[Date Prev][Date Next][Thread Prev][Thread Next][Date Index][Thread Index]
Inverted index to accelerate guix package search
From: |
Arun Isaac |
Subject: |
Inverted index to accelerate guix package search |
Date: |
Sun, 12 Jan 2020 20:33:51 +0530 |
Hi,
I have a proof of concept inverted index based accelerator for guix
package search. The attached proof of concept script searches for
packages whose description contains a certain query string, and achieves
at least a 10x speedup (maybe more!) over brute force search.
Example proof of concept script run below:
Building index
clock utime stime cutime cstime gctime
9.15 11.62 0.16 0.00 0.00 5.63
Brute force search
clock utime stime cutime cstime gctime
0.12 0.12 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Inverted index search
clock utime stime cutime cstime gctime
0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
* Method
We iterate over all package descriptions, decompose them into trigrams
(substrings of length 3), and build an "inverted index" -- a hash table
mapping trigrams to package names. Building this index needs to be done
only once, say during 'guix pull'. When the user provides a search
string, we decompose the search string into trigrams and use the
inverted index to look up packages whose descriptions contain those
trigrams. For typical search strings, this only has an average
complexity of O(1) whereas brute force search over all package
descriptions scales as O(n).
* Extension to regexp search
The attached proof of concept script only works for exact string
search. However, I can extend this to work for arbitrary regular
expressions (see references) if there is sufficient interest to have
this in Guix.
I think performance of guix package search will become even more
important as the number of packages in Guix grows. And, even as it is,
guix package search is relatively slow. Having blazing fast package
search could do wonders for user experience and user perception of
Guix's speed! :-)
WDYT?
* References
- https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Inverted_index
- http://wonconsulting.com/~cho/papers/cho-regex.pdf
- https://swtch.com/~rsc/regexp/regexp4.html
Regards,
Arun
(use-modules (gnu packages)
(guix packages)
(ice-9 match)
(ice-9 time)
(srfi srfi-1)
(srfi srfi-26))
;;; Implementation of sets using hash tables
(define make-set make-hash-table)
(define set-element-of? hash-ref)
(define set-add! (cut hash-set! <> <> #t))
(define set->list (cut hash-map->list (lambda (element _) element) <>))
(define (set-intersection set1 set2)
"Return the intersection of SET1 with SET2"
(let ((result (make-set)))
(hash-for-each (lambda (element _)
(when (set-element-of? set2 element)
(set-add! result element)))
set1)
result))
(define (trigrams str)
"Return all trigrams in STR."
(if (< (string-length str) 3)
(list)
(map (lambda (start)
(substring str start (+ start 3)))
(iota (- (string-length str) 2)))))
;; Inverted index
(define index (make-hash-table))
(define (build-index!)
"Return an inverted index of all trigrams in the descriptions of all
packages."
(fold-packages (lambda (package _)
(for-each (lambda (trigram)
(let ((set (hash-ref index trigram (make-set))))
(set-add! set (package-name package))
(hash-set! index trigram set)))
(trigrams (package-description package))))
#f)
index)
(define (brute-force-retrieve query)
"Return names of all packages whose descriptions contain the string QUERY.
Search brute force by folding over all packages."
(fold-packages (lambda (package result)
(if (string-contains (package-description package) query)
(cons (package-name package) result)
result))
(list)))
(define (inverted-index-retrieve query)
"Return names of all packages whose descriptions contain the string QUERY.
Search using the pre-built inverted index."
(match (trigrams query)
((first-trigram . remaining-trigrams)
(set->list
(fold (lambda (trigram result)
(set-intersection result (hash-ref index trigram)))
(hash-ref index first-trigram)
remaining-trigrams)))
(() (brute-force-retrieve query))))
(display "Building index")
(newline)
(time (build-index!))
(newline)
(display "Brute force search")
(newline)
(time (brute-force-retrieve "game"))
(newline)
(display "Inverted index search")
(newline)
(time (inverted-index-retrieve "game"))
(newline)
signature.asc
Description: PGP signature
- Inverted index to accelerate guix package search,
Arun Isaac <=
- Re: Inverted index to accelerate guix package search, Pierre Neidhardt, 2020/01/13
- Re: Inverted index to accelerate guix package search, Arun Isaac, 2020/01/13
- Re: Inverted index to accelerate guix package search, zimoun, 2020/01/13
- Re: Inverted index to accelerate guix package search, Bengt Richter, 2020/01/13
- Re: Inverted index to accelerate guix package search, Pierre Neidhardt, 2020/01/14
- Re: Inverted index to accelerate guix package search, Giovanni Biscuolo, 2020/01/14
- Re: Inverted index to accelerate guix package search, zimoun, 2020/01/14
- Re: Inverted index to accelerate guix package search, Pierre Neidhardt, 2020/01/14
- Re: Inverted index to accelerate guix package search, zimoun, 2020/01/14
- Re: Inverted index to accelerate guix package search, Pierre Neidhardt, 2020/01/15