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Re: How to set outline-level in the first line?


From: Heinz Tuechler
Subject: Re: How to set outline-level in the first line?
Date: Fri, 11 May 2007 10:18:03 +0100

Dear Stefan!

Thank you for your answer and the explanation. Now it works well.
The first line, I tested is:
-*- mode: text; mode:outline-minor; outline-regexp:"#\\{2,5\\} ";
outline-level: (lambda () (interactive) (cond ((looking-at "##### ")
1)((looking-at "#### ") 2)((looking-at "### ") 3)((looking-at "## ") 4)  (t
1000))) -*-

For me it has the same effect as:
-*- mode: text; mode:outline-minor; outline-regexp:"#\\{2,5\\} "; eval:
(setq outline-level (defun outline-level () (interactive) (cond
((looking-at "##### ") 1)((looking-at "#### ") 2)((looking-at "### ")
3)((looking-at "## ") 4)  (t 1000)))) -*-

I wanted to solve this problem by local variables, because in this way
others may use it on a per file basis. For my own use I did as you
suggested and added a hook in my .emacs file.

Thanks again,

Heinz

At 01:08 11.05.2007 -0400, Stefan Monnier wrote:
>> some days ago I sent the message below to the list.  Until now, I did not
>> receive any answer.
>> I assume, this means, it is not possible to set outline-level as local
>> variable in the first line (except by eval:).
>> Could one of you experts confirm this opinion? I would be happy about some
>> yes/no answer.
>
>It's definitely possible.  But since it's dangerous (in case the file comes
>>from someone you don't trust), Emacs should try to make it a bit harder.
>
>>> The outline-level should be:
>>> (setq outline-level (defun outline-level ()
>>> "adjust outline-level to R-comments"         
>>> (interactive)
>>> (cond ((looking-at "#\\{5\\} ") 1)
>>> ((looking-at "#### ") 2)
>>> ((looking-at "### ") 3)
>>> ((looking-at "## ") 4)  
>>> (t 1000))))
>
>This can't be right.  `defun' is a command which is used for its
>side-effect, not its return value.  Use:
>
>(setq outline-level (lambda ()
>                     "Adjust outline-level to R-comments."
>                     (interactive)
>                     (cond ((looking-at "#\\{5\\} ") 1)
>                           ((looking-at "#### ") 2)
>                           ((looking-at "### ") 3)
>                           ((looking-at "## ") 4)
>                           (t 1000))))
>
>instead, or
>
>(defun my-R-outline-level ()
>  "Adjust outline-level to R-comments."
>  (interactive)
>  (cond ((looking-at "#\\{5\\} ") 1)
>        ((looking-at "#### ") 2)
>       ((looking-at "### ") 3)
>       ((looking-at "## ") 4)
>       (t 1000))))
>
>(setq outline-level 'my-R-outline-level)
>
>
>>> I tried to do this in the first line by something like
>>> outline-level: (defun outline-level () (interactive) (cond ((looking-at
>>> "##### ") 1)((looking-at "#### ") 2)((looking-at "### ") 3)((looking-at
"##
>>> ") 4)  (t 1000)))
>>> but I did not find the right way.
>
>The expression after the : should be a *value*, not an expression: it will
>not be evaluated but just directly assigned to the variable.
>I.e.
>
>       foo-bar: (+ 3 4)
>
>will not set `foo-bar' to 7 but to the 3-element list containing the
>symbol + and the integers 3 and 4.  Luckily (lambda () ...) *is* a value, so
>
> outline-level: (lambda () (interactive) (cond ((looking-at
> "##### ") 1)((looking-at "#### ") 2)((looking-at "### ") 3)((looking-at "##
> ") 4)  (t 1000)))
>
>might work (provided you add the necessary -*- around, of course.
>
>Another option might be to change your R mode with
>
>   (add-hook 'R-mode-hook 'my-R-outline-level)
>
>
>-- Stefan
>_______________________________________________
>help-gnu-emacs mailing list
>address@hidden
>http://lists.gnu.org/mailman/listinfo/help-gnu-emacs
>





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