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Re: How to install previous versions?

From: Zelphir Kaltstahl
Subject: Re: How to install previous versions?
Date: Sat, 10 Oct 2020 17:14:45 +0200
User-agent: Mozilla/5.0 (X11; Linux x86_64; rv:68.0) Gecko/20100101 Thunderbird/68.10.0

Hello Zimoun!

Thank you for your reply! I have a few follow up questions.

On 10/9/20 6:37 PM, zimoun wrote:
> Hi,
> On Fri, 9 Oct 2020 at 19:19, Zelphir Kaltstahl
> <> wrote:
> On this web page, you can click on the date: first commit and last
> commit known to have this version.  You can even see the status
> (build, failed, pending, etc.) on this web page (appending
> 'output-history')

So far so good, I get until this point.

> For example, clicking leads to:

Here is where I am lost. Where do I need to click?

I see a link named
`/gnu/store/wlj2bq4g9ki9iz6vqlv366c0v5qmszg7-python-redis-3.3.8`, which
seems to be the latest of the python-redis 3.3.8 version, but that one
leads me elsewhere, leads me to

> And this gives you the commit with 'python-redis@3.8', using the command:
>   guix time-machine --commit=f5111b \
>          -- environment --ad-hoc python-redis python \
>          -- python

OK, assume I get the commit id.

I just tried this with the following command:

guix time-machine --commit=f5111b -- environment --ad-hoc 'python-redis@3.3.8' 
'python@3.8' -- python3.8

That runs for a quite while and then I get:

Updating channel 'guix' from Git repository at 
guile: warning: failed to install locale
guix environment: error: python: package not found for version 3.8.2

My guess is, that in this commit of Guix there was no Python 3.8.2 yet?
Or perhaps `python-redis` was not build for that Python version?

I do not have a specific use-case at this moment, but I would like to
know how to get those specific versions, the same every single time I
run the command. To compare, when I create a virtual environment using:

python3 -m venv venv
source venv/bin/activate
pip install --requirement requirements.txt

I can write the version of python-redis in my requirements.txt file and
it will install just fine. That means, that is it compatible, so it's
not a compatibility issue of python@3.8.2 and python-redis@3.3.8.
However, those virtual environments are not reproducible, as there are
no hashes stored or anything and everything relies on version numbers
only. If anyone changed the code behind a version number, it would
install different code. It would be cooler to have it in Guix and

>> So how would I need to write my manifest.scm or my one-liner to get back
>> to that older version?
> The best is to write a manifest file, say manifest.scm containing the
> package you need:
> --8<---------------cut here---------------start------------->8---
> (specfications->manifest
>   (list
>    "python-redis"
>    "python"
>    "foo"
>    "bar"
>    "etc"))
> --8<---------------cut here---------------end--------------->8---
But that is, what I already have, isn't it? There is no part in this,
that indicates `guix time-machine`. If time-machine is necessary to get
the older version of python-redis@3.3.8 in the command line, then there
must be something I need to write in the manifest.scm file to let Guix
know, that I want a specific commit id. Or perhaps this is not possible
with a manifest? Or is the idea, that I need to have a tracked channel
as well to achieve it?
> The other no-so-said is to track "guix describe", you *should* _track_
> the file channels.scm:
>    guix describe -f channels.scm
OK this is probably the part, where I need to read the docs about it. I
do not have a channels.scm and I do not know what does in there. I only
have a vague idea about channels in my head.
> Then later or on another machine, you simply run the command:
>    guix time-machine -C path/to/channels.scm \
>           -- <subcommand> -m path/to/manifest.scm <options>
If I understand this correctly, a manifest with specific versions can
only be guaranteed to work, if I track a channel as well. And somehow in
that channel definition, I must specify which commit of Guix I am on?
But wouldn't that limit my choice of libraries to what was available in
one commit?
> Hope that helps,
> simon

Thanks for all that info. There are still many things unclear to me, but
I hope to gain an understanding of those as well : )

Best regards,


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