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[Octave-bug-tracker] [bug #44280] asin, asind, atan, and atand may have

From: Dan Sebald
Subject: [Octave-bug-tracker] [bug #44280] asin, asind, atan, and atand may have incorrect values
Date: Tue, 17 Feb 2015 03:31:15 +0000
User-agent: Mozilla/5.0 (X11; Linux x86_64; rv:18.0) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/18.0 SeaMonkey/2.15

Follow-up Comment #1, bug #44280 (project octave):

Thanks for reporting this.  I've confirmed one bug for sure.

Here's what I'm seeing on a linux system:

>> asind(3)
ans =   90.000 - 100.998i
>> atand(5i)
ans = -90.000 + 11.616i
>> atan(5i)
ans = -1.57080 + 0.20273i
>> asin(3)
ans =  1.5708 - 1.7627i

This looks to be an incorrect formula for arc tangent in

atan (const Complex& x)
  static Complex i (0, 1);

  return i * log ((i + x) / (i - x)) / 2.0;

I think it should be (i - x) / (i + x) in the argument of the complex
logarithm.  Or i/2 * (ln(i-x) - ln(i+x)).  In the case of x=5i, something for
which the argument of the logarithm is solely imaginary (i.e., -4i and 6i),
the imaginary portion of the logarithm in both cases is -pi/2*i - -pi/2*i =
-pi*i, multiplying by i/2 gives us pi/2, or 90 degrees.

So, yes, atand() seems like a bug.  But more than that we should have some
good test cases to find these bugs, and that's a bit of a project.

But I don't know why your build of Octave is having problems with asin() as
well.  Different library for the Apple products?  I don't know.  I will look
into this more and try making some guesses.


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