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Re: [O] Export tangle filename with source block

From: Thibault Marin
Subject: Re: [O] Export tangle filename with source block
Date: Sat, 08 Oct 2016 14:36:35 -0500
User-agent: mu4e 0.9.16; emacs 24.5.1

Hi all,

I am following up on a question I posted here a while ago to show my progress in
case it can help others and to ask for a few clarifications.  I would appreciate
any feedback.

My goal is to add a label to source blocks on HTML export to indicate the name
of the file to which the block is tangled.

The issues originally raised were:
1) How to display the label in HTML export?
2) How to get the tangle file name, which may come from
   1) a file property (e.g. #+PROPERTY: header-args :tangle file-main.py in the
      file header),
   2) a section property (e.g. :header-args: :tangle file-prop.py in a property
   3) the source block header line (e.g. #+BEGIN_SRC python :tangle no)?

It appears that the best way to achieve this is to define a derived backend with
special handling for src-block objects as in

* Example file

Here is the example file I am working with.

,#+TITLE: Test
,#+PROPERTY: header-args :tangle file-main.py

,#+NAME: src-no-1
,#+BEGIN_SRC python :tangle no

,#+NAME: src-header
,#+BEGIN_SRC python :tangle file-header.py
# Tangle to file-header.py

,#+NAME: src-main
,#+BEGIN_SRC python
# Tangle to file-main.py

,* section
  :header-args: :tangle file-prop.py

,#+NAME: src-prop
,#+BEGIN_SRC python :tangle file-prop.py
# Tangle to file-prop.py

,#+NAME: src-no-2
,#+BEGIN_SRC python :tangle no

* Formatting the label

I think I have a satisfactory (at least for me) solution for this: in my
src-block exporter I first pass the src-block by the regular HTML exporter:
#+BEGIN_SRC emacs-lisp
(let ((export-out (org-export-with-backend 'html src-block contents info)))

Later, I add a HTML "<div>" block under the "<pre>" block for the source.  I do
this using a regexp:
#+BEGIN_SRC emacs-lisp
(let ((src-start-pat "\\(<pre class=\"src src-[^>]+>\\)"))
  (setq export-out
         (concat "\\1<div style=\"position: absolute; bottom: 0;"
                 " right: 0; text-align:right;\" class=\"src-label\">"
                 tang "</div>") export-out)))

This adds the label on the bottom right corner of the "<pre>" block and uses the
"src-label" class, which can be customized via CSS.

* Getting the tangle filename

I am working with the assumption that this will be done from my src-block
handling function in the derived backend:
#+BEGIN_SRC emacs-lisp
(defun my-html-src-block (src-block contents info)

(org-export-define-derived-backend 'my-html 'html
  :translate-alist '((src-block . my-html-src-block)))

I run the following code to perform the export using my new backend:
#+BEGIN_SRC emacs-lisp
(org-export-to-file 'my-html (buffer-file-name))

*Question 1*: Is the `org-element-src-block-parser' function supposed to resolve
 the tangle filename (including inheritance, i.e. to handle the 3 :tangle
 sources listed above)?

>From the docstring, it would appear that it shouldn't return a :tangle keyword
and that the tangling functions are responsible for choosing the output tangle
file for each block.  Is this correct?

Hoping that my understanding of *Question 1* is correct, I tried to use the
`org-babel-tangle-single-block' and `org-babel-tangle-collect-blocks' functions,
which are used during the actual tangling, to get the tangle filename.

** Working version

Here is what I was able to get to work on my simple example:

#+BEGIN_SRC emacs-lisp

(defun my-html-src-block (src-block contents info)
  "Transcode a SRC-BLOCK element from Org to HTML.
     CONTENTS is nil.  INFO is a plist used as a communication
  (let* ((src-block-name (org-element-property :name src-block))
          (cdr (car (org-babel-tangle-collect-blocks))))
         (export-out (org-export-with-backend 'html src-block contents info)))
    (dolist (src-coll src-blocks)
      (when (string= (nth 3 src-coll) src-block-name)
        (setq tang (cdr (assoc :tangle (nth 4 src-coll))))))
    (if (and tang (> (length tang) 0) (not (string= tang "no")))
        (let ((src-start-pat "\\(<pre class=\"src src-[^>]+>\\)"))
          (setq export-out
                 (concat "\\1<div style=\"position: absolute; bottom: 0;"
                         " right: 0; text-align:right;\" class=\"src-label\">"
                         tang "</div>") export-out))))


To summarize:
- Collect all the tangled blocks
- Among these, find the one currently passed as input (match by source block
- Get the :tangle property from the matching collected source-block

The main problem I see which this approach is that it collects all the source
blocks for each src-block entry to process.  This makes the exporting process

Another issue is that this requires named blocks, but this constraint is
acceptable for me.

** Improvements (which I cannot get to work)

- Add collected blocks to `info' in order to perform the collection only once
  and re-use it for subsequent blocks: I couldn't get it to work, function
  arguments seem to be passed by value (?)
- Use `org-babel-tangle-single-block' to process only one block at a time, this
  sounds like the right method.  I believe I must first move point to the
  src-block being processed, which I try to do with
  (org-babel-goto-named-src-block src-block-name): this gives me the correct
  tangle filename when run from a simple code snippet in the scratch buffer
  (using (org-element-map (org-element-parse-buffer) ...)), but results in the
  wrong tangle file when I do that within the `my-html-src-block' function (the
  :tangle options passed on the #+BEGIN_SRC line as in case 3. are ignored and
  are always preempted by the inherited tangle value coming either from the
  ,#+PROPERTY entry or the PROPERTY drawer value).  *Question 2*: How can I use
  `org-babel-tangle-single-block' within the custom src-block handling function?
  I notice the (point) value is different after the
  (org-babel-goto-named-src-block src-block-name) call when used from the
  `my-html-src-block' function (possibly due to some pre-processing performed on
  the buffer, I am not sure).

Sorry for the lengthy post, I hope it is not out of place on this list.  Thanks
in advance for any help.


* Original message

> Hi list,
> I have an org file that I am tangling into multiple files, and exporting
> to html.  What I would like to do is to label each source block in the
> exported html with the filename used for tangling this specific block.
> I don't have a strong opinion about the actual appearance of the label
> (adding a comment at the top of the source block, hover in the code
> textarea, other?).
> I couldn't find any option to do that, so I initially though of using
> `org-export-filter-src-block-functions' (following
> http://orgmode.org/manual/Advanced-configuration.html).  I was not able
> to get the org-element object for the current block from the parameter
> received by the filter.  It looks like the third parameter (`info') may
> have more information but I currently don't see how to get (1) the
> current source block, and (2) the tangling filename.
> I then tried to define a derived backend with custom handling of source
> blocks as described in the documentation.
> I currently have the following, where I try to get the tangle filename
> using `org-babel-get-src-block-info', and later insert it into the html
> content using an ugly regexp.
> (defun my-html-src-block (src-block contents info)
>   "Transcode a SRC-BLOCK element from Org to HTML.
>      CONTENTS is nil.  INFO is a plist used as a communication
>      channel."
>   (let* ((lang (org-element-property :language src-block))
>          (src-info (org-babel-get-src-block-info t src-block))
>          (tang (cdr (assq :tangle (nth 2 src-info))))
>          (export-out (org-export-with-backend 'html src-block contents info))
>          )
>     (if (and (string= lang "lua") (and tang (> (length tang) 0)))
>         (progn
>           (let ((src-start-pat "\\(<pre class=\"src src-lua\" 
> id=\"[^\"]+*\">\\)"))
>             (replace-regexp-in-string src-start-pat
>                                       (concat "\\1"
>                                               "\n-- ["
>                                               tang
>                                               "]\n\n") export-out)
>             )
>           )
>       export-out
>       )
>     )
>   )
> (org-export-define-derived-backend 'my-html 'html
>   :translate-alist '((src-block . my-html-src-block)))
> Besides feeling wrong, this always gets the tangle name from the top
> level org option ("#+PROPERTY: tangle main-file" at the top of the file)
> instead of the one overridden by individual blocks "#+BEGIN_SRC :tangle
> other-file".  Moreover the added comment is not syntax highlighted and
> this feels really wrong.
> Does anybody have any idea on how to achieve this?
> Thanks in advance.
> thibault

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