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Re: How does one find out what file a library has been loaded from?

From: Eli Zaretskii
Subject: Re: How does one find out what file a library has been loaded from?
Date: Sun, 31 Jul 2022 15:52:33 +0300

> From: Andrea Corallo <akrl@sdf.org>
> Cc: acm@muc.de, emacs-devel@gnu.org
> Date: Sun, 24 Jul 2022 17:46:02 +0000
> >> (native-comp-unit-file (subr-native-comp-unit (symbol-function 
> >> #'find-file)))
> >
> > Andrea, does anything similar to subr-native-comp-unit exists for
> > other types of symbols accepted by symbol-file: defvar and defface?
> No it does not exists.
> The reason why the compilation unit concept was introduced is to have
> the GC capable of unloading the eln when possible, this mechanism is
> only related to functions that are indeed memory mapped from the loaded
> shared libraries.  Variables etc are just regular variables (tipically
> defined at eln load time) so they didn't required any new mechanism.
> > If not, then the only way to produce the same information for them
> > would be to generate the base name of the .eln file with
> > comp-el-to-eln-rel-filename, and then look for that file along
> > native-comp-eln-load-path, right?
> Yes I think so.

Andrea and Alan, please review and test the version of symbol-file
below that I intend to install soon.  TIA.

(defun locate-eln-file (eln-file)
  "Locate a natively-compiled ELN-FILE by searching its load path.
This function looks in directories named by `native-comp-eln-load-path'."
  (or (locate-file-internal (concat comp-native-version-dir "/" eln-file)
       ;; Preloaded *.eln files live in the preloaded/ subdirectory of
       ;; the last entry in `native-comp-eln-load-path'.
       (concat comp-native-version-dir "/preloaded/" eln-file)
       (last native-comp-eln-load-path))))

(defun symbol-file (symbol &optional type native-p)
  "Return the name of the file that defined SYMBOL.
The value is normally an absolute file name.  It can also be nil,
if the definition is not associated with any file.  If SYMBOL
specifies an autoloaded function, the value can be a relative
file name without extension.

If TYPE is nil, then any kind of definition is acceptable.  If
TYPE is `defun', `defvar', or `defface', that specifies function
definition, variable definition, or face definition only.
Otherwise TYPE is assumed to be a symbol property.

If NATIVE-P is nil, and SYMBOL was loaded from a .eln file, this
function will return the absolute file name of that .eln file,
if found.

This function only works for symbols defined in Lisp files.  For
symbols that are defined in C files, use `help-C-file-name'
  (if (and (or (null type) (eq type 'defun))
           (symbolp symbol)
           (autoloadp (symbol-function symbol)))
      (nth 1 (symbol-function symbol))
    (if (and native-p (or (null type) (eq type 'defun))
             (symbolp symbol)
             (subr-native-elisp-p (symbol-function symbol)))
        ;; native-comp-unit-file returns unnormalized file names.
        (expand-file-name (native-comp-unit-file (subr-native-comp-unit
                                                  (symbol-function symbol))))
      (let ((elc-file
             (catch 'found
               (pcase-dolist (`(,file . ,elems) load-history)
                 (when (if type
                           (if (eq type 'defvar)
                               ;; Variables are present just as their
                               ;; names.
                               (member symbol elems)
                             ;; Many other types are represented as
                             ;; (TYPE . NAME).
                             (or (member (cons type symbol) elems)
                                  (alist-get type
                                             (alist-get 'define-symbol-props
                         ;; We accept all types, so look for variable def
                         ;; and then for any other kind.
                         (or (member symbol elems)
                             (let ((match (rassq symbol elems)))
                               (and match
                                    (not (eq 'require (car match)))))))
                   (throw 'found file))))))
        ;; If they asked for the .eln file, try to find it.
        (or (and elc-file
                 (let* ((sans-ext (file-name-sans-extension elc-file))
                         (and (fboundp 'zlib-available-p)
                              (concat sans-ext ".el.gz")))
                        (el-file-backup (concat sans-ext ".el")))
                   (or (and el-file (file-exists-p el-file))
                       (and (file-exists-p el-file-backup)
                            (setq el-file el-file-backup))
                       (setq el-file nil))
                   (if (stringp el-file)
                        (comp-el-to-eln-rel-filename el-file)))))

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