May 2019 07:49:02 +0000

Your message dated Wed, 08 May 2019 09:48:07 +0200
with message-id <address@hidden>
and subject line Re: [PATCH v7] Don't rewrite buffer contents after saving by 
has caused the debbugs.gnu.org bug report #35497,
regarding [PATCH] Don't rewrite buffer contents after saving by rename
to be marked as done.

(If you believe you have received this mail in error, please contact

35497: http://debbugs.gnu.org/cgi/bugreport.cgi?bug=35497
GNU Bug Tracking System
Contact address@hidden with problems
--- Begin Message --- Subject: [PATCH] Don't rewrite buffer contents after saving by rename Date: Mon, 29 Apr 2019 16:20:09 -0700
When `file-precious-flag' is non-nil, files are saved by renaming a
temporary file to the new name; this is an atomic operation on POSIX
so other programs will not see the file in an intermediate state.
Unfortunately, due to a paren-matching error introduced in change
574c05e219476912db3105fa164accd9ba12b35f, we would then write the
contents again in the usual way after this rename.  In addition to
being wasteful, this is a serious bug: the whole point of
`file-precious-flag' is to prevent race conditions with other programs
that might otherwise see an empty file, but with this bug the race is
actually much *more* likely to be visible: the rename will alert any
inotify watchers of a change, and then the subsequent write is very
likely to truncate the file just as those programs start to read it!
* lisp/files.el (basic-save-buffer-2): Don't rewrite file contents
  after saving-by-renaming.
* test/lisp/files-tests.el (files-tests-dont-rewrite-precious-files):
  Regression test for this change.
 etc/NEWS                 |  7 +++++++
 lisp/files.el            |  4 ++--
 test/lisp/files-tests.el | 27 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 3 files changed, 36 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)

diff --git a/etc/NEWS b/etc/NEWS
index 9b32d720b6..5bfadcbbd6 100644
--- a/etc/NEWS
+++ b/etc/NEWS
@@ -340,6 +340,13 @@ longer.
 ** Multicolor fonts such as "Noto Color Emoji" can be displayed on
 Emacs configured with Cairo drawing and linked with cairo >= 1.16.0.
+** The file-precious-flag is now respected correctly.
+A bug previously caused files to be saved twice when
+`file-precious-flag' or `break-hardlinks-on-save' were specified: once
+by renaming a temporary file to the destination name, and then again
+by truncating and rewriting the file, which is exactly what
+`file-precious-flag' is supposed to avoid.
 * Editing Changes in Emacs 27.1
diff --git a/lisp/files.el b/lisp/files.el
index c05d70a00e..72518e8127 100644
--- a/lisp/files.el
+++ b/lisp/files.el
@@ -5256,7 +5256,7 @@ basic-save-buffer-2
                     (set-file-extended-attributes buffer-file-name
                                                   (nth 1 setmodes)))
                 (set-file-modes buffer-file-name
-                                (logior (car setmodes) 128))))))
+                                (logior (car setmodes) 128)))))
        (let (success)
@@ -5272,7 +5272,7 @@ basic-save-buffer-2
            (and setmodes (not success)
                   (rename-file (nth 2 setmodes) buffer-file-name t)
-                  (setq buffer-backed-up nil))))))
+                  (setq buffer-backed-up nil)))))))
 (declare-function diff-no-select "diff"
diff --git a/test/lisp/files-tests.el b/test/lisp/files-tests.el
index ae8ea41a79..07012fea6e 100644
--- a/test/lisp/files-tests.el
+++ b/test/lisp/files-tests.el
@@ -1244,5 +1244,32 @@ files-tests-file-attributes-equal
                     (executable-find (file-name-nondirectory tmpfile))))))
       (delete-file tmpfile))))
+(ert-deftest files-tests-dont-rewrite-precious-files ()
+  "Test that `file-precious-flag' forces files to be saved by
+renaming only, rather than modified in-place."
+  (files-tests--with-temp-file temp-file-name
+    (with-current-buffer (find-file-noselect temp-file-name)
+      (let* (temp-file-events watch)
+        (unwind-protect
+            (progn
+              (setq watch
+                    (file-notify-add-watch
+                     temp-file-name '(change)
+                     (lambda (event)
+                       (add-to-list 'temp-file-events (cadr event) 'append))))
+              (setq-local file-precious-flag t)
+              (insert "foobar")
+              (should (null (save-buffer)))
+              ;; file-notify callbacks are input events, so we need to
+              ;; accept input before checking results.
+              (sit-for 0.1)
+              ;; When file-precious-flag is set, the visited file
+              ;; should never be modified, only renamed-to (which may
+              ;; appear as "renamed" and/or "created" to file-notify).
+              (should (not (memq 'changed temp-file-events))))
+        (file-notify-rm-watch watch))))))
 (provide 'files-tests)
 ;;; files-tests.el ends here

--- End Message ---
--- Begin Message --- Subject: Re: [PATCH v7] Don't rewrite buffer contents after saving by rename Date: Wed, 08 May 2019 09:48:07 +0200 User-agent: Gnus/5.13 (Gnus v5.13) Emacs/27.0.50 (gnu/linux)
Hi Jonathan,

thanks for this final version, I've pushed it to master. I've added a
skip for Emacs < 27, since it fails there. Obviously.

Marking the bug as closed.

Best regards, Michael.

--- End Message ---

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