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Re: Writing syntax-propertize-function for strings in code in strings, e

From: Stefan Monnier
Subject: Re: Writing syntax-propertize-function for strings in code in strings, etc
Date: Sat, 08 Sep 2012 15:31:15 -0400
User-agent: Gnus/5.13 (Gnus v5.13) Emacs/24.2.50 (gnu/linux)

> Sublime Text handles these aspects rather excellently, and even
> highlights the code inside as code, not string contents:
> http://i.imgur.com/NH1Ye.png
> Is there a proper way to do so in Emacs?

Currently, it's pretty difficult for Emacs to handle it like in the
picture above.

> My first idea was, when propertizing interpolation, to see what kind of
> string we're inside, and apply the appropriate syntax to the enclosing
> braces, thus splitting the literal in two.  But (a) string quotes class
> doesn't work that way (text characters on both ends of a literal must
> be the same), (b) if we're inside a percent literal (syntax class:
> generic string), and the literal spans several lines, we need to be able
> to jump to its real beginning position from its end, but with this
> approach (nth 8 (syntax-ppss)) will just return the beginning of the
> last piece.  Saving buffer positions to text properties looks not very
> reliable, since the respective text may be deleted and re-inserted.

> Suggestions?

I think the better approach is to extend syntax.c with such a notion of
"syntax within strings".  This could hopefully be used for:
- Strings within strings (e.g. Postscript nested strings).
- Comments within strings (I think some regexps allow comments).
- Code within strings (as here and in shell scripts).
I'm not sure what that would look like concretely.  Maybe a new string
quote syntax which specifies a syntax-table to use within the string?


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