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15 May 2002 12:13:06 -0000
I am a programmer from the US[Michigan].
I need your help for setting up cvs repository server.I am
getting an error called "BROKEN PIPE ERROR SIGNAL" when i try to
login into the repository.
I am using pserver and port 2401 as suggested in many
articles..PLEASE HELP ME REGARDING THIS.It would be of great help
if you can mail me the details of how to set up the server.
I HAVE PASTED THE DETAILS I HAVE USED TO SET UP AND ALSO POINTED
WHERE I AM STRUCK.Please help me out and also treat this as
Login as root on repository machine
Create a user (& group) called: cvs
cvs -d /usr/local/cvsroot init
(Repeat this process if you want to create multiple repositories
e.g., /usr/local/cvsroot2, /usr/local/cvspublic etc). Each
repository can have different sets of authorized users.
Change owner and group of repository and all files to cvs:
chown -R cvs.cvs /usr/local/cvsroot
Create tcp service by editing /etc/services - add line (NOTE: May
already be present):
cvspserver 2401/tcp #CVS PServer
Create inetd entry for service by editing /etc/inetd.conf - add
# CVS PServer
cvspserver stream tcp nowait cvs /usr/bin/cvs cvs
NOTE: The above line "cvspserver stream ..." must appear on a
single line. If you created multiple repositories in step 3, add
an additional --allow-root=[repository path] argument for each
Restart inetd. NOTE: Because you will be restarting inetd from
root's session, it will inherit the environment, most notably
HOME=/root. This causes the following error when you try to check
anything out of the repository:
cvs server: cannot open /root/.cvsignore: Permission denied
cvs [server aborted]: can't chdir(/root): Permission denied
To remedy this, use one of two methods.
1) The first method is to restart the server (the problem does not
occur when inetd is started during system startup.
2) The second method is a manual restart while logged in as root.
For this to work you need to restart inetd without the HOME
pointing to root's home directory. Start a terminal session and
enter the following:
Now login as the user cvs. We will now setup the password file for
You will need a utility to create encrypted passwords. You can use
the below perl script for that purpose:
my $randletter = "(int (rand (26)) + (int (rand (1) + .5) % 2 ? 65
my $salt = sprintf ("%c%c", eval $randletter, eval $randletter);
my $plaintext = shift;
my $crypttext = crypt ($plaintext, $salt);
Create a text file in /usr/local/cvsroot/CVSROOT called passwd and
enter the users as shown below (format is:
NOTE: Use the crypt.pl utilty from above to generate the encrypted
passwords for the above entries. The passwords for the users
should NOT be the same as their unix password (if they have a unix
account). The cvs users you enter above do NOT need a unix
Set restrictive permissions on the file:
chmod 400 /usr/local/cvsroot/CVSROOT/passwd
(optional) Repeat step 10 and 11 for each additional repository
you created in step 3.
Set the default repository in the environment (will save entering
it on every cvs command):
(substitute real values for username1, your_server_name and
repository path if needed)
Test the basic login:
Enter the username1's password. There should not be any error
"PROBLEM HAS OCCURED HERE"
Create a tiny test project:
echo "//Main Class">testproj/Main.java
Import the project to the repository.
cvs import -m "My initial project message" testproj mycompany
Check to make sure the project was created in the repository. You
should see the file Main.java in /usr/local/cvsroot/testproj
Remove the test project from the repository:
rm --R /usr/local/cvsroot/testproj
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