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[Fsfe-france] FT: deux articles PI et "open source"

From: Laurent GUERBY
Subject: [Fsfe-france] FT: deux articles PI et "open source"
Date: Tue, 27 Sep 2005 12:47:54 +0200

Source: slashdot.


James Boyle: More rights are wrong for webcasters
By James Boyle
Published: September 26 2005 18:58 | Last updated: September 26 2005

James BoyleI teach intellectual property law, a subject that is
attracting attention from economists, political scientists and people
who simply want to make money. These, after all, are the rules that
define the high­technology marketplace. Are we doing a good job of
writing those rules? The answer is no. Three tendencies stand out.

First and most lamentably, intellectual property laws are created
without any empirical evidence that they are necessary or that they will
help rather than hurt. Second, the policymaking process has failed to
keep track of the increasing importance of intellectual property rights
to everything from freedom of expression and communications policy to
economic development or access to educational materials. We still make
law as though it were just a deal brokered between industry groups --
balancing the interests of content companies with those of broadcasters,
for example. The public interest in competition, access, free speech and
vigorous technological markets takes a back seat. What matters is making
the big boys happy. Finally, communications networks are increasingly
built around intellectual property rules, as law regulates technology
more and more directly; not always to good effect.

The World Intellectual Property Organisation has now managed to combine
all three lamentable tendencies at once. The Broadcasting and Webcasting
Treaty, currently being debated in Geneva, is an IP hat trick.

[...] Has WIPO commissioned empirical studies to see if the right was
necessary, comparing those nations that adopted it with those that did
not? Of course not. This is intellectual property policy: we do not need
facts. We can create monopolies on faith. 

(J'aime bien la derniere formule)

How open source gave power to the people
By Richard Waters
Published: September 19 2005 12:46 | Last updated: September 20 2005

Open sourceThe sedentary art of software development and the extreme
sports of kitesurfing, sailplaning and canyoning would appear to have
little in common.

However, both are examples of a new force that could eventually affect a
far broader range of companies and industries: the power of users to
shape how products are developed.

In the internet age, it seems, the next big idea to change your industry
may come from an unexpected direction.

As related* by Eric von Hippell, professor of management and innovation
at the Sloan School of Management at MIT, followers of extreme sports
have become expert at adapting and refining the equipment they use.
Sometimes, the way these informal communities work can look very similar
to the way open source software developers create their elaborate

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