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Re: desktop.el: autosave?

From: Juri Linkov
Subject: Re: desktop.el: autosave?
Date: Thu, 11 Apr 2013 11:29:08 +0300
User-agent: Gnus/5.13 (Gnus v5.13) Emacs/24.3.50 (x86_64-pc-linux-gnu)

> I don't think anyone had a problem with run-with-timer (I just skimmed back
> through the thread to check), so go ahead and change my patch to use it.

In the patch below a new option is `desktop-auto-save-timeout' instead
of `desktop-auto-save-interval' because it should be more like
`auto-save-timeout' instead of `auto-save-interval'.

`auto-save-timeout' is the number of seconds between auto-saves, but
`auto-save-interval' is the number of characters typed between auto-saves.
In terms of the desktop, an interval would rather mean a number of changes
in the buffer list or something like that.  I'm not sure whether this is
useful, so the following patch implements only timer-based auto-saving:

=== modified file 'lisp/desktop.el'
--- lisp/desktop.el     2013-01-02 16:13:04 +0000
+++ lisp/desktop.el     2013-04-11 08:28:14 +0000
@@ -189,6 +189,17 @@ (defcustom desktop-save 'ask-if-new
   :group 'desktop
   :version "22.1")
+(defcustom desktop-auto-save-timeout nil
+  "Number of seconds between auto-saves of the desktop.
+Zero or nil means disable timer-based auto-saving."
+  :type '(choice (const :tag "Off" nil)
+                 (integer :tag "Seconds"))
+  :set (lambda (symbol value)
+         (set-default symbol value)
+         (desktop-auto-save-update))
+  :group 'desktop
+  :version "24.4")
 (defcustom desktop-load-locked-desktop 'ask
   "Specifies whether the desktop should be loaded if locked.
 Possible values are:
@@ -539,6 +550,10 @@ (defconst desktop-header
 (defvar desktop-delay-hook nil
   "Hooks run after all buffers are loaded; intended for internal use.")
+(defvar desktop-file-checksum nil
+  "Checksum of the last auto-saved contents of the desktop file.
+Used to avoid writing contents unchanged between auto-saves.")
 ;; ----------------------------------------------------------------------------
 ;; Desktop file conflict detection
 (defvar desktop-file-modtime nil
@@ -854,11 +869,12 @@ (defun desktop-file-name (filename dirna
 ;; ----------------------------------------------------------------------------
-(defun desktop-save (dirname &optional release)
+(defun desktop-save (dirname &optional release auto-save)
   "Save the desktop in a desktop file.
 Parameter DIRNAME specifies where to save the desktop file.
 Optional parameter RELEASE says whether we're done with this desktop.
-See also `desktop-base-file-name'."
+If AUTO-SAVE is non-nil, compare the saved contents to the one last saved,
+and don't save the buffer if they are the same."
   (interactive "DDirectory to save desktop file in: ")
   (setq desktop-dirname (file-name-as-directory (expand-file-name dirname)))
@@ -918,10 +934,17 @@ (defun desktop-save (dirname &optional r
                (insert ")\n\n"))))
          (setq default-directory desktop-dirname)
-         (let ((coding-system-for-write 'emacs-mule))
-           (write-region (point-min) (point-max) (desktop-full-file-name) nil 
-         ;; We remember when it was modified (which is presumably just now).
-         (setq desktop-file-modtime (nth 5 (file-attributes 
+         ;; If auto-saving, avoid writing if nothing has changed since the 
last write.
+         ;; Don't check 300 characters of the header that contains the 
+         (let ((checksum (and auto-save (md5 (current-buffer)
+                                             (+ 300 (point-min)) (point-max)
+                                             'emacs-mule))))
+           (unless (and auto-save (equal checksum desktop-file-checksum))
+             (let ((coding-system-for-write 'emacs-mule))
+               (write-region (point-min) (point-max) (desktop-full-file-name) 
nil 'nomessage))
+             (setq desktop-file-checksum checksum)
+             ;; We remember when it was modified (which is presumably just 
+             (setq desktop-file-modtime (nth 5 (file-attributes 
 ;; ----------------------------------------------------------------------------
@@ -1075,6 +1098,37 @@ (defun desktop-save-in-desktop-dir ()
   (message "Desktop saved in %s" (abbreviate-file-name desktop-dirname)))
 ;; ----------------------------------------------------------------------------
+;; Auto-Saving.
+(defvar desktop-auto-save-timer nil)
+(defun desktop-auto-save ()
+  "Save the desktop periodically.
+Called by the timer created in `desktop-auto-save-update'."
+  (when (and desktop-save-mode
+            (integerp desktop-auto-save-timeout)
+            (> desktop-auto-save-timeout 0)
+            ;; Avoid desktop saving during lazy loading.
+            (not desktop-lazy-timer)
+            ;; Save only to own desktop file.
+            (eq (emacs-pid) (desktop-owner))
+            desktop-dirname)
+    (desktop-save desktop-dirname nil t))
+  (desktop-auto-save-update))
+(defun desktop-auto-save-update ()
+  "Update the timer for next auto-saving.
+Cancel the previous timer and run a new timer when the number
+of seconds between auto-saves is a positive integer."
+  (when desktop-auto-save-timer
+    (cancel-timer desktop-auto-save-timer)
+    (setq desktop-auto-save-timer nil))
+  (when (and (integerp desktop-auto-save-timeout)
+            (> desktop-auto-save-timeout 0))
+    (setq desktop-auto-save-timer
+         (run-with-timer desktop-auto-save-timeout nil
+                         'desktop-auto-save))))
+;; ----------------------------------------------------------------------------
 (defun desktop-revert ()
   "Revert to the last loaded desktop."
@@ -1327,6 +1381,7 @@ (add-hook 'after-init-hook
         (setq desktop-save-mode nil)))
     (when desktop-save-mode
+      (desktop-auto-save-update)
       (setq inhibit-startup-screen t))))
 (provide 'desktop)

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