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Re: [Fsfe-france] Droit des brevets: brevetabilité des inventions mises

From: Loic Dachary
Subject: Re: [Fsfe-france] Droit des brevets: brevetabilité des inventions mises en oeuvre par ordinateur
Date: Tue, 24 Jun 2003 11:35:35 +0200

Un peu tard je le crains, voici deux références essentielles selon moi:

        \item[{\bf Brevets logiciels : une nuisance}]
          Les brevets sont inadaptés pour le logiciel (52 par. 2c convention de 
          Le système des brevet se justifie pour favoriser l'innovation.
          Les études économiques montrent que les brevets logiciels nuisent à 
l'innovation {\bf [2], [3]}.

            \item {\bf [2] An Empirical Look at Software Patents (MIT, mai 
2003) }. \\
    Abstract: U.S. legal changes have made it easier to obtain patents
    on inventions that use software. Software patents now comprise 15%
    of all patents. Compared with other patents, software patents are
    more likely to be owned by large U.S. firms. Most are assigned to
    manufacturing firms; only 6\% belong to software publishers. Our
    regression analysis finds that software patents have become a
    cheap form of appropriability. This cost advantage, not the
    profitability of software, accounts for most of their increased
    use. Also, software patents substitute for firm R\&D rather than
    complement it. Their use is associated with substantially lower
    R\&D intensity, consistent with strategic "patent thicket"


            \item {\bf [3] Bill Gates à propos des brevets logiciels (Lawrence 
Lessig, août 2002)}. \\
    "If people had understood how patents would be granted when most
    of today's ideas were invented and had taken out patents, the
    industry would be at a complete standstill today." ... "The
    solution is patenting as much as we can. A future startup with no
    patents of its own will be forced to pay whatever price the giants
    choose to impose. That price might be high. Established companies
    have an interest in excluding future competitors." - Bill Gates


Loic   Dachary         http://www.dachary.org/  address@hidden
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