igraph-help
[Top][All Lists]

## Re: [igraph] Randomizing graph while maintaining some properties

 From: Gábor Csárdi Subject: Re: [igraph] Randomizing graph while maintaining some properties Date: Mon, 13 Jul 2009 21:21:00 +0200

```Hi Steve,

for keeping the degree distribution see ?degree.sequence.game,
especially with method="vl". This is a "good way", in the sense that
it is a uniform sampler, but it always generates connected graphs and
works only for undirected ones.

Best,
Gabor

On Mon, Jul 13, 2009 at 8:42 PM, Steve Lianoglou<address@hidden> wrote:
> Hi all,
>
> I was curious if there was a good way to randomize an input graph
> while keeping some things constant (like degree distro on edges, for
> one).
>
> I wrote a naive/convoluted method that I'm using to attempt to do this
> on undirected graphs (pasted below), but it really fails to do it
> properly, though I guess it's ok for my requirements. Is there a
> better way to go?
>
> Thanks,
> -steve
>
> graph.randomize.edges <- function(graph, attr=NULL, do.test=TRUE) {
>  # Randomizes the connections in the graph keeping the same degree/
> node
>  #
>  # NOTE: All graph attributes will be stripped, it's your job to use
>  #       the *.annotate.* functions to put the ones back that you
> want.
>  warning(paste("This method doesn't keep the exact degree
> distributions",
>                "as the original graph, even though it's trying to!"))
>  mode <- ifelse(is.directed(graph), 'directed', 'upper')
>
>  if (mode == 'directed') {
>    for (i in 1:nrow(adj)) {
>    }
>  } else {
> from old
>    weights <- weights[weights != 0]            # graph on new random
> edges
>    so.far <- 0
>    for (i in 1:nrow(adj)) {
>      if (so.far >= length(weights)) {
>        break
>      }
>      n.to.put <- degrees[i] - length(already.connected)
>      # cat("[", i, "]: ", n.to.put, '\n', sep='')
>      if (n.to.put > 0) {
>        take.start <- so.far + 1
>        take.weights <- weights[take.start:(take.start + n.to.put -
> 1)]
>        so.far <- so.far + length(take.weights)
>        n.zeros <- ncol(adj) - (i-1) - length(take.weights)
>        edge.weights <- sample(c(take.weights, rep(0, n.zeros)))
>        if (any(is.na(edge.weights))) {
>          # oversampled the edges, the loop will break in the next
> iter
>          warning("NA/NA/NA")
>        }
>      }
>    }
> oversampling
>
>  }
>
>
>  if (do.test) {
>    # Checks that graph has same number of edges
>    n.edges <- sum(degree(graph)) == sum(degree(g.rand))
>    if (!n.edges) {
>      warning("Not the same number of edges")
>    }
>
>    eq <- all(degree(graph) == degree(g.rand))
>    if (!all(eq)) {
>      warning("Degrees for each node don't match")
>    }
>
>    # Check for broken pieces
>    if (no.clusters(graph) != no.clusters(g.rand)) {
>      warning("Number of pieces in graphs don't match!")
>    }
>  }
>
>  g.rand
> }
>
>
> _______________________________________________
> igraph-help mailing list
> http://lists.nongnu.org/mailman/listinfo/igraph-help
>

--