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[bug#57050] [PATCH v3 12/14] gnu: chez-scheme-for-racket: Suport all sys

From: Philip McGrath
Subject: [bug#57050] [PATCH v3 12/14] gnu: chez-scheme-for-racket: Suport all systems.
Date: Thu, 25 Aug 2022 04:54:14 -0400

On systems for which Racket's variant of Chez Scheme cannot generate
native code, it can use a 'pbarch' machine type: a variant of the
``portable bytecode'' backend specialized to word size and endianness.
This allows Racket CS to replace Racket BC on those systems while
maintaining comparable performance. (Racket BC lacks JIT support for
those systems anyway.) It also lets us provide a Chez Scheme package on
all systems Guix supports.

This patch adds 'pbarch' support to both 'chez-scheme-for-racket' and
'racket-vm-cs', but it does not change the Racket VM implementation used
for the 'racket' and 'racket-minimal' packages.

* gnu/packages/chez.scm (nix-system->pbarch-machine-type): New variable.
(chez-scheme-for-racket)[inputs]: Use 'libffi' for non-native systems.
[arguments]<#:configure-flags>: Always supply '-m='. Add applicable
flags for non-native systems.
[supported-systems]: Use '%supported-systems'.
[description]: Update.
(chez-scheme-for-racket-bootstrap-bootfiles)[arguments]<#:phases>: Adapt
'build' phase for non-native systems.
* gnu/packages/racket.scm (racket-vm-bc)[description]: Update.
(racket-vm-cs)[description]: Likewise.
[inputs]: Use 'libffi' for non-native systems.
[arguments]<#:configure-flags>: Add applicable flags for non-native
 gnu/packages/chez.scm   | 76 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-----------
 gnu/packages/racket.scm | 26 +++++++++-----
 2 files changed, 74 insertions(+), 28 deletions(-)

diff --git a/gnu/packages/chez.scm b/gnu/packages/chez.scm
index 26f653ea9d..5d152b3db5 100644
--- a/gnu/packages/chez.scm
+++ b/gnu/packages/chez.scm
@@ -37,6 +37,7 @@ (define-module (gnu packages chez)
   #:use-module (gnu packages compression)
   #:use-module (gnu packages ncurses)
   #:use-module (gnu packages ghostscript)
+  #:use-module (gnu packages libffi)
   #:use-module (gnu packages linux)
   #:use-module (gnu packages netpbm)
   #:use-module (gnu packages racket)
@@ -49,6 +50,7 @@ (define-module (gnu packages chez)
   #:use-module (srfi srfi-26)
   #:export (chez-scheme-for-system
+            nix-system->pbarch-machine-type
 ;; Commentary:
@@ -231,6 +233,28 @@ (define* (chez-upstream-features-for-system #:optional
     (and=> (assoc-ref %chez-features-table chez-os)
            (cut assoc-ref <> chez-arch))))
+(define* (nix-system->pbarch-machine-type #:optional
+                                          (system
+                                           (or (%current-target-system)
+                                               (%current-system)))
+                                          #:key (threads? #t))
+  "Return a string naming the pseudo–machine type used by Racket's variant of
+Chez Scheme to represent the appropriate ``pbarch'' backend for SYSTEM: that
+is, the ``portable bytecode'' backend specialized for SYSTEM's word size and
+endianness.  The result will name the threaded machine type unless THREADS? is
+provided and is #f."
+  (string-append (if threads?
+                     "t"
+                     "")
+                 "pb"
+                 (if (target-64bit? system)
+                     "64"
+                     "32")
+                 ;; missing (guix utils) predicate target-little-endian?
+                 (if (target-ppc32? system)
+                     "b"
+                     "l")))
 (define* (racket-cs-native-supported-system? #:optional
                                               (or (%current-target-system)
@@ -449,10 +473,14 @@ (define-public chez-scheme-for-racket
     ;; When updating, remember to also update %racket-version in racket.scm.
     (source #f) ; avoid problematic cycle with racket.scm
-     (modify-inputs (package-inputs chez-scheme)
-       (delete "libx11" "util-linux:lib")
-        (replace "chez-scheme-bootstrap-bootfiles"
-          chez-scheme-for-racket-bootstrap-bootfiles)))
+     (let ((inputs (modify-inputs (package-inputs chez-scheme)
+                     (replace "chez-scheme-bootstrap-bootfiles"
+                       chez-scheme-for-racket-bootstrap-bootfiles)
+                     (delete "libx11" "util-linux:lib"))))
+       (if (racket-cs-native-supported-system?)
+           inputs
+           (modify-inputs inputs
+             (prepend libffi)))))
      (let ((native-inputs (modify-inputs (package-native-inputs chez-scheme)
                             (prepend zuo))))
@@ -473,10 +501,16 @@ (define-public chez-scheme-for-racket
        ((#:configure-flags cfg-flags #~'())
             "--threads" ;; ok to potentially duplicate
-            #$@(if (%current-target-system)
-                   (list (string-append "-m="
-                                        (racket-cs-native-supported-system?)))
-                   '())
+            #$(string-append "-m=" (or (racket-cs-native-supported-system?)
+                                       (nix-system->pbarch-machine-type)))
+            ;; ^ could skip -m= for non-cross non-pbarch builds
+            #$@(if (racket-cs-native-supported-system?)
+                   #~()
+                   ;; not inferred on non-native platforms: see
+                   ;;
+                   #~("--enable-libffi"
+                      "CFLAGS=-g -O2 -D_REENTRANT -pthread"
+                      "LIBS=-lm -ldl -lrt -lffi -lncurses"))
             #$@(if (%current-target-system)
                    (list (string-append "--toolprefix="
@@ -543,10 +577,7 @@ (define-public chez-scheme-for-racket
               (add-after 'unpack 'chdir
                 (lambda args
                   (chdir "racket/src/ChezScheme"))))))))
-    ;; TODO: How to build pbarch/pbchunks for other systems?
-    ;; See
-    (supported-systems (filter racket-cs-native-supported-system?
-                               %supported-systems))
+    (supported-systems %supported-systems)
     (home-page "";)
     ;; ^ This is downstream of,
     ;; but it's designed to be a friendly landing place for people
@@ -559,13 +590,17 @@ (define-public chez-scheme-for-racket
 Main additions to Chez Scheme in the Racket variant:
 @itemize @bullet
-AArch64 support
+AArch64 code generation
-Portable bytes (@code{pb}) support, which is mainly useful for bootstrapping
-a build on any supported platform
+Portable bytecode (@code{pb}) mode, which is mainly useful for bootstrapping a
+build on any platform, but can also be used on platforms without native-code
+generation, compiled via Emscripten, linked with @code{libffi}, or used with
+bytecode partially compiled to C
 Unboxed floating-point arithmetic and flvectors
+Faster multiplication and division for large exact numbers
 Type reconstruction during optimization (especially for safe code)
 Continuation attachments
@@ -576,8 +611,6 @@ (define-public chez-scheme-for-racket
 Ordered finalization, immobile (but collectable) objects, weak/ephemeron
 generic hash tables, and reference bytevectors
-Faster multiplication and division for large exact numbers
 @end itemize")
     (license asl2.0)))
@@ -655,13 +688,18 @@ (define-public chez-scheme-for-racket-bootstrap-bootfiles
                          (search-input-file (or native-inputs inputs)
-                         #$(racket-cs-native-supported-system?)))
+                         #$(or (racket-cs-native-supported-system?)
+                               (nix-system->pbarch-machine-type))))
                       ;; bootstrapping
                          (search-input-file (or native-inputs inputs)
-                         "rktboot/main.rkt"))))))))))
+                         "rktboot/main.rkt"
+                         #$@(if (racket-cs-native-supported-system?)
+                                #~()
+                                (let ((m (nix-system->pbarch-machine-type)))
+                                  #~("--machine" #$m)))))))))))))
      (package-supported-systems chez-scheme-for-racket))
     (home-page "";)
diff --git a/gnu/packages/racket.scm b/gnu/packages/racket.scm
index 90e5e88be5..2fecae31f8 100644
--- a/gnu/packages/racket.scm
+++ b/gnu/packages/racket.scm
@@ -313,7 +313,7 @@ (define-public racket-vm-cgc
      (version %racket-version)
      (source %racket-origin)
      (inputs (list ncurses ;; <- common to all variants (for #%terminal)
-                   libffi)) ;; <- only for BC variants
+                   libffi)) ;; <- for BC and non-native CS variants
      (native-inputs (cons* zuo ;; <- for all variants
                            libtool ;; <- only for BC variants
                            (if (%current-target-system)
@@ -419,10 +419,8 @@ (define-public racket-vm-bc
     (description "The Racket BC (``before Chez'' or ``bytecode'')
 implementation was the default before Racket 8.0.  It uses a compiler written
 in C targeting architecture-independent bytecode, plus a JIT compiler on most
-platforms.  Racket BC has a different C API and supports a slightly different
-set of architectures than the current default runtime system, Racket CS (based
-on ``Chez Scheme'').  It is the recommended implementation for architectures
-that Racket CS doesn't support.
+platforms.  Racket BC has a different C API than the current default runtime
+system, Racket CS (based on ``Chez Scheme'').
 This package is the normal implementation of Racket BC with a precise garbage
 collector, 3M (``Moving Memory Manager'').")
@@ -435,9 +433,12 @@ (define-public racket-vm-cs
     (inherit racket-vm-bc)
     (name "racket-vm-cs")
-     (modify-inputs (package-inputs racket-vm-cgc)
-       (prepend zlib lz4)
-       (delete "libffi")))
+     (let ((inputs (modify-inputs (package-inputs racket-vm-cgc)
+                     (prepend zlib lz4))))
+       (if (racket-cs-native-supported-system?)
+           (modify-inputs inputs
+             (delete "libffi"))
+           inputs)))
      (let ((native-inputs (package-native-inputs racket-vm-cgc)))
        (modify-inputs (if (%current-target-system)
@@ -466,12 +467,19 @@ (define-public racket-vm-cs
+                 #$@(if (racket-cs-native-supported-system?)
+                        #~()
+                        #~(#$(string-append "--enable-mach="
+                                            (nix-system->pbarch-machine-type))
+                           "--enable-pb"))
     (synopsis "Racket CS implementation")
     (description "The Racket CS implementation, which uses ``Chez Scheme'' as
 its core compiler and runtime system, has been the default Racket VM
 implementation since Racket 8.0.  It performs better than the Racket BC
-implementation for most programs.
+implementation for most programs.  On systems for which Racket CS cannot
+generate machine code, this package uses a variant of its ``portable
+bytecode'' backend specialized for word size and endianness.
 Using the Racket VM packages directly is not recommended: instead, install the
 @code{racket-minimal} or @code{racket} packages.")

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