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gcc-10 toolchain does not include string to numeric conversion functions

From: Erik Garrison
Subject: gcc-10 toolchain does not include string to numeric conversion functions like std::stoull
Date: Tue, 9 Jun 2020 11:45:52 +0200

Hello guix-devel,

I've run into a quirk in the various gcc toolchains that seems somewhat unique to guix builds of them. I'd like to understand if this is intentional.

Initially, I found that string to numeric conversion functions that are enabled by _GLIBCXX_USE_C99_STDLIB are not available on guix gcc toolchains for gcc 8, 9, and 10.

This is a minimal test case to reproduce the problem:


#include <iostream>
#include <string>

uint64_t _parse_number(std::string::const_iterator& c, const std::string::const_iterator& end) {
    std::string::const_iterator s = c;
    while (c != end and isdigit(*c)) ++c;
    if (c > s) {
        return std::stoull(std::string(s,c));
    } else {
        return 0;

int main(int argc, char** argv) {
    std::string s(argv[1]);
    std::string::const_iterator b = s.begin();
    std::string::const_iterator e = s.end();
    std::cout << _parse_number(b, e) << std::endl;
    return 0;

Compiling with (g++ --version == 10.1.0), /gnu/store/3kvnslc16sy7kwi2c5r7r5k6bbv2p03f-gcc-toolchain-10.1.0/bin/g++

g++ test-stoull.cpp -o test-stoull

Yields this error:

test-stoull.cpp: In function ‘uint64_t _parse_number(std::__cxx11::basic_string<char>::const_iterator&, const const_iterator&)’:
test-stoull.cpp:13:33: error: invalid initialization of reference of type ‘const wstring&’ {aka ‘const std::__cxx11::basic_string<wchar_t>&’} from _expression_ of type ‘std::string’ {aka ‘std::__cxx11::basic_string<char>’}
   13 |         return std::stoull(std::string(s,c));
      |                                 ^~~~~~~~~~~
In file included from /home/erikg/.guix-profile/include/c++/string:55,
                 from /home/erikg/.guix-profile/include/c++/bits/locale_classes.h:40,
                 from /home/erikg/.guix-profile/include/c++/bits/ios_base.h:41,
                 from /home/erikg/.guix-profile/include/c++/ios:42,
                 from /home/erikg/.guix-profile/include/c++/ostream:38,
                 from /home/erikg/.guix-profile/include/c++/iostream:39,
                 from test-stoull.cpp:1:
/home/erikg/.guix-profile/include/c++/bits/basic_string.h:6697:25: note: in passing argument 1 of ‘long long unsigned int std::__cxx11::stoull(const wstring&, std::size_t*, int)’
 6697 |   stoull(const wstring& __str, size_t* __idx = 0, int __base = 10)
      |          ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~^~~~~

I understand that there might be concern about my particular .guix-profile, but it's possible to reproduce this in containers. I can provide more test cases if needed, but I just wanted to clarify in general what I'm seeing.

This behavior appears to be similar to this issue: It's also similar to this report,

It may be more correct to require wstring in these kinds of conversions. However, I'm concerned that if gcc is built differently in guix than it typically is in other distributions, we will need to patch many libraries when building them on guix. It's probably better to match typical expectations of developers about the behavior of gcc.

Thanks in advance,


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