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recursively expanded variables as functions

From: Ken Smith
Subject: recursively expanded variables as functions
Date: Fri, 20 May 2005 22:18:22 -0400
User-agent: Mutt/1.5.9i

First, my environment.

zsh(0)% gmake -v
GNU Make 3.81beta2
Copyright (C) 2003  Free Software Foundation, Inc.
This is free software; see the source for copying conditions.
There is NO warranty; not even for MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A

This program built for i686-pc-linux-gnu

I was under the impression that I could count on being able to call a
function before its definition because of the recursive expansion of
variables.  Here is an example.

$(warning result=$(call function,hello there))
function = $(findstring hello,$(1))
$(warning result=$(call function,hello there))

zsh(0)% gmake
GNUmakefile:1: result=
GNUmakefile:5: result=hello
gmake: *** No targets.  Stop.

Here is a similar example with similar results which doesn't use

$(warning $(variable))
variable = hi
$(warning $(variable))

zsh(0)% gmake
GNUmakefile:3: hi
gmake: *** No targets.  Stop.

Can anyone offer an explanation for this behavior?  Since "function" in
the first example, and variable in the second example are recursively
expanded variables, I would have thought $(call)ing or referencing them
would retrieve their eventual values.

  Many thanks,
  Ken Smith

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