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[O] Babel support for the D language

From: Thierry Banel
Subject: [O] Babel support for the D language
Date: Thu, 28 Nov 2013 18:06:33 +0100
User-agent: Mozilla/5.0 (X11; Linux x86_64; rv:24.0) Gecko/20100101 Thunderbird/24.1.0


* Hi all Org fans.

I added support in Org-Babel for executing Digital Mars D code.
This is derived from the code in ob-C.el, by Eric Schulte
(thanks Eric).
I release it under the same GPL license as Emacs and Org-mode.

Comments and enhancements are welcome !

* Example. The following source block:
   #+begin_src D
   import std.stdio;
   void main()
     foreach (i; 0..9)
       writefln ("i= %4d", i);

will result in:
   : i=    0
   : i=    1
   : i=    2
   : i=    3
   : i=    4
   : i=    5
   : i=    6
   : i=    7
   : i=    8

* About Digital Mars D Language (http://dlang.org/)
D is (imo) quite an interesting language:
  - C++ syntax
  - Built-in garbage collector
  - Strong type system
  - Meta-programming
  - Seamless assembler support
  - Usable as a scripting language
  - C binary compatibility
  - and much more.

* Installation:
 - Install D
   be sure to have the rdmd compiler in the path
 - add ob-D.el in the lisp/org/ source tree
 - in the org.el file, find a line which says:
          (const :tag "C" C)
   add a similar line for D:
          (const :tag "D" D)
 - byte-compile the 2 modified *.el
 - customize the variable org-babel-load-languages enabling D
   - either through M-x customize-variable
     (you may need a restart of Emacs prior to customization)
   - or in your .emacs

-----8<----------(ob-D.el file to put in lisp/org/)----------->8--------
;;; ob-D.el --- org-babel functions for the D language

;; Copyright (C) 2013 Thierry Banel

;; Author: Thierry Banel, derived from the Eric Schulte work
;; Keywords: literate programming, reproducible research

;; This file is NOT (yet) part of GNU Emacs.

;; ob-D.el is free software: you can redistribute it and/or modify
;; it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
;; the Free Software Foundation, either version 3 of the License, or
;; (at your option) any later version.

;; ob-D.el is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
;; but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
;; GNU General Public License for more details.

;; the GNU General Public License can be obtained here:
;; <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.

;;; Commentary:
;; Org-Babel support for evaluating Digital Mars D Language code.
;; The D language home page is here:
;; http://dlang.org/

;;; Code:
(require 'ob)
(require 'ob-eval)
;;(require 'd-mode)

(declare-function org-entry-get "org"
          (pom property &optional inherit literal-nil))

(defvar org-babel-tangle-lang-exts)
(add-to-list 'org-babel-tangle-lang-exts '("D" . "D"))

(defvar org-babel-default-header-args:D '())

(defvar org-babel-D-compiler "rdmd"
  "Command used to compile and run a D source code file into an

(defun org-babel-execute:D (body params)
  "Execute a block of D code with org-babel.  This function is
called by `org-babel-execute-src-block'."
  (org-babel-D-execute body params))

(defun org-babel-D-execute (body params)
  "This function should only be called by `org-babel-execute:D'"
  (let* ((tmp-src-file (org-babel-temp-file "Dsrc" ".d"))
         (cmdline (cdr (assoc :cmdline params)))
         (flags (cdr (assoc :flags params)))
     (rdmd (format "%s %s %s"
               (mapconcat 'identity
                  (if (listp flags) flags (list flags)) " ")

               ;; On Unix, keep directory separator
               (org-babel-process-file-name tmp-src-file)))
               ;; On Windows, directory separator must be fixed
               ;;    "/" "\\\\"
               ;;    (org-babel-process-file-name tmp-src-file))))
     (full-body (org-babel-D-expand body params)))
    (with-temp-file tmp-src-file (insert full-body))

    ;; add path to D binaries if not already there
    ;;(let ((bin "c:/DLang/dmd2/windows/bin;")
    ;;      (path (getenv "PATH")))
    ;;  (unless (string-match bin path)
    ;;    (setenv "PATH" (concat bin path))))

    (org-babel-eval rdmd "")))

(defun org-babel-D-expand (body params)
  "Expand a block of D code with org-babel according to
its header arguments."
  (let ((vars (mapcar #'cdr (org-babel-get-header params :var)))
    (colname-names (cdr (car (org-babel-get-header params :colname-names))))
        (main-p (not (string= (cdr (assoc :main params)) "no")))
        (imports (mapcar #'cdr (org-babel-get-header params :import))))
     (mapconcat 'identity
         "module aaa;\n"
         ;; imports
          (lambda (inc) (format "import %s;" inc))
          imports "\n")
         ;; variables
         (mapconcat 'org-babel-D-var-to-D vars "\n")
         (mapconcat 'org-babel-D-colnames-to-D colname-names "\n")
         ;; body
         (if main-p
             (org-babel-D-ensure-main-wrap body)
           body) "\n") "\n")))

(defun org-babel-D-ensure-main-wrap (body)
  "Wrap body in a \"main\" function call if none exists."
  (if (string-match "^[ \t]*[intvod]+[ \t\n\r]*main[ \t]*(.*)" body)
    (format "int main() {\n%s\nreturn(0);\n}\n" body)))

(defun org-babel-prep-session:D (session params)
  "This function does nothing as D is a compiled language with no
support for sessions"
  (error "D is a compiled languages -- no support for sessions"))

(defun org-babel-load-session:D (session body params)
  "This function does nothing as D is a compiled language with no
support for sessions"
  (error "D is a compiled languages -- no support for sessions"))

;; helper functions

(defun org-babel-D-var-to-D (pair)
  "Convert an elisp value into a string of D code specifying a variable
of the same value."
  (let ((var (car pair))
        (val (cdr pair)))
    (when (symbolp val)
      (setq val (symbol-name val))
      (when (= (length val) 1)
        (setq val (string-to-char val))))
     ((integerp val)
      (format "int %S = %S;" var val))
     ((floatp val)
      (format "double %S = %S;" var val))
     ((stringp val)
      (format "string %S = \"%s\";" var val))
     ((listp val)
      (if (assoc var colname-names) ()
    (setq colname-names
          (cons (cons
             (let ((i 0)) (mapcar (lambda (x) (setq i (1+ i)) (format
"$%s" i))
                      (car val))))
      (format "string[][] %S = [\n[%s]];" var
          (mapconcat (lambda (row)
               (if (listp row)
                   (mapconcat (lambda (v) (format "\"%s\"" v))
      (format "u32 %S = %S;" var val)))))

(defun org-babel-D-colnames-to-D (pair)
  "Convert an elisp list of header table into a D vector
specifying a variable with the name of the table"
  (let ((table (car pair))
    (headers (cdr pair)))
    (format "string[] %S_headers = [%s];"
        (mapconcat (lambda (h) (format "%S" h)) headers ","))))

(provide 'ob-D)

;;; ob-D.el ends here

-----8<----------(end of ob-D.el)----------->8--------

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